Social Democratic Party (Iceland)

The Social Democratic Party (Icelandic: Alþýðuflokkurinn), officially the People's Party, was a social-democratic[1] political party in Iceland.

Social Democratic Party

Alþýðuflokkurinn
Founded1916
DissolvedMay 2000
Merged intoSocial Democratic Alliance
IdeologySocial democracy
Political positionCentre-left
International affiliationSocialist International
Colours  Red

It was founded in 1916, as the political representation of the trade unions of Iceland.[2]

HistoryEdit

In 1920 its first member of the Althing, the Icelandic parliament, Jón Baldvinsson was elected.

The party would contest elections to the Althing with little success until 1934, when the party obtained 10 parliamentary seats. Iceland shifted towards a proportional representation system later that year which political scientist Amel Ahmed attributes to the rising electoral threat that the Social Democratic Party posed to the Independence Party and Progressive Party.[3]

Between 1926 and 1940, the party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International.[4]

The party led the government of Iceland three times, first in 1947–1949 under Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson, then in 1958–1959 under Emil Jónsson and finally under Benedikt Sigurðsson Gröndal in 1979–1980.

Its longest participation in government was with the Independence Party from 1959–1971.

The Social Democratic Party was succeeded in 2000 by the Social Democratic Alliance, a centre-left party with a wider political base created by the merger of the Social Democratic Party with the National Awakening, the People's Alliance and the Women's List.

Party chairmenEdit

Election resultsEdit

Election Votes Vote % Seats Place
August 1916 398   6.8   N/A 6th  
October 1916 903.5   6.8   1   6th  
1919 949   6.8   0   4th  
1922 2,033   17.2   N/A 4th  
1923 4,912.5   16.2   1   3rd  
1926 3,164   22.7   N/A 3rd  
1927 6,097.5   19.0   5   3rd  
1930 4,893   20.3   N/A 3rd  
1931 6,197.5   16.1   4   3rd  
1933 6,864.5   19.2   5   3rd  
1934 11,269.5   21.7   10   3rd  
1937 11,084.5   19.0   8   3rd  
July 1942 8,979   15.4   6   4th  
October 1942 8,455   14.2   7   4th  
1946 11,914   17.8   9   4th  
1949 11,937   16.5   7   4th  
1953 12,093   15.6   6   4th  
1956 15,153   18.3   8   3rd  
June 1959 10,632   12.5   6   4th  
October 1959 12,909   15.2   9   4th  
1963 12,697   14.2   8   4th  
1967 15,059   15.7   9   4th  
1971 11,020   10.5   6   4th  
1974 10,345   9.1   5   4th  
1978 26,912   22.0   14   3rd  
1979 21,580   17.4   10   4th  
1983 15,214   11.7   6   4th  
1987 23,265   15.2   10   3rd  
1991 24,459   15.5   10   3rd  
1995 18,846   11.4   7   4th  

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Haas, Melanie; Niedermayer; Stöss, Richard (2006). Die Parteiensysteme Westeuropas. Springer-Verlag. p. 268. ISBN 9783531141114.
  2. ^ Bergmann, Eirikur; Einarsson, Eiríkur Bergmann (2014). Iceland and the International Financial Crisis: Boom, Bust and Recovery. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 34. ISBN 9781137332004.
  3. ^ Ahmed, Amel (2012). Democracy and the Politics of Electoral System Choice: Engineering Electoral Dominance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9781139382137. ISBN 9781139382137.
  4. ^ Kowalski, Werner (1985). Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923–1919. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften (in German).

Further readingEdit

  • Busky, Donald F. (2000). Democratic Socialism: A Global Survey. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 71–72. ISBN 9780275968861.