36 Hours (1965 film)
36 Hours is a 1965 American suspense film, based on the 1944 short story "Beware of the Dog" by Roald Dahl. The picture stars James Garner, Eva Marie Saint, and Rod Taylor and was directed by George Seaton. On June 2, 1944, a German army doctor tries to obtain vital information from an American military intelligence officer by convincing him that it is 1950 and World War II is long over.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||George Seaton|
|Produced by||William Perlberg|
|Screenplay by||George Seaton|
Carl K. Hittleman
|Based on||"Beware of the Dog"|
by Roald Dahl
Eva Marie Saint
|Music by||Dimitri Tiomkin|
|Cinematography||Philip H. Lathrop|
|Edited by||Adrienne Fazan|
|Box office||$2,200,000 (US/ Canada rentals)|
Having attended General Eisenhower's final briefing on the Normandy landings, U.S. Army Major Jeff Pike is sent to Lisbon on June 1, 1944, to meet an informant to confirm that the Nazis still expect the invasion at the Pas de Calais. He is abducted and transported to Germany.
Pike wakes up in what looks like a U.S. Army hospital. His hair is graying, and he needs glasses to read. He is told it is May 1950 and he is in post-war Occupied Germany. Psychiatrist Major Walter Gerber explains that Pike has been having episodes of memory loss since he was tortured in Lisbon. He advises Pike that his blocked memories have always resurfaced, helped along by a therapy of remembering events prior to Lisbon and then pushing forward into the blank period. Various props including U.S. Army jeeps and uniforms, baseball, and fake letters, newspaper and radio broadcasts, are used to carefully convince Pike that the year is 1950 and that he is among fellow Americans. He is assisted by a nurse, the dispassionate Anna Hedler. Pike is taken in by the deception. As part of his "therapy", he recounts the critical details of the invasion plans, including the location and the date, June 5, to his eager listeners.
When Pike notices a nearly invisible paper cut he got the day he left for Lisbon, he realizes that he has been deceived. He confirms it by tricking an "American" soldier into reflexively snapping to attention in the German manner. He confronts Anna, who admits that the date is June 2, 1944. She was recruited from a concentration camp because she was a nurse and spoke English.
Pike instructs Anna to tell Gerber that he was onto the plot, while he makes a feeble attempt to escape. Quickly recaptured, he states that he realized what was going soon after waking up due to his paper cut. Gerber does not believe him. After two days of interrogation, however, Pike and Anna convince SS agent Schack, who never believed the deception would work. Schack is sure the invasion will be at the Pas de Calais. Gerber, however, sets the clock forward in Pike and Anna's room so they think it is the morning of June 5, then states that the Germans have been surprised at Normandy. Pike lets his guard down and confirms it. Gerber sends an emergency dispatch, but the weather on June 5 is so bad that Eisenhower postpones the invasion a day (which actually occurred). By midday June 5, Gerber has been discredited and Schack orders his arrest.
Gerber knows that Schack will kill them to cover his own blunder when the Allies do finally land at Normandy. Gerber helps Anna and Pike escape, asking Pike to take his groundbreaking research on amnesiacs with him. When the invasion begins the next morning, he laughs at Schack when he arrives, revealing that he has taken poison and pointing out that Schack will likely be liquidated. Schack pursues the escapees on his own, too hurried to wait for troops.
The couple flee to a local minister who (Pike knows) had helped downed RAF pilots escape to nearby Switzerland. The minister is away, but his housekeeper Elsa introduces them to a jovially corrupt German border guard, Sgt. Ernst. Pike and Anna bribe him with his watch and her rings to get them across the border. Ernst gives Elsa one of the rings. Schack shows up at the minister's after Ernst and the couple have left for the border – he recognizes Anna's ring on Elsa’s finger and forces her to reveal where they have gone. Schack catches up at the border, but Ernst shoots him and arranges Schack’s body to make it look as if he had been killed while trying to escape himself.
Safely in Switzerland, Pike and Hedler are put in separate cars. Anna cries as they part, her first display of emotion in years.
- James Garner as Major Jefferson Pike
- Eva Marie Saint as Anna Hedler
- Rod Taylor as Major Walter Gerber
- Werner Peters as Otto Schack
- John Banner as Ernst
- Alan Napier as Colonel Peter MacLean
- Ed Gilbert as Captain Abbott
- Celia Lovsky as Elsa
- Russell Thorson as General Allison
- Oscar Beregi as Lt. Colonel Karl Ostermann
- Sig Ruman as German Guard
- Karl Held as Corporal Kenter
In addition, James Doohan – still a year away from taking on the role of Montgomery "Scotty" Scott in the television series Star Trek – makes a brief uncredited appearance as Bishop, clerk to the Colonel MacLean character.
In the opinion of The New York Times critic Bosley Crowther, "What is annoying about this picture is that the set-up for pulling off the plot is just too slick and artificial, too patly and elaborately contrived. ... Even though Mr. Seaton has done a thorough and careful job of staging this massive deception and has got his able cast to play it with reasonable assurance, it has such a synthetic look and, indeed, the idea is so theatrical that the whole thing rings curiously false."
Garner wrote in his memoirs that he felt "the movie doesn't work because there's no suspense; everybody knew than in real life the D-Day invasion was a success and that we'd won the war", but he did enjoy working with Saint and George Seaton.
Banner's role, which provided the comedy relief in 36 Hours, was the role model for his easy-going German soldier, POW camp guard Sgt. Hans Schultz, in the TV series Hogan's Heroes (1965–71). Coincidentally, Sig Ruman played a similar POW camp guard named Sgt. Schultz in the William Holden feature film Stalag 17 (1953).
- This figure consists of anticipated rentals accruing distributors in North America. See "Top Grossers of 1965", Variety, January 5, 1966, p. 36, and Stephen Vagg, Rod Taylor: An Aussie in Hollywood, Bear Manor Media, 2010, p. 104
- http://www.roalddahlfans.com/shortstories/bewa.php "Beware of the Dog" by Roald Dahl
- Stephen Vagg, Rod Taylor: An Aussie in Hollywood (Bear Manor Media, 2010) p. 103
- http://archives.newyorker.com/?i=1965-06-19 (subscription required)
- Bosley Crowther (January 29, 1965). "Screen: Contrived Trapping of Spies:Perlberg-Seaton Offer '36 Hours,' a Drama". The New York Times.
- Garner, James; Winokur, Jon (2011). The Garner Files: A Memoir. Simon & Schuster. p. 255.
- Inman, David (November 8, 2010). "'36 Hours' is World War II thriller". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved November 8, 2010.