The 40s decade ran from January 1, AD 40, to December 31, AD 49.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

Christianity came to Egypt as the Church of Alexandria was founded with Mark the Evangelist as the first Patriarch. James the Great died in 44 AD: One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, he was the first to be martyred according to the New Testament. Claudius expelled the Jews from Rome. (The exact date is uncertain. The maximal time window for the expulsion of Jews from Rome is from January AD 41 until January AD 53.)

Claudius became Roman Emperor in AD 41, following the assassination of Caligula. In AD 43, he sent Aulus Plautius with four legions to Britain (Britannia), initating the decades-long Roman conquest of Britain. In China, the Trung sisters' rebellion (AD 40-43), an armed civil uprising in the south of Han China, was crushed that same year.

Disasters of this decade include a famine in Syria in AD 46.

Literary works of this decade include the Histories of Alexander the Great (written by Quintus Curtius Rufus), and essays by Seneca (including De Ira, Ad Marciam, De consolatione, De Brevitate Vitæ, De Consolatione ad Polybium, and Ad Helviam matrem, De consolatione).

Events

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
ParthiaEdit
VietnamEdit

By topicEdit

Arts and sciencesEdit
  • Philo teaches that all men are born free.
ReligionEdit

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
ChinaEdit

By topicEdit

By placesEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
KoreaEdit
ChinaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

By placeEdit

BritainEdit
Roman EmpireEdit
Central AsiaEdit
  • Warfare begins between the northern and southern Huns.
VietnamEdit
ParthiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit
Arts and ScienceEdit

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
KoreaEdit

By topicEdit

Arts and ScienceEdit

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
ChinaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
  • The settlement at Celje gets municipal rights, and is named municipium Claudia Celeia.
  • Dobruja is annexed into Roman Moesia.
  • A census shows that there are more than 6,000,000 Roman citizens.
  • After the death of its king, Thracia becomes a Roman province.
  • Rome and its northeast border are reunited by the Danube Road.
  • According to Orosius, there is a serious famine in Syria[15]
Central AsiaEdit

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit
  • Ananias becomes high priest in Judaea.
  • Paul starts his evangelistic work (first missionary journey), accompanied by Barnabas and Mark.

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
ChinaEdit
KoreaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

Significant peopleEdit

BirthsEdit

AD 40

AD 41

AD 42

AD 43

  • Martial, Roman poet (approximate date)

AD 45

AD 46

AD 47

AD 48


DeathsEdit

AD 40

AD 41

AD 42

AD 43

AD 44

AD 45

AD 46

AD 47

AD 48

AD 49

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fabre, Guilhem; Fiches, Jean-Luc; Paillet, Jean-Louis (1991). "Interdisciplinary Research on the Aqueduct of Nimes and the Pont du Gard". Journal of Roman Archaeology. 4: 63–88. doi:10.1017/S104775940001549X.
  2. ^ a b Barrett, Anthony A. (2002). Caligula: The Corruption of Power. Routledge. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-203-13776-5.
  3. ^ a b Adkins, Lesley; Adkins, Roy A. (2004). Handbook to life in ancient Rome (2nd ed.). Infobase Publishing. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-8160-5026-0.
  4. ^ Dixon, William Hepworth (1865). The holy land. Vol. 2. B. Tauchnitz. p. 222.
  5. ^ Moran, Michael G. (2005). Ballif, Michelle (ed.). Classical rhetorics and rhetoricians: critical studies and sources. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 343. ISBN 978-0-313-32178-8.
  6. ^ Freedman, David Noel, ed. (2000). Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Amsterdam University Press. p. 262. ISBN 978-90-5356-503-2.
  7. ^ Scullard, H. H. (2010). From the Gracchi to Nero: A History of Rome 133 BC to AD 68. Taylor & Francis. p. 249. ISBN 978-0-415-58488-3.
  8. ^ Xiao Hong Lee, Lily; Stefanowska, A. D., eds. (2007). Biographical dictionary of Chinese women: antiquity through Sui, 1600 B.C.E.–618 C.E. Vol. 3. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 146–147. ISBN 978-0-7656-1750-7.
  9. ^ a b c d e Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 16–20. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  10. ^ a b Cassius Dio, Roman History.
  11. ^ Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars.
  12. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 47. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  13. ^ Carolyn D. Williams (2009). Boudica and Her Stories: Narrative Transformations of a Warrior Queen. University of Delaware Press. pp. 79–82. ISBN 978-0-87413-079-9.
  14. ^ a b "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  15. ^ Paulus Orosius. Historiae Adversum Paganos. Eodem anno imperii eius fames grauissima per Syriam facta est, quam etiam prophetae praenuntiauerant; sed Christianorum necessitatibus apud Hierosolymam conuectis ab Aegypto frumentis Helena Adiabenorum regina conuersa ad fidem Christi largissime ministrauit. (early 5th century)
  16. ^ a b "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  17. ^ Roberts, John. The Oxford dictionary of the classical world. Oxford University Press. p. 695. ISBN 9780192801463.
  18. ^ Kvint, Vladimir (2015). Strategy for the Global Market: Theory and Practical Applications. Routledge. p. 8. ISBN 9781317485575.
  19. ^ Wiedemann, Thomas E. J. (1989). Adults and children in the Roman Empire. Taylor & Francis. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-415-00336-0.
  20. ^ Asma, Stephen T. (2009). On Monsters: An Unnatural History of Our Worst Fears. Oxford University Press. p. 57. ISBN 9780199745777.
  21. ^ a b Varner, Eric R. (2004). Mutilation and transformation: damnatio memoriae and Roman imperial portraiture. Brill. p. 21. ISBN 978-90-04-13577-2.
  22. ^ Lightman, Marjorie; Lightman, Benjamin (2007). A to Z of ancient Greek and Roman women. Vol. 2. Infobase Publishing. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-8160-6710-7.
  23. ^ Joseph P. Free; Howard Frederic Vos (1992). Archaeology and Bible History. Zondervan. p. 238. ISBN 978-0-310-47961-1.
  24. ^ Chrystal, Paul (2017). Roman Women: The Women who influenced the History of Rome. Fonthill Media. p. 101.
  25. ^ Chrystal, Paul (2017). Roman Women: The Women who influenced the History of Rome. Fonthill Media. p. 101.
  26. ^ Wadley, Stephen (2006). Proceedings of the First North American Conference on Manchu Studies. Portland, Oregon: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 133. ISBN 978-3-447-05226-9.