2020 coronavirus pandemic in Austria

The 2019–2020 coronavirus pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Austria on 25 February, a 24-year-old man and a 24-year-old woman travelling from Lombardy, Italy, who were treated at a hospital in Innsbruck.[2][3][4][5] As of 7 April 2020, Austria has reported 12,519 cases of which 243 have died and 4,046 have recovered.[6]

2020 coronavirus pandemic in Austria
Covid-19 - Austria Cases per 100k - 1403.svg
Covid-19 – Austria Cases per 100k (as of 2 April 2020)
  0–25 confirmed cases
  25–50 confirmed cases
  50–125 confirmed cases
  125–250 confirmed case
  > 250 confirmed cases
Covid-19 - Austria Death toll per million.svg
Covid-19 – Austria Deaths per 1M (as of 2 April 2020)
  0–10 confirmed deaths
  10–20 confirmed deaths
  20–40 confirmed deaths
  40–80 confirmed deaths
  > 80 confirmed deaths
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationAustria
First outbreakHubei, China via Lombardy, Italy
Index caseInnsbruck
Arrival date25 February 2020
Confirmed cases12,852[1]
Recovered4,512
Deaths
273[1]
Official website
www.sozialministerium.at/covid

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[7][8]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[9][10] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[11][9]

TimelineEdit

On 25 February 2020, Austria confirmed the first two cases of COVID-19, a 24-year-old man and a 24-year-old woman from Lombardy, Italy tested positive and were treated at a hospital in Innsbruck, Tyrol.[12][13][14][15]

On 27 February, a 72-year-old man in Vienna had been in the Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung hospital for 10 days with flu symptoms before he tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. He was then transferred to Kaiser-Franz-Josef Hospital.[16][17][18][19] A couple who tested positive and their two children who were showing symptoms were admitted to Kaiser-Franz-Josef Hospital. The family had previously been on holiday in Lombardy, Italy.[16][17] On 28 February, one of the children, a 15-year-old boy tested positive. Due to the illness, precautions were taken at his high school as 4 teachers and 23 students born between 2003 and 2005 were sent home for isolation.[20]

Beginning from 1 March, authorities in Germany and the Nordic countries begun identifying Tyrolean ski resort town of Ischgl as a major coronavirus hotspot. Several hundred infections were eventually traced back to the town with transmissions having occurred from late February on. After initially playing down the risks, Tyrolean authorities placed the entire town in quarantine on 13 March.[21]

On 10 March 2020, the government announced that all universities would close their classes at the latest by 16 March. All outdoor events with more than 500 people and all indoor events with more than 100 people were cancelled. All children older than 14 years old were ordered to stay at home, starting 15 March, with the younger children starting 17 March . This will apply until 4 April.[22] Travel restrictions for people coming from Italy are established. The government asked the general public to avoid social contact and announced even further restrictions to be made soon.[23]

On 12 March 2020, Austria confirmed the first death of COVID-19, a 69-year-old man from Vienna died in Vienna's Kaiser-Franz-Josef Hospital.[24]

By 13 March 2020, there were 422 confirmed cases.[25]

Potential COVID-19 infected persons should under no circumstances go to a doctor or to an outpatient clinic to reduce the risk of infection. They were asked to call the Healthcare number 1450 instead. On 15 March, there were about 70 times as many calls as on other Sundays before the pandemic.[26]

On 15 March, a ban was also announced for public gatherings of more than five people, and restaurants were ordered to close beginning on 17 March.[27] In addition, Günther Platter, the governor of Tyrol, announced a one-week lockdown for the whole province.[28][29] Residents in Tyrol were required to remain in their homes except for necessary reasons such as purchasing food or medicine, visiting the doctor, withdrawing cash, or walking a dog.[28]

As of 16 March, nationwide, homes may only be left for one of the following reasons:[30]

  • necessary professional activities
  • necessary purchases (groceries or medication)
  • assisting other people
  • activities outside, alone or in the company of people living in the same household

Officials stated that those restrictions are being actively enforced by the police.[citation needed]

On 27 March, Federal Minister of Health Rudolf Anschober announced that, in Austria, the peak of the pandemic is expected to be between mid of April and mid of May 2020.[31]

On 30 March, the Austrian government announced that everyone entering a store has to wear a face mask effective 6 April.[32]

StatisticsEdit

COVID-19 cases in Austria  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-02-29
5(n.a.)
2020-03-01
10(+100%)
2020-03-02
10(=)
2020-03-03
18(+80%)
2020-03-04
29(+61%)
2020-03-05
41(+41%)
2020-03-06
55(+34%)
2020-03-07
79(+44%)
2020-03-08
99(+25%)
2020-03-09
131(+32%)
2020-03-10
182(+39%)
2020-03-11
246(+35%)
2020-03-12
361(+47%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-13
504(+40%) 1(=)
2020-03-14
655(+30%) 1(=)
2020-03-15
860(+31%) 1(=)
2020-03-16
1,016(+18%) 3(+200%)
2020-03-17
1,332(+31%) 3(=)
2020-03-18
1,646(+24%) 4(+33%)
2020-03-19
2,013(+22%) 6(+50%)
2020-03-20
2,388(+19%) 6(=)
2020-03-21
2,814(+18%) 8(+33%)
2020-03-22
3,244(+15%) 16(+100%)
2020-03-23
3,924(+21%) 21(+31%)
2020-03-24
4,876(+26%) 28(+33%)
2020-03-25
5,560(+14%) 31(+11%)
2020-03-26
6,398(+15%) 49(+58%)
2020-03-27
7,399(+16%) 58(+18%)
2020-03-28
7,995(+8.1%) 68(+17%)
2020-03-29
8,536(+6.8%) 86(+26%[i])
2020-03-30
9,377(+9.9%) 108(+25% )
2020-03-31
9,974(+6.4%) 128(+18%)
2020-04-01
10,482(+5.1%) 146(+14%)
2020-04-02
10,967(+4.6%) 158(+8.2%)
2020-04-03
11,383(+3.8%) 168(+6.3%)
2020-04-04
11,665(+2.5%) 186(+11%)
2020-04-05
11,907(+2.1%) 204(+9.7%)
2020-04-06
12,206(+2.5%) 220(+7.8%)
2020-04-07
12,519(+2.6%) 243(+10.5%)
2020-04-08
12,852(+2.7%) 273(+12.3%)
Sources:

Reported laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases and deaths[33] Recovered cases have not officially been updated until March 29.
Notes:

  1. ^ The Federal Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection did not report recovered cases until March 29. Therefore, active cases have dropped drastically on March 29.

Confirmed COVID-19 cases in Austria by federal state ()

Id State Cases Hospit. ICU Deaths Recov.
1 Burgenland 242 13 4 3 60
2 Carinthia 341 35 12 4 132
3 Lower Austria 2,103 217 48 39 567
4 Upper Austria 2,008 125 31 23 819
5 Salzburg 1,120 95 16 16 294
6 Styria 1,396 166 29 60 262
7 Tyrol 2,875 215 59 40 1,237
8 Vorarlberg 784 43 11 5 403
9 Vienna 1,824 191 33 53 272


 

Prevention measuresEdit

On 16 March, a nationwide curfew went into force. Homes may only be left for a handful of specified reasons, see above.[34] Non essential work that can not be done from home was stopped.

On 17 March, in addition to border checks, Austria banned all arrivals from Italy, China's Hubei Province, Iran, and South Korea, excepting those who had a medical certificate no more than four days old that confirmed they were not affected by coronavirus.[35]

On 27 March, it was announced that no further prevention measures are planned.[31]

On 30 March, the government laid out plans to introduce compulsory wearing of face masks covering mouth and nose. From 6 April onwards, this will only affect persons entering supermarkets, but will be extended to more public places in the near future.[36]

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Aktuelle Informationen: Neuartiges Coronavirus" (in German). Federal Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Austria reports first two cases of coronavirus". The Guardian. Associated Press. 25 February 2020. Archived from the original on 25 February 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  3. ^ "Coronavirus: Zwei Fälle in Tirol bestätigt". news.ORF.at (in German). 25 February 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  4. ^ Busby (now), Mattha; Belam, Martin; Marsh, Sarah; Rourke, Alison; Farrer (earlier), Martin; Busby, Mattha; Adams, Richard; Parveen, Nazia; Wearden, Graeme (25 February 2020). "Coronavirus news: Austria and Croatia report first cases as Tenerife quarantines hotel – live updates". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  5. ^ Helen Regan; Adam Renton; Meg Wagner; Mike Hayes; Veronica Rocha (25 February 2020). "Austria's 2 coronavirus cases are Italian citizens". CNN. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  6. ^ "Informationen zum Coronavirus (2019-nCov)".
  7. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  8. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  10. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  11. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Austria reports first two cases of coronavirus". The Guardian. Associated Press. 25 February 2020. Archived from the original on 25 February 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  13. ^ red, ORF at/Agenturen (25 February 2020). "Coronavirus: Zwei Fälle in Tirol bestätigt". news.ORF.at (in German). Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  14. ^ Busby (now), Mattha; Belam, Martin; Marsh, Sarah; Rourke, Alison; Farrer (earlier), Martin; Busby, Mattha; Adams, Richard; Parveen, Nazia; Wearden, Graeme (25 February 2020). "Coronavirus news: Austria and Croatia report first cases as Tenerife quarantines hotel – live updates". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  15. ^ Helen Regan; Adam Renton; Meg Wagner; Mike Hayes; Veronica Rocha (25 February 2020). "Austria's 2 coronavirus cases are Italian citizens". CNN. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  16. ^ a b "Dritter bestätigter Coronavirus-Fall in Wien – derStandard.at". DER STANDARD (in German). Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  17. ^ a b red, wien ORF at/Agenturen (27 February 2020). "Coronavirus: Drei bestätigte Fälle in Wien". wien.ORF.at (in German). Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  18. ^ birgit.seiser,katharina.zach. "Coronavirus erreicht Wien: 72-Jähriger erkrankt". kurier.at (in German). Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  19. ^ red, ORF at/Agenturen (27 February 2020). "Coronavirus: Wiener Patient seit zehn Tagen im Spital". news.ORF.at (in German). Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  20. ^ red, ORF at/Agenturen (28 February 2020). "Infektion in Steiermark: Bereits sieben bestätigte CoV-Fälle". news.ORF.at (in German). Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  21. ^ Karnitschnig, Matthew (19 March 2020). "The Austrian ski town that spread coronavirus across the Continent". Politico. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Coronavirus: Stufenweise ab Montag: Österreich schließt Schulen «". Kleinezeitung.at. 11 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  23. ^ bock, sita, beide ORF.at/Agenturen (10 March 2020). "Coronavirus: Starke Einschränkungen beschlossen – news.ORF.at". Orf.at. Retrieved 15 March 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ "Austria Reports First Death from COVID-19 – Vindobona.org | Vienna International News". Vindobona.org. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Sozialministerium: Aktuelle Informationen: Neuartiges Coronavirus" (in German). Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Coronavirus: Kaum Wartezeit bei Gesundheitshotline 1450 in NÖ". kurier.at (in German). Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  27. ^ "Austria Coronavirus News: Österreich Aktuelle Virus Nachrichten". Bloomberg. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  28. ^ a b "The Latest: US CDC recommends strict 8-week limit on crowds". AP NEWS. 15 March 2020.
  29. ^ "Austria's Tyrol province orders lockdown". Boston Globe.
  30. ^ ORF.at/Agenturen (16 March 2020). "Ausgangsbeschränkungen – Was nun erlaubt ist und was nicht – news.ORF.at". Orf.at. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  31. ^ a b "Spitze zwischen 'Mitte April und Mitte Mai'". orf.at. 27 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  32. ^ "Regierung verschärft Maßnahmen". ORF. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  33. ^ "Aktuelle Informationen: Neuartiges Coronavirus" (in German). Sozialministerium. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  34. ^ ORF.at/Agenturen (16 March 2020). "Ausgangsbeschränkungen – Was nun erlaubt ist und was nicht – news.ORF.at". Orf.at. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  35. ^ "Coronavirus: Which countries have travel bans?". CNN. 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  36. ^ "Regierung verschärft Maßnahmen". orf.at. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.

External linksEdit