7-simplex honeycomb

7-simplex honeycomb
(No image)
Type Uniform 7-honeycomb
Family Simplectic honeycomb
Schläfli symbol {3[8]}
Coxeter diagram CDel node 1.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel 3ab.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel 3ab.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.png
6-face types {36} 7-simplex t0.svg, t1{36} 7-simplex t1.svg
t2{36} 7-simplex t2.svg, t3{36} 7-simplex t3.svg
6-face types {35} 6-simplex t0.svg, t1{35} 6-simplex t1.svg
t2{35} 6-simplex t2.svg
5-face types {34} 5-simplex t0.svg, t1{34} 5-simplex t1.svg
t2{34} 5-simplex t2.svg
4-face types {33} 4-simplex t0.svg, t1{33} 4-simplex t1.svg
Cell types {3,3} 3-simplex t0.svg, t1{3,3} 3-simplex t1.svg
Face types {3} 2-simplex t0.svg
Vertex figure t0,6{36} 7-simplex t06.svg
Symmetry ×21, <[3[8]]>
Properties vertex-transitive

In seven-dimensional Euclidean geometry, the 7-simplex honeycomb is a space-filling tessellation (or honeycomb). The tessellation fills space by 7-simplex, rectified 7-simplex, birectified 7-simplex, and trirectified 7-simplex facets. These facet types occur in proportions of 2:2:2:1 respectively in the whole honeycomb.

A7 latticeEdit

This vertex arrangement is called the A7 lattice or 7-simplex lattice. The 56 vertices of the expanded 7-simplex vertex figure represent the 56 roots of the   Coxeter group.[1] It is the 7-dimensional case of a simplectic honeycomb. Around each vertex figure are 254 facets: 8+8 7-simplex, 28+28 rectified 7-simplex, 56+56 birectified 7-simplex, 70 trirectified 7-simplex, with the count distribution from the 9th row of Pascal's triangle.

  contains   as a subgroup of index 144.[2] Both   and   can be seen as affine extensions from   from different nodes:  

The A2
7
lattice can be constructed as the union of two A7 lattices, and is identical to the E7 lattice.

                   =          .

The A4
7
lattice is the union of four A7 lattices, which is identical to the E7* lattice (or E2
7
).

                                     =           +           = dual of          .

The A*
7
lattice (also called A8
7
) is the union of eight A7 lattices, and has the vertex arrangement to the dual honeycomb of the omnitruncated 7-simplex honeycomb, and therefore the Voronoi cell of this lattice is an omnitruncated 7-simplex.

                                                                         = dual of          .

Related polytopes and honeycombsEdit

This honeycomb is one of 29 unique uniform honeycombs[3] constructed by the   Coxeter group, grouped by their extended symmetry of rings within the regular octagon diagram:

Projection by foldingEdit

The 7-simplex honeycomb can be projected into the 4-dimensional tesseractic honeycomb by a geometric folding operation that maps two pairs of mirrors into each other, sharing the same vertex arrangement:

           
           

See alsoEdit

Regular and uniform honeycombs in 7-space:

NotesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.math.rwth-aachen.de/~Gabriele.Nebe/LATTICES/A7.html
  2. ^ N.W. Johnson: Geometries and Transformations, (2018) 12.4: Euclidean Coxeter groups, p.294
  3. ^ Weisstein, Eric W. "Necklace". MathWorld., OEIS sequence A000029 30-1 cases, skipping one with zero marks

ReferencesEdit

  • Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
  • Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H. S. M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley–Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
    • (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380–407, MR 2,10] (1.9 Uniform space-fillings)
    • (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3–45]
Fundamental convex regular and uniform honeycombs in dimensions 2-9
          /   /  
{3[3]} δ3 3 3 Hexagonal
{3[4]} δ4 4 4
{3[5]} δ5 5 5 24-cell honeycomb
{3[6]} δ6 6 6
{3[7]} δ7 7 7 222
{3[8]} δ8 8 8 133331
{3[9]} δ9 9 9 152251521
{3[10]} δ10 10 10
{3[n]} δn n n 1k22k1k21