Year 131 (CXXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Laenas and Rufinus (or, less frequently, year 884 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 131 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Millennium: 1st millennium
131 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar131
Ab urbe condita884
Assyrian calendar4881
Balinese saka calendar52–53
Bengali calendar−462
Berber calendar1081
Buddhist calendar675
Burmese calendar−507
Byzantine calendar5639–5640
Chinese calendar庚午年 (Metal Horse)
2827 or 2767
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
2828 or 2768
Coptic calendar−153 – −152
Discordian calendar1297
Ethiopian calendar123–124
Hebrew calendar3891–3892
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat187–188
 - Shaka Samvat52–53
 - Kali Yuga3231–3232
Holocene calendar10131
Iranian calendar491 BP – 490 BP
Islamic calendar506 BH – 505 BH
Javanese calendar6–7
Julian calendar131
Korean calendar2464
Minguo calendar1781 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1337
Seleucid era442/443 AG
Thai solar calendar673–674
Tibetan calendar阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
257 or −124 or −896
    — to —
(female Iron-Goat)
258 or −123 or −895


By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit

  • Emperor Hadrian builds the city Aelia Capitolina, on the location of Jerusalem.
  • The Praetor's Edict is definitively codified by Salvius Julianus, on Hadrian's orders. This change means that senatorial decrees become a mere confirmation of the imperial speech (oratio principis) which initiated them.
  • Reorganization of the Imperial Council: Central administration is reinforced, and administrative positions are entrusted to knights, according to a very strict hierarchy. Under the reorganization, the Roman Senate is excluded from controlling the business of state.
  • Hadrian restores the monarchist policy of Claudius and Domitian. The equestrian order is given full legal status, and attains the second order of the state.
  • Italy is divided into legal districts managed by consuls, a direct blow to the power and prestige of the Senate.

By topicEdit


  • The Edict of Hadrian prohibits the practice of circumcision. Additionally, Hadrian prohibits public reading of the Torah under penalty of death, as well as observance of festivals and the Sabbath, the teaching of Judaic Law, and the ordination of rabbis.
  • The Temple of Baalshamin is built in Palmyra.[1]




  1. ^ Javier Teixidor (2015). The Pagan God: Popular Religion in the Greco-Roman Near East. Princeton University Press. p. 132. ISBN 1400871395.