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The 140s decade ran from January 1, 140, to December 31, 149.
- Emperor Antoninus Augustus Pius and Marcus Aurelius Caesar become Roman Consuls.
- Antoninus Pius recognizes the king of the Quadi, who becomes an ally of Rome.
- King Mithridates IV dies; Vologases III claims the throne and extends his rule throughout the Parthian Empire.
- The export of olive oil from Hispania Baetica to Rome peaks.
- Pope Pius I succeeds Pope Hyginus as the tenth pope.
- Marcion arrives in Rome, bringing Evangelikon and Apostolikon to the Christian community.
Arts and sciencesEdit
- The Temple of Antoninus and Faustina is constructed in Rome; the temple is dedicated to Faustina the Elder.
- Last (6th) year of Yonghe era of the Chinese Han Dynasty.
Arts and ScienceEdit
- Emperor Antoninus Pius orders the construction of the Antonine Wall. The wall stretches 39 miles (63 km), from Old Kilpatrick in West Dunbartonshire on the Firth of Clyde, to Carriden near Bo'ness on the Firth of Forth (Scotland). The Romans build 19 forts and smaller fortlets (milecastles), to protect the border against the Caledonians.
- Municipal doctors are named throughout the Roman Empire.
- First year of the Hanan era of the Chinese Han Dynasty.
- The Chinese Taoist alchemist Wei Boyang, author of the Kinship of the Three, is the first to describe an early form of gunpowder solution.
- Antoninus Pius serves as Roman Consul.
- A revolt of the Brigantes tribe in Britannia is suppressed by Quintus Lollius Urbicus.
- Lucius Hedius Rufus Lollianus Avitus and Titus Statilius Maximus become Roman Consuls.
- The Roman campaigns in Mauretania begin.
- Change of era name from Hanan (3rd year) to Jiankang era of the Chinese Han Dynasty.
- Change of emperor from Han Shundi to Han Chongdi of the Chinese Han Dynasty.
- Reign of Kanishka, emperor of the Kushan Empire.
- Change of Patriarch of Constantinople from Patriarch Polycarpus II to Patriarch Athendodorus.
- Marcion of Sinope is excommunicated; a sect, Marcionism, grows out of his beliefs.
- Antoninus Augustus Pius and Marcus Aurelius Caesar become Roman Consuls.
- Marcus Aurelius marries Faustina the Younger, a daughter of Antoninus Pius.
- Arrian becomes archon in Athens.
- Change of emperor from Han Chongdi to Han Zhidi of the Chinese Han Dynasty.
- Ajmere, India, is founded.
- Faustina the Younger is given the title Augusta and becomes Roman Empress.
- Marcus Aurelius receives the imperium proconsular.
- Change of era name from Yongxi (1st year) to Benchu era of the Chinese Han Dynasty.
- Change of emperor from Han Zhidi to Han Huandi of the Chinese Han Dynasty.
- Chadae becomes ruler of the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo.
- Marcus Aurelius receives imperial powers, from Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.
- Festivals to celebrate the 900th anniversary of the founding of Rome begin.
- Vologases III dies after a 42-year reign, in which he has contended successfully with his rivals.
- King Vologases IV, son of Mithridates IV of Parthia, unites under his rule the Parthian Empire.
- First year of Jianhe of the Chinese Han Dynasty.
- Papinian, Roman jurist and praetorian prefect (d. 212)
- Elpinice (daughter of Herodes Atticus) (d. 165)
- Liu Biao, Chinese governor (d. 208)
- Jia Xu, adviser to many important figures during the Chinese Han Dynasty (d. 223)
- Lokaksema, Kushan Buddhist monk
- January 11 – Pope Hyginus, Bishop of Rome
- Faustina the Elder, Roman Empress and wife of Antoninus Pius (b. c. 100 AD)
- Mithridates V of Parthia, king of Parthia
- Faustina the Elder, Roman Empress and wife of Antonius Pius (b. c. AD 100)
- Philo of Byblos, Phoenician historical writer (b. AD 64)
- Li Gu, Chinese scholar and official (b. AD 93)
- Vologases III, king of Parthia
- Xu Shen, Chinese author of the Shuowen Jiezi dictionary of etymology (b. AD 58)
- Testa, David W. Del (2014). Government Leaders, Military Rulers and Political Activists. Routledge. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-135-97566-1.
- "Marcus Aurelius | Biography, Meditations, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
- Kleiner, Fred S. (2016). A History of Roman Art. Cengage Learning. p. 222. ISBN 978-1-337-51577-1.
- "Arrian | Greek historian". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
- Higham, Charles (2014). Encyclopedia of Ancient Asian Civilizations. Infobase Publishing. pp. 77 & 413. ISBN 978-1-4381-0996-1.
- Wright, Colin. "City view, Ajmere". www.bl.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
- "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Mattern, Susan P. (2002). Rome and the Enemy: Imperial Strategy in the Principate. University of California Press. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-520-23683-7.
- Zürcher, Erik (1959). The Buddhist conquest of China: the spread and adaptation of Buddhism in early medieval China. 1. Brill Archive. p. 30.
- Eder, Walter; Renger, Johannes; Henkelman (2007). Brill's chronologies of the ancient world New Pauly names, dates and dynasties. Brill. p. 319. ISBN 978-90-04-15320-2.
- "Septimius Severus | Roman emperor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
- Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature (vol. 2): A Reference Guide, Part Two. BRILL. 2013. p. 986. ISBN 9789004201644.