2016 United States presidential election in Washington (state)

The 2016 United States presidential election in Washington took place on November 8, 2016 as part of the 2016 United States presidential election. Washington was won by Hillary Clinton, who won the state with 52.54% of the vote over Donald Trump's 36.83%, a margin of 15.71%. All of the state's 12 electoral votes were assigned to Clinton, though four defected. Trump prevailed in the presidential election nationally.

2016 United States presidential election in Washington (state)

← 2012 November 8, 2016 2020 →
Turnout78.76% (of registered voters) Decrease2.49%[1]
  Hillary Clinton by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg
Nominee Hillary Clinton Donald Trump
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York New York
Running mate Tim Kaine Mike Pence
Electoral vote 8[a] 0
Popular vote 1,742,718 1,221,747
Percentage 52.54% 36.83%

Washington Presidential Election Results 2016.svg
County Results

President before election

Barack Obama
Democratic

Elected President

Donald Trump
Republican

Results by county showing number of votes by size and candidates by color
Treemap of the popular vote by county

In the presidential primaries, Washington voters chose Republican Party's nominee; the Democratic Party used the caucus system, and Green Party nominee was chosen in a convention. Hillary Clinton won the election in Washington with 52.5 percent of the vote, a reduced percentage from President Obama in 2012, though due to Trump receiving an even greater drop in percentage compared with Mitt Romney, Washington was among 11 states where Clinton improved on Obama's margin of victory.[2] This was the first presidential election in which the Republican Party won Grays Harbor and Pacific Counties since 1928 and 1952 respectively.[3][4] It was also the first time the GOP had won Cowlitz County since Ronald Reagan in 1980, and the first Republican win in Mason County since Reagan in 1984.[5] On the other hand, Trump became the first Republican to win the White House without carrying Whitman County since William McKinley in 1900.

Despite Clinton's victory, four Democratic electors defected. Three voted for Colin Powell, making him the first African-American Republican to receive electoral votes, while a Native American activist cast his vote for Faith Spotted Eagle, making her the first Native American to receive an electoral vote for president. Powell became the first Republican to receive electoral votes from Washington state since Ronald Reagan in 1984.[5] However, overall it was the eighth consecutive election in which Washington voted Democratic, and the twelfth in a row in which it voted the same way as neighboring Oregon.

Primaries and CaucusesEdit

Washington has voted for the Democratic candidate in every presidential election since 1988. While the state's Senate was majority Republican in 2016, both of Washington's United States Senators are Democrats, as well as a majority of the state's U.S. House delegation. Barack Obama defeated John McCain by 17.08% in 2008 and Mitt Romney by 14.87% in 2012.

Primary electionsEdit

Democratic caucusEdit

 
County results of the Washington Democratic presidential caucus, 2016.
  Bernie Sanders

Bernie Sanders bested Hillary Clinton in the Democratic presidential caucus on March 26, 2016:

The state also held a non-binding presidential primary on May 24, the same date as the state's Republican primary. Hillary Clinton won the preference vote.

Washington Democratic caucuses, March 26, 2016
Candidate District delegates Estimated delegates
Count Percentage Pledged Unpledged Total
Bernie Sanders 19,159 72.72% 74 0 74
Hillary Clinton 7,140 27.10% 27 10 37
Others
Uncommitted 46 0.18% 0 7 7
Total 26,345 100% 101 17 118
Source: The Green Papers
Washington Democratic primary, May 24, 2016
Candidate Popular vote Estimated delegates
Count Percentage Pledged Unpledged Total
Hillary Clinton 420,461 52.38% 0 0 0
Bernie Sanders 382,293 47.62% 0 0 0
Others
Uncommitted
Total 802,754 100% 0 0 0
Source: Washington Secretary of State - Official Results

Republican primaryEdit

Four candidates appeared on the Republican presidential primary ballot on May 24, 2016:

Washington Republican primary, May 24, 2016
Candidate Votes Percentage Actual delegate count
Bound Unbound Total
Donald Trump 455,023 75.46% 41 0 41
Ted Cruz (withdrawn) 65,172 10.81% 0 0 0
John Kasich (withdrawn) 58,954 9.78% 0 0 0
Ben Carson (withdrawn) 23,849 3.96% 0 0 0
Uncommitted 3 0 3
Unprojected delegates: 0 0 0
Total: 602,998 100.00% 44 0 44
Source: The Green Papers

Green conventionEdit

This state's Green Party state convention was on May 15. Ballots were emailed to members within a week after the convention.[6]

Washington Green Party Convention, May 15, 2016.
Candidate Votes Percentage National delegates
Jill Stein - 91.7 5
William Kreml - - -
Sedinam Kinamo Christin Moyowasifza Curry - - -
Kent Mesplay - - -
Darryl Cherney - - -
Total - - 5

General electionEdit

PredictionsEdit

Source Ranking As of
Los Angeles Times[7] Safe D November 6, 2016
CNN[8] Safe D November 4, 2016
Cook Political Report[9] Safe D November 7, 2016
Electoral-vote.com[10] Safe D November 8, 2016
Rothenberg Political Report[11] Safe D November 7, 2016
Sabato's Crystal Ball[12] Safe D November 7, 2016
RealClearPolitics[13] Likely D November 8, 2016
Fox News[14] Safe D November 7, 2016

PollingEdit

Democrat Hillary Clinton won every pre-election poll and all but one by double digits. The average of the final three polls showed Hillary Clinton leading Donald Trump 50.3% to 36%.[15]

State voting historyEdit

Washington joined the Union in November 1889 and has participated in all elections from 1892 onwards.

Since 1900, Washington voted Democratic 51.72 percent of the time and Republican 44.83 percent of the time. Since 1988, Washington had voted for the Democratic Party in each presidential election, and the same was expected to happen in 2016.[16]

ResultsEdit

2016 United States presidential election in Washington (state)[17]
Party Candidate Running mate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Hillary Clinton Tim Kaine 1,742,718 52.54% 8
Republican Donald Trump Mike Pence 1,221,747 36.83% 0
Libertarian Gary Johnson William Weld 160,879 4.85% 0
Write-ins 107,805 3.25% 0
Green Jill Stein Ajamu Baraka 58,417 1.76% 0
Constitution Darrell Castle Scott Bradley 17,623 0.53% 0
Socialist Workers Alyson Kennedy Osborne Hart 4,307 0.13% 0
Socialism and Liberation Gloria La Riva Eugene Puryear 3,523 0.11% 0
Republican Colin Powell 0 0.00% 3
Independent Faith Spotted Eagle Winona LaDuke 0 0.00% 1
Total 3,317,019 100.00% 12

By countyEdit

County Clinton% Clinton# Trump% Trump# Others (excluding write-ins)% Others (excluding write-ins)# Total
Adams 28.32% 1,299 67.21% 3,083 5.64% 262 4,644
Asotin 32.59% 3,134 59.70% 5,741 8.84% 861 9,736
Benton 33.26% 26,360 59.55% 47,194 8.09% 6,473 80,027
Chelan 39.34% 13,032 54.68% 18,114 6.69% 2,234 33,380
Clallam 45.19% 17,677 48.04% 18,794 7.57% 2,986 39,457
Clark 46.70% 92,757 46.54% 92,441 7.48% 14,962 200,160
Columbia 24.37% 526 69.37% 1,497 7.29% 159 2,182
Cowlitz 39.60% 17,908 53.48% 24,185 7.88% 3,599 45,692
Douglas 31.89% 4,918 62.28% 9,603 6.58% 1,022 15,543
Ferry 30.94% 1,098 62.05% 2,202 8.36% 301 3,601
Franklin 37.87% 8,886 56.28% 13,206 6.86% 1,628 23,720
Garfield 22.65% 279 69.07% 851 9.31% 116 1,246
Grant 27.89% 7,810 66.12% 18,518 7.12% 2,018 28,346
Grays Harbor 42.78% 12,020 50.06% 14,067 8.04% 2,280 28,367
Island 49.26% 20,960 43.39% 18,465 8.05% 3,451 42,876
Jefferson 62.82% 12,656 29.97% 6,037 7.81% 1,583 20,276
King 72.32% 718,322 21.78% 216,339 6.39% 63,838 998,499
Kitsap 51.28% 63,156 39.80% 49,018 9.77% 12,143 124,317
Kittitas 39.81% 7,489 53.69% 10,100 7.21% 1,366 18,955
Klickitat 39.33% 4,194 54.29% 5,789 7.30% 786 10,769
Lewis 28.54% 9,654 65.02% 21,992 7.33% 2,503 34,149
Lincoln 22.00% 1,244 72.66% 4,108 6.32% 361 5,713
Mason 43.16% 11,993 49.22% 13,677 8.56% 2,403 28,073
Okanogan 37.24% 6,298 56.82% 9,610 6.92% 1,183 17,091
Pacific 43.52% 4,620 50.49% 5,360 6.87% 736 10,716
Pend Oreille 28.74% 1,934 64.99% 4,373 7.28% 495 6,802
Pierce 49.95% 172,538 42.51% 146,824 8.36% 29,123 348,485
San Juan 66.85% 7,172 25.05% 2,688 8.48% 914 10,774
Skagit 48.07% 26,690 44.55% 24,736 8.12% 4,542 55,968
Skamania 39.97% 2,232 52.44% 2,928 8.49% 479 5,639
Snohomish 54.60% 185,227 37.81% 128,255 8.38% 28,691 342,173
Spokane 41.75% 93,767 50.50% 113,435 8.82% 20,044 227,246
Stevens 25.78% 5,767 67.78% 15,161 7.71% 1,749 22,677
Thurston 53.62% 68,798 37.90% 48,624 9.26% 11,988 129,410
Wahkiakum 35.60% 832 57.51% 1,344 7.72% 182 2,358
Walla Walla 38.52% 9,694 54.24% 13,651 8.16% 2,074 25,419
Whatcom 55.47% 60,340 37.32% 40,599 7.96% 8,734 109,673
Whitman 47.66% 8,146 43.31% 7,403 10.15% 1,756 17,305
Yakima 40.61% 31,291 54.16% 41,735 6.08% 4,724 77,750

Counties that flipped from Democratic to RepublicanEdit

[18]

Counties that flipped from Republican to DemocraticEdit

By congressional districtEdit

Clinton won 7 of 10 congressional districts including one represented by a Republican.[19]

District Trump Clinton Representative
1st 38% 54% Suzan DelBene
2nd 35% 57% Rick Larsen
3rd 49% 43% Jaime Herrera Beutler
4th 58% 35% Dan Newhouse
5th 52% 39% Cathy McMorris Rodgers
6th 40% 52% Derek Kilmer
7th 12% 82% Jim McDermott
Pramila Jayapal
8th 45% 48% Dave Reichert
9th 23% 71% Adam Smith
10th 40% 51% Denny Heck

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Clinton earned 12 pledged electoral votes, but lost four to faithless electors. Three electors voted for Colin Powell for president and Elizabeth Warren, Maria Cantwell, and Susan Collins for vice president, while Robert Satiacum Jr. voted for Faith Spotted Eagle for president and Winona LaDuke for vice president.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Secretary of State: Kim Wyman. "November 8, 2016 General Election Results". www.sos.wa.gov. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  2. ^ "Washington Election Results 2016". The New York Times. 2017-08-01. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  3. ^ "Pacific County November 8, 2016 General Election". results.vote.wa.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-26.
  4. ^ Wheel, Robert. "The 2016 Streak Breakers". Center for Politics. Larry J. Sabato’s Crystal Ball. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  5. ^ a b Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  6. ^ Green Party of Washington State. "Spring Gathering 2016". Facebook.
  7. ^ "Our final map has Clinton winning with 352 electoral votes. Compare your picks with ours". Los Angeles Times. 2016-11-06. Retrieved 2016-11-13.
  8. ^ Chalian, David (November 4, 2016). "Road to 270: CNN's new election map". CNN. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  9. ^ "2016 Electoral Scorecard". The Cook Political Report. November 7, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  10. ^ "2016 Electoral Map Prediction". Electoral-vote.com. November 8, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  11. ^ "Presidential Ratings". The Rothenberg Political Report. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  12. ^ Sabato, Larry J. (November 7, 2016). "2016 President". University of Virginia Center for Politics. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  13. ^ "2016 Election Maps - Battle for White House". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved 2016-11-13.
  14. ^ "Electoral Scorecard: Map shifts again in Trump's favor, as Clinton holds edge". Fox News. 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-13.
  15. ^ "RealClearPolitics - Election 2016 - Washington: Trump vs. Clinton". www.realclearpolitics.com. Retrieved 2021-07-26.
  16. ^ "Washington Presidential Election 2016 Results LIVE Updates". Archived from the original on 2016-10-13. Retrieved 2016-10-13.
  17. ^ Federal Election Commission (December 2017). "Federal Elections 2016" (PDF). p. 43. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  18. ^ Bump, Philip. "The counties that flipped parties to swing the 2016 election". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  19. ^ Results (PDF). wei.sos.wa.gov (Report). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-06-30.

External linksEdit