20 Party Alliance

The 20 Party Alliance is a Bangladeshi coalition of right-wing political parties, led by the Bangladesh Nationalist Party.[1] It was originally formed as the 18 Party Alliance on 18 April 2012 in Dhaka, extending its predecessor the Four Party Alliance.[2] The 20 Party Alliance was formed as an effort to strengthen the opposition's demands for restoring the caretaker government system used between 1996 and 2008.[citation needed] The main rival of this alliance is the Grand Alliance, led by Awami League which came into power after the election in 2008.

20 Party Alliance
২০ দলীয় ঐক্যজোট
LeaderBegum Khaleda Zia (Bangladesh Nationalist Party)
Secretary-GeneralNazrul Islam Khan (Chief coordinator)
FoundedApril 18, 2012; 10 years ago (2012-04-18)
Preceded byFour Party Alliance
HeadquartersDhaka, Bangladesh
IdeologyBig tent[citation needed]
Political positionCentre to far-right
Seats in the Jatyo Sangshad
5 / 350
City Corporation
2 / 12
Khaleda Zia, former prime minister and de jure leader of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party and the 20 Party Alliance

The BNP are simultaneously in Jatiya Oikya Front and this alliance.[3]


The Four Party Alliance was a political grouping in the Jatiyo Sangshad, or National Assembly of Bangladesh. It was formed in 1999[4] for the 2001 election, and consisted of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh, Bangladesh Jatiya Party (Najiur) and Islami Oikya Jote. The alliance won a substantial majority in 2001, but was heavily defeated by the Grand Alliance of Bangladesh in 2008. On 18 April 2012, the Four Party Alliance was extended and took the new name 18 Party Alliance.[2]


In the 2001 Bangladeshi general election, the Four Party Alliance won 214 of the 300 seats in parliament.

Total seats: 300

Four Party Alliance : 214

Bangladesh Awami League: 62

Islami Jatiya Oikya Front(Jatiya Party): 14

Independents and others : 14


In the 2008 Bangladeshi general election, the Four Party Alliance won 33 of the 300 seats in parliament.

Total seats: 300

Four Party Alliance : 33

Grand Alliance: 263

Independents and others : 04


  1. Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)
  2. Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami (BJI) (registration cancelled in 2013)
  3. Liberal Democratic Party - LDP (quitted alliance in 2020)
  4. Islami Oikya Jote (quitted alliance in 2017)
  5. Khelafat Majlish (quitted alliance in 2021)
  6. Jatiya Ganatantrik Party-JAGPA (registration rejected in 2021)
  7. Bangladesh Kalyan Party
  8. National People's Party-NPP
  9. Bangladesh National Awami Party-Bangladesh NAP (quitted alliance in 2018)
  10. Jamiote-Olamaye-Islam Bangladesh (quitted alliance in 2021)
  11. National Democratic Party-NDP (quitted alliance in 2018)
  12. Bangladesh Labour Party
  13. Bangladesh Muslim League - BML
  14. Bangladesh Islamic Party
  15. National Awami Party-Bhasani (NAP-Bhasani)
  16. Democratic League-DL
  17. Bangladesh People's League[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "20 Party Alliance Support BNP Mayor Candidates". Prothom Alo. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Khaleda announces formation of 18 party alliance". The Independent. Dhaka. Archived from the original on 2013-06-06. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
  3. ^ Azad, Rafiqul Islam (9 December 2018). "BNP leaves 58 seats for Oikyafront, 20-party alliance". The Independent BD. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b "18-party alliance launched". The Daily Star. 18 April 2012. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012.