Social Democratic Alliance
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The Social Democratic Alliance (Icelandic: Samfylkingin jafnaðarmannaflokkur Íslands, literally The Alliance - Iceland's Social Democratic Party) is a social-democratic political party in Iceland. It was founded in 2000 at the convergence of four centre left political parties (The Social Democratic Party, The People's Alliance, The Women's List, and National Awakening) following a joint run by all parties in the 1999 parliamentary election. The vision of the party was to unite the left wing of Icelandic politics, fractured since the 1930 split of the Social Democratic Party and present a united bloc to oppose the ruling Independence Party.
|Chairperson||Logi Már Einarsson|
|Vice-chairperson||Heiða Björg Hilmisdóttir|
|Chairperson of the board||Inga Björk Margrétar Bjarnadóttir|
|Secretary of the board||Þórarinn Snorri Sigurgeirsson|
|Chairperson of the parliamentary group||Oddný Harðardóttir|
|Founded||5 May 2000|
|Headquarters||Hallveigarstígur 1, |
|Youth wing||Social Democratic Youth|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists (associate)|
The Social Democratic Group
|Seats in the Althing|
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In the snap parliamentary election in 2009 called in the aftermath of the Icelandic financial crisis, the Social Democratic Alliance under the leadership of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir emerged as the largest party and formed a coalition government with the Left-Green Movement, which became the country's first majority left-wing government. The party lost substantial support in the 2013 parliamentary election becoming the third largest in Alþingi and nearly losing all its representatives at the 2016 election where it polled 5.7%. The party then regained support in the 2017 election under the leadership of chairperson Logi Már Einarsson where it again became the third largest party and largest opposition party.
The Social Democratic Alliance was born in the run-up to the parliamentary elections of 1999 as an alliance of the four left-wing parties that had existed in Iceland up till then: the Social Democratic Party, the People's Alliance, the Women's List and National Awakening. The parties then formally merged in May 2000 under the name "The Alliance" (Samfylkingin). The merger was a deliberate attempt to unify the entire Icelandic centre-left into one political party capable of countering the centre-right Independence Party. The initial attempt failed however as a group of Alþingi representatives rejected the new party's platform – which was inspired by that of Tony Blair's New Labour – and broke away before the merger to found the Left-Green Movement, based on more traditional democratic socialist values as well as green politics and euroscepticism. The Icelandic Movement – Living Country merged into the party in March 2009. In February 2013 the official name of the party was changed to "The Alliance – Social Democratic Party of Iceland" (Samfylkingin – Jafnaðarmannaflokkur Íslands).
The current chair of the party is Logi Már Einarsson, who was elected as vice-chairman in June 2016. Oddný Guðbjörg Harðardóttir, was elected as chair of the party to succeed Árni Páll Árnason in June 2016 but resigned after the election results of 2016. The youth wing of the Social Democratic Alliance is Social Democratic Youth.
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|Nº||Chairman||Took office||Left office|
|3||Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir
|5||Árni Páll Árnason
|6||Oddný Guðbjörg Harðardóttir
|7||Logi Már Einarsson
|Logi Már Einarsson||2016||Party leader||Northeast|
|Albertína Friðbjörg Elíasdóttir||2017||Northeast|
|Oddný G. Harðardóttir||2009||Chair of the parliamentary party||South|
|Guðjón S. Brjánsson||2016||First Assistant Speaker of the Parliament||Northwest|
|Ágúst Ólafur Ágústsson||2017||Previously a Member of Parliament from 2003-2009.||Reykjavik South|
|Helga Vala Helgadóttir||2017||Reykjavik North|
|Guðmundur Andri Thorsson||2017||Vice-chair of the parliamentary party||Southwest|
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