1946 Icelandic parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Iceland on 30 June 1946.[1] The Independence Party remained the largest party in the Lower House of the Althing, winning 13 of the 35 seats.[2]

1946 Icelandic parliamentary election
← October 1942 30 June 1946 1949 →

All 35 seats in the Lower House
and 17 seats in the Upper House of Althing
Party Leader % Seats +/–
Upper House
Independence Ólafur Thors 39.50 7 0
Progressive Hermann Jónasson 23.06 4 -1
Socialist Einar Olgeirsson 19.50 3 0
Social Democratic Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson 17.81 3 +1
Lower House
Independence Ólafur Thors 39.50 13 0
Progressive Hermann Jónasson 23.05 9 -1
Socialist Einar Olgeirsson 19.50 7 0
Social Democratic Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson 17.81 6 +1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Hermann Jónasson Ólafur Thors
Ólafur Thors
Hermann Jónasson

Electoral systemEdit

The elections were conducted under two electoral systems. Twenty-one members were elected in single-member constituencies via first-past-the-post voting, while the remainder were elected using D'Hondt method proportional representation: twelve members in two-member constituencies, eight members in Reykjavík, and eleven from a single national compensatory list. To earn national list seats, a party had to win at least one constituency seat. In constituencies electing two or more members, within the party list, voters had the option to re-rank the candidates and could also strike a candidate out. Allocation of seats to candidates was done using a system based on the Borda count.[3]


Independence Party26,42839.5013070
Progressive Party15,42923.069–14–1
People's Unity Party – Socialist Party13,04919.507030
Social Democratic Party11,91417.816+13+1
Valid votes66,91398.55
Invalid/blank votes9831.45
Total votes67,896100.00
Registered voters/turnout77,67087.42
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p961 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p975
  3. ^ Renwick, Alan (2010). Helgason, Þorkell; Hermundardóttir, Friðný Ósk; Simonarson, Baldur (eds.). "Electoral System Change in Europe since 1945: Iceland" (PDF). Electoral system change since 1945. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 October 2021. Retrieved 4 October 2021.