5-simplex honeycomb

5-simplex honeycomb
(No image)
Type Uniform 5-honeycomb
Family Simplectic honeycomb
Schläfli symbol {3[6]}
Coxeter diagram CDel node 1.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel 3ab.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.png
5-face types {34} 5-simplex t0.svg, t1{34} 5-simplex t1.svg
t2{34} 5-simplex t2.svg
4-face types {33} 4-simplex t0.svg, t1{33} 4-simplex t1.svg
Cell types {3,3} 3-simplex t0.svg, t1{3,3} 3-simplex t1.svg
Face types {3} 2-simplex t0.svg
Vertex figure t0,4{34} 5-simplex t04.svg
Coxeter groups ×2, <[3[6]]>
Properties vertex-transitive

In five-dimensional Euclidean geometry, the 5-simplex honeycomb or hexateric honeycomb is a space-filling tessellation (or honeycomb or pentacomb). Each vertex is shared by 12 5-simplexes, 30 rectified 5-simplexes, and 20 birectified 5-simplexes. These facet types occur in proportions of 2:2:1 respectively in the whole honeycomb.

A5 latticeEdit

This vertex arrangement is called the A5 lattice or 5-simplex lattice. The 30 vertices of the stericated 5-simplex vertex figure represent the 30 roots of the   Coxeter group.[1] It is the 5-dimensional case of a simplectic honeycomb.

The A2
5
lattice is the union of two A5 lattices:

              

The A3
5
is the union of three A5 lattices:

                     .

The A*
5
lattice (also called A6
5
) is the union of six A5 lattices, and is the dual vertex arrangement to the omnitruncated 5-simplex honeycomb, and therefore the Voronoi cell of this lattice is an omnitruncated 5-simplex.

                                           = dual of        

Related polytopes and honeycombsEdit

This honeycomb is one of 12 unique uniform honeycombs[2] constructed by the   Coxeter group. The extended symmetry of the hexagonal diagram of the   Coxeter group allows for automorphisms that map diagram nodes (mirrors) on to each other. So the various 12 honeycombs represent higher symmetries based on the ring arrangement symmetry in the diagrams:

Projection by foldingEdit

The 5-simplex honeycomb can be projected into the 3-dimensional cubic honeycomb by a geometric folding operation that maps two pairs of mirrors into each other, sharing the same vertex arrangement:

         
         

See alsoEdit

Regular and uniform honeycombs in 5-space:

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
  • Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H. S. M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
    • (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10] (1.9 Uniform space-fillings)
    • (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
Fundamental convex regular and uniform honeycombs in dimensions 2-9
          /   /  
{3[3]} δ3 3 3 Hexagonal
{3[4]} δ4 4 4
{3[5]} δ5 5 5 24-cell honeycomb
{3[6]} δ6 6 6
{3[7]} δ7 7 7 222
{3[8]} δ8 8 8 133331
{3[9]} δ9 9 9 152251521
{3[10]} δ10 10 10
{3[n]} δn n n 1k22k1k21