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The Social Democratic Party (Icelandic: Alþýðuflokkurinn, lit. People's Party) was a social-democratic[1] political party in Iceland. It was founded in 1916 as the political representation of the trade unions of Iceland.[2]

Social Democratic Party

Alþýðuflokkurinn
Founded1916
DissolvedMay 2000
Merged intoSocial Democratic Alliance
IdeologySocial democracy
Political positionCentre-left
International affiliationSocialist International
ColoursRed

Contents

HistoryEdit

Its first member of the Althing, the Icelandic parliament, was Jón Baldvinsson, who was elected in 1920.

The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1926 and 1940.[3]

Three times the party led the government of Iceland; in 1947-1949 under Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson, in 1958-1959 under Emil Jónsson and under Benedikt Sigurðsson Gröndal in 1979-1980. Its longest participation in government was with the Independence Party from 1959-1971.

The Social Democratic Party was succeeded in 2000 by the Social Democratic Alliance (Samfylkingin), a centre-left party with a wider political base created by the merger of the Social Democratic Party with the People's Alliance, Women's List and National Awakening.

Party chairmenEdit

Election resultsEdit

Election Votes Vote % Seats Place
August 1916 398   6.8   N/A 6th  
October 1916 903.5   6.8   1   6th  
1919 949   6.8   0   4th  
1922 2,033   17.2   N/A 4th  
1923 4,912.5   16.2   1   3rd  
1926 3,164   22.7   N/A 3rd  
1927 6,097.5   19.0   5   3rd  
1930 4,893   20.3   N/A 3rd  
1931 6,197.5   16.1   4   3rd  
1933 6,864.5   19.2   5   3rd  
1934 11,269.5   21.7   10   3rd  
1937 11,084.5   19.0   8   3rd  
July 1942 8,979   15.4   6   4th  
October 1942 8,455   14.2   7   4th  
1946 11,914   17.8   9   4th  
1949 11,937   16.5   7   4th  
1953 12,093   15.6   6   4th  
1956 15,153   18.3   8   3rd  
June 1959 10,632   12.5   6   4th  
October 1959 12,909   15.2   9   4th  
1963 12,697   14.2   8   4th  
1967 15,059   15.7   9   4th  
1971 11,020   10.5   6   4th  
1974 10,345   9.1   5   4th  
1978 26,912   22.0   14   3rd  
1979 21,580   17.4   10   4th  
1983 15,214   11.7   6   4th  
1987 23,265   15.2   10   3rd  
1991 24,459   15.5   10   3rd  
1995 18,846   11.4   7   4th  

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Oskar Niedermayer; Richard Stöss; Melanie Haas (14 July 2006). Die Parteiensysteme Westeuropas. Springer-Verlag. p. 268. ISBN 978-3-531-14111-4.
  2. ^ Eiríkur Bergmann Einarsson; Eirikur Bergmann (31 January 2014). Iceland and the International Financial Crisis: Boom, Bust and Recovery. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-137-33200-4.
  3. ^ Kowalski, Werner. Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923 - 19. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften, 1985.