Marcus Vinicius (c. 5 BC – AD 46) was twice Roman consul and, as husband of Julia Livilla, grandson-in-law (progener) of the emperor Tiberius. He was the son and grandson of two consuls, Publius Vinicius (consul 2 AD) and Marcus Vinicius (consul 19 BC).
Born in Cales in Campania, Vinicius started his senatorial career as quaestor in AD 20. That same year, Vinicius was requested to take part in the defence of Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso for the murder of Germanicus, but refused. He was present for the trial, as his name appears as one of seven witnesses of the Senatus consultum de Cn. Pisone patre, the Roman Senate's official act concerning Piso's trial and punishment.
After Claudius became emperor, Vinicius accompanied him during the Roman conquest of Britain in 43 and was awarded the ornamenta triumphalia. In 45, he was honoured with the rare distinction of a second consulship as prior consul; his colleague that year was Titus Statilius Taurus Corvinus.
Appearance in fictionEdit
- Vogel-Weidemann, Statthalter, p. 313; Syme, Roman Revolution, p. 499
- Tacitus, Annales, 3, 11, 2
- CIL VI, 31689
- Vogel-Weidemann, Statthalter, p. 307
- Velleius 1, 8, 1. 13, 5
- Tacitus, Annales 6, 15, 1; Cassius Dio 58, 21, 1
- Syme, "Problems about Proconsuls of Asia", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 53 (1983), p. 196
- Tacitus, Annales 6, 45
- Josephus ant. Iud. 19, 102. 251
- Barrett, Caligula: The Corruption of Power, p. 108
- Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for the Reign of Claudius", Classical Quarterly, 28 (1978), pp. 408, 424
- Cassius Dio 60, 27, 4
- Syme, Ronald (1939). The Roman Revolution. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- Vogel-Weidemann, Ursula (1982). Die Statthalter von Africa und Asia in den Jahren 14-68 n. Chr.: Eine Untersuchung zum Verhältnis Princeps und Senat. Bonn: Habelt.