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2012 World Touring Car Championship
World Drivers' Champion:
Robert Huff
World Manufacturers' Champion:
Chevrolet
Previous: 2011 Next: 2013

The 2012 World Touring Car Championship season was the ninth season of the FIA World Touring Car Championship, and the eighth since its 2005 return. The championship, which was open to Super 2000 cars,[1] began with the Race of Italy at Monza on 11 March and ended with the Guia Race of Macau at the Guia Circuit on 18 November, after twenty-four races. Robert Huff won the Drivers' Championship and Chevrolet won the Manufacturers' Championship.

Contents

Teams and driversEdit

 
Robert Huff won the Drivers' Championship
 
Yvan Muller placed third in the Drivers' Championship
 
Gabriele Tarquini placed fourth in the Drivers' Championship
 
Tom Coronel placed fifth in the Drivers' Championship

The following teams and drivers contested the 2012 FIA World Touring Car Championship.

Team Car No. Drivers Rounds
Manufacturer Teams
  Chevrolet Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T 1   Yvan Muller All
2   Robert Huff All
8   Alain Menu All
  Chevrolet Motorsport Sweden 9   Rickard Rydell 1
  Team Aviva-COFCO 32   Colin Turkington 11
  Lukoil Racing Team SEAT León WTCC 3   Gabriele Tarquini All
  Team Aon Ford Focus S2000 TC 14   James Nash All
23   Tom Chilton All
  ROAL Motorsport BMW 320 TC 15   Tom Coronel All
  Tuenti Racing Team SEAT León 2.0 TDI 18   Tiago Monteiro 1
SUNRED SR León 1.6T 2–9
  Honda Racing Team JAS Honda Civic S2000 TC 10–12
Yokohama Trophy
  Lukoil Racing Team SEAT León WTCC 4   Aleksei Dudukalo All
  Zengő Motorsport BMW 320 TC 5   Norbert Michelisz All
27   Gábor Wéber 1–2, 4–7
  Liqui Moly Team Engstler BMW 320 TC 6   Franz Engstler All
7   Charles Ng All
  bamboo-engineering Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T 11   Alex MacDowall All
12   Pasquale Di Sabatino 1–7
17   Michel Nykjær 8
20   Darryl O'Young 10–12
29   Robb Holland 9
  ROAL Motorsport BMW 320 TC 16   Alberto Cerqui 1–11
46   Kei Cozzolino 12
  Special Tuning Racing SEAT León WTCC 20   Darryl O'Young 1–9
38   René Münnich 10
22   Tom Boardman 7–12
SEAT León 2.0 TDI 2–6
  Proteam Racing BMW 320 TC 24   Isaac Tutumlu 1–3
25   Mehdi Bennani All
48   Felice Tedeschi 9
  Wiechers-Sport BMW 320 TC 26   Stefano D'Aste All
  SUNRED Engineering SEAT León 2.0 TDI 40   Andrea Barlesi 1
SUNRED SR León 1.6T 2–3
60   Hugo Valente 11
88   Fernando Monje 2
  Tuenti Racing Team SEAT León WTCC 8–12
74   Pepe Oriola All
  SEAT Swiss Racing by SUNRED 73   Fredy Barth 11–12
Asian Wild Cards
  China Dragon Racing Chevrolet Lacetti 50   Felipe De Souza 11–12
55   Célio Alves Dias 12
Chevrolet Cruze LT 51   Kin Veng Ng 11–12
  Son Veng Racing Team Honda Accord Euro R 53   Leong Ian Veng 11
  Look Fong Racing Team Chevrolet Cruze LT 54   Eric Kwong 11
  Tuenti Racing Team SUNRED SR León 1.6T 66   Andre Couto 12
80   Hiroki Yoshimoto 10
  Liqui Moly Team Engstler BMW 320si 75   Masaki Kano 10
76   Alex Liu 11
77   Jo Merszei 12
  RPM Racing Team BMW 320si 78   Mak Ka Lok 12
  Five Auto Racing Team Honda Accord Euro R 81   Eurico de Jesus 12
BMW 320si 82   Henry Ho 12
Guest Drivers
  TMS Sport Lada Granta WTCC 69   James Thompson 5, 7

Driver changesEdit

Changed Teams
Entering/Re-Entering WTCC
Leaving WTCC, excluding single-entry drivers

CalendarEdit

Each meeting consists of two races of approx 50 km each.[12]

Round Race Name Track Date
1 R1 HyFlex Race of Italy   Autodromo Nazionale Monza 11 March
R2
2 R3 interwetten.com Race of Spain   Circuit Ricardo Tormo 1 April
R4
3 R5 Race of Morocco   Marrakech Street Circuit 15 April
R6
4 R7 Race of Slovakia   Automotodróm Slovakia Ring 29 April
R8
5 R9 Race of Hungary   Hungaroring 6 May
R10
6 R11 bet-at-home.com Race of Austria   Salzburgring 20 May
R12
7 R13 Euronics Race of Portugal   Autódromo Internacional do Algarve 3 June
R14
8 R15 PDVSA Race of Brazil   Autódromo Internacional de Curitiba 22 July
R16
9 R17 Race of USA   Sonoma Raceway 23 September
R18
10 R19 JVC Kenwood Race of Japan   Suzuka Circuit 21 October
R20
11 R21 Race of China   Shanghai International Circuit 4 November
R22
12 R23 Race of Macau   Guia Circuit 18 November
R24

Calendar changesEdit

Numerous changes have been made to the 2012 calendar:[13]

Season reportEdit

Round One – ItalyEdit

Having dominated the previous season, and still being the only factory-supported team in 2012, the factory Chevrolets were expected to dominate qualifying, but instead it was Gabriele Tarquini in his Lukoil SEAT who took a surprising pole position. The leading Chevrolet of defending champion Yvan Muller was second, only six-hundredths behind Tarquini, with his teammates Robert Huff and Alain Menu on the second row. Rickard Rydell, in a one-off outing, took fifth in a fourth Chevrolet supplied by Chevrolet Motorsport Sweden. Pepe Oriola took pole in the Yokohama class by qualifying seventh.

The standing start for Race 1 saw no incidents in the first chicane, but that was not the case later in the lap as Huff and Menu touched while battling for third, and went into the gravel. Both drivers lost out, Huff dropping to sixth and Menu well outside the top ten. Tarquini and Muller soon began a battle for the lead, which eventually ended up in Muller's favour after Tarquini made a mistake on lap 4. Rydell ran third briefly, but was passed by a recovering Huff mid-race, and the Brit then passed Tarquini as the latter struggled with fading tyres. Muller started off his title defence with a win ahead of Huff, Tarquini and Rydell. Sixth place was enough for Pepe Oriola to win the Yokohama trophy.

Aleksei Dudukalo and Oriola, who were supposed to start second and fourth in the reverse-grid Race 2, both suffered problems before the race began, the former did not even start whereas the latter started from the pitlane. Norbert Michelisz led away at the start, ahead of Tom Coronel and Stefano D'Aste. The Chevrolet trio were battling for fifth at the start of lap 2 when Huff tagged Muller at the first chicane, sending him into a spin. Muller went backwards through the chicane but was able to correct it and not lose any places; Tarquini came out the big loser in this having to retire after hitting Huff. After this incident, the Chevrolets then closed in on the lead BMWs and picked them off one by one. Leader Norbert Michelisz made a better fight for his position and kept Muller at bay repeatedly until he hit a pigeon with three laps left. Michelisz lost straight-line speed as a result and was passed by Muller later that lap, Menu and Huff soon followed. The Chevrolets held station after that, with Muller making it a double, whereas Michelisz had lost so much pace that he was also passed by Stefano D'Aste who took the Yokohama trophy.

Round Two – SpainEdit

Fresh from his double victory at Monza, defending champion Yvan Muller continued his form by taking pole by a comfortable margin. Gabriele Tarquini qualified second in his SEAT, with Tom Coronel making it three manufacturers in the top three by qualifying third. Pepe Oriola was fourth and the first of the Yokohama Trophy drivers, while Muller's Chevrolet teammates Robert Huff and Alain Menu could manage only fifth and ninth respectively.

Tarquini got a better jump than Muller initially, but Muller made full use of the inside line to keep his lead at the start. Once ahead, he rapidly drove away from the field and cruised to victory, with his lead peaking at 8 seconds at one stage before he backed off at the end. Tarquini had a much harder time in second, with Coronel attacking him throughout the race, but was unable to get past and had to settle for third despite seeming to have a quicker car. Huff and Menu finished fourth and fifth, with sixth enough for Pepe Oriola to win in the Yokohama category.

In the second race, Stefano D'Aste led early on from pole. Menu, who started second briefly lost out to Franz Engstler before regaining it and then closed down D'Aste, eventually passing him just after mid-distance. Later, oil on the track at turn 10 caused chaos as the top three of Menu, D'Aste and Engstler all went off; Tom Coronel was the beneficiary and moved into second place right behind Menu. On the last lap, there was a minor collision as Coronel attempted to pass, which sent Menu into a slide but he was able to hold it and take the win. Coronel was less than a second behind in second, and D'Aste was third as well as being the Yokohama winner. Yvan Muller could manage only eighth as he also was caught out by the oil and went off track.

Round Three – MoroccoEdit

At the start of Q2, Tom Coronel set the pace in his ROAL Motorsport BMW and looked set to take pole position until the final minutes when the factory Chevrolets of Alain Menu and Robert Huff went quicker. Championship leader Yvan Muller had to settle for fourth, with the Independents category pole being taken again by Pepe Oriola. On the morning of the race, Gabriele Tarquini, who qualified fifth, had his Q2 times disallowed after his car was deemed underweight, and so would have to start 12th.

The three Chevrolet drivers led away at the start, Menu followed by Huff and Muller, and in the middle of the field, a collision between local driver Mehdi Bennani and James Nash sent the latter into the wall and brought out the safety car. Later around the lap, Coronel was tagged by Alex MacDowall and sent spinning out of the top ten, MacDowall also lost out after having to go down an escape road as a result. After the race resumed, the Chevrolets had an incident free run and took a 1–2–3 finish, Menu winning from Huff and Muller, with Pepe Oriola finishing fourth and taking his third Yokohama category win. Team Aon scored their first points as Tom Chilton finished seventh.

A quick repair job from Team Aon meant that James Nash was sent out in time to take his pole position in Race 2. The Brit led from the start, but he soon came under pressure from Franz Engstler. The Chevrolet trio of Muller, Huff and Menu were sixth, seventh and eighth at the end of the first lap, but with the long straights suiting their superior top-end speed, they were able to pick the others off one by one. By the end of lap 5, Muller was in second place behind Nash. One lap later, he had taken the lead with Huff following him through, Menu wasn't left out and took third soon after. Chevrolet took another 1–2–3 finish, in reverse order of Race One, with Muller the winner, Huff second and Menu third. Stefano D'Aste took another Yokohama trophy win by finishing fifth despite starting outside the top ten.

Round Four – SlovakiaEdit

Qualifying was full of surprises as Norbert Michelisz took pole position for Zengő Motorsport and BMW's first pole after withdrawing its full factory effort. Aleksei Dudukalo took a career-best second ahead Lukoil Racing Team teammate Gabriele Tarquini. The Chevrolet team surprisingly struggled, with Yvan Muller sixth, Robert Huff seventh and Alain Menu ninth.

Michelisz held off his pursuers at the start but was quickly under attack from the Lukoil cars of Tarquini and Dudukalo. On the third lap, Tarquini overshot his braking and bumped into the back of Michelisz, sending him wide and this allowed both Tarquini and Dudukalo to go through. Michelisz dropped down to third and suffered even more a lap later when Muller spun him round; the Frenchman was given a drive-through penalty as a result. Tarquini was able to build a gap to the rest of the field and took the first non-Chevrolet win of the season, with Dudukalo completing a Lukoil Racing 1–2 and taking the Yokohama class victory. The Russian had briefly lost second to Pepe Oriola after going off track, but regained it and the Yokohama trophy lead after the latter suffered a puncture with two laps to go. Alain Menu finished third to close the gap to Muller to nine points, while Michelisz had to make do with sixth.

The reversed top 10 grid for Race 2 saw the Chevrolets closer to the front, and Robert Huff wasted no time moving up from fourth on the grid to the lead by turn 3. He built a gap early on, before Muller moved into second and closed his teammate down. Menu moved into third before being passed by Tarquini on the third lap, and then retired with a wheel rim failure a lap later. Once clear of Menu, Tarquini then closed the gap to the leading two Chevrolets but was unable to pass Muller. Huff benefited from the presence of Tarquini as Muller was forced to defend from him, and built a gap and took his first win of the season. Tarquini hit Muller on the last lap sending him into a slide, but Muller was able to control it and stay ahead of Tarquini to the flag. Pepe Oriola made up for his Race 1 disappointment by winning the Independents class with a fifth-place finish.

Round Five – HungaryEdit

Unlike in Slovakia, Chevrolet had absolutely no problems in qualifying as they took a 1–2–3, with Yvan Muller taking pole three-tenths ahead of Robert Huff, and Alain Menu a further two-tenths back in third. The Independents category pole was taken by Mehdi Bennani who qualified fifth in the Proteam Racing BMW.

In the rolling start for Race 1, Gabriele Tarquini immediately got alongside the two Chevrolets on the front row, only to hit Huff at the first corner and damage his rear suspension, forcing him to retire and causing a chain reaction in which local driver Norbert Michelisz was pushed off. Mehdi Bennani briefly moved into second before being pushed back to fourth at turn 3 by the Chevrolets who now led 1–2–3. They quickly left the rest of the field behind and Yvan Muller took an unchallenged victory ahead of Rob Huff. Huff had to fend off a mid-race attack from Alain Menu who despite staying within a second of Huff throughout the race had to settle for third. Bennani finished fourth, over 10 seconds behind the Chevrolets, but as a comfortable winner in the Yokohama class.

It was Norbert Michelisz who got the best start from fifth on the grid in Race 2 as he quickly got alongside and then past poleman Franz Engstler to lead into turn 1. As Engstler got shuffled back into the back, Michelisz pulled out a gap on the second place battle between Pepe Oriola and Bennani, which was joined later on by Alain Menu. On lap 9, Bennani made a move on Oriola into turn 1 but this left the door open for Menu who got past both of them to move into second. Menu then began to close in on Michelisz but ran out of laps and Michelisz took the overall (and Independents) win in front of his home fans. Bennani finished third, which was his first outright podium. Rob Huff spent the whole race in traffic and finished seventh, but still gained points on Yvan Muller who ended up tenth after losing places by going off track on the last lap.

Round Six – AustriaEdit

On a circuit full of long straights, it was no surprise at all that the Chevrolet team dominated proceedings in qualifying with a 1–2–3, Robert Huff taking his first pole of the season ahead of Yvan Muller, with Alain Menu again having to make do with third. The Yokohoma category pole went to Alex MacDowall in the bamboo-engineering Chevrolet, the Brit qualifying an impressive fifth overall.

Huff led into the first corner from the rolling start but on a track where slipstreaming is paramount, had no chance of getting away from Muller and Menu. Muller especially put Huff under intense pressure for long periods of the race, using the tow to get alongside him on multiple occasions. Huff was able to hold Muller off and take his second win of the season, with Menu finishing a close third. Alex MacDowall took the win the Independents class, his first of the season after finishing in sixth place.

Aleksei Dudukalo had pole for Race 2, but it was Tom Coronel who led the early stages of the race. At the end of the first lap, Muller and Huff were seventh and eighth, but using the slipstream effect and their superior top speed, picked off the cars in front rapidly. On lap 4, Muller passed Coronel to take the lead, Huff took second a lap later and Menu who had lost out to his teammates at the start moved into third at half-distance. The second half of the race was strewn with punctures for the front-wheel drive Chevrolets and SEATs. Tiago Monteiro, Alex MacDowall and Menu all crashed out as a result of punctures, whereas Dudukalo, teammate Gabriele Tarquini and Pasquale Di Sabatino were forced to pit for new rubber. Muller and Huff had broken clear of the rest of the pack, but were then told by the team to back off and hold station. However, Muller's left front tyre punctured on the last lap with four corners left, Huff took the lead only to suffer the same fate at the last corner. Coronel in second got held up behind the slowing Chevrolet, and Stefano D'Aste swept around the outside of both Huff and Coronel to take the overall win along with the Yokohama win. Huff held off Coronel on the line to take second, and with Muller limping home in eighth place, was able to cut Muller's championship lead down to eight points.

Round Seven – PortugalEdit

Gabriele Tarquini, in his Lukoil Racing SEAT took his second pole position of the season, three-tenths ahead of championship leader Yvan Muller. Norbert Michelisz qualified in third place ahead of Robert Huff and took pole in the Independents class. Alain Menu, racing in special Vaillante colours after French comic book racer Michel Vaillant, struggled and could only manage ninth.

At the start, Muller drove around the outside of Tarquini into turn 1 and took the lead, Huff did the same to Michelisz and moved into third. Tarquini was under pressure from Huff in the early stages but held him off and valiantly stuck with Muller throughout the race. Muller won his sixth race of the year, with Tarquini and Huff both under a second behind him as they completed the podium. Michelisz finished a lonely fourth and took the Independents class win by 14 seconds. Menu fought back to fifth but as a result of Muller's win, dropped 50 points behind in the championship.

It was Pepe Oriola who had pole for Race 2, but he was jumped off the line by Menu and Tom Coronel. Menu, in Vaillante colours promptly distanced himself from the rest of the field by building up a 6-second lead within 4 laps, and took a comfortable win. Oriola passed Coronel on the third lap to claim second and stayed there for the remainder of the race, taking the Yokohama win as well as his first outright podium. Behind third-placed Coronel, a heated battle for fourth took place between Tarquini, Muller and Huff, culminating in an incident with three laps left when Tarquini tagged Huff and spun into the back of Muller, sending him off track. Huff came through to take fourth whereas Tarquini retired as a result of damage and Muller dropped to sixth before passing Alberto Cerqui to finish fifth.

Round Eight – BrazilEdit

The Chevrolets qualified 1–2–3 just like they did in the previous year's race, with championship leader Yvan Muller taking his third pole of the season ahead of Alain Menu and Robert Huff. Michel Nykjær, driving in a one-off outing in the bamboo-engineering Chevrolet qualified in fourth, only behind the factory trio and was on pole in the Independents category.

The start of Race 1 was incident free, Muller moving into the lead ahead of Menu while Huff came under attack from a fast-starting Gabriele Tarquini but held off the Italian. The three Chevrolets then left the rest of the field behind and took their sixth 1–2–3 finish of the season, with Muller taking yet another win leaving Menu to settle for second and Huff third. Nykjær, driving his first race of the season, finished fifth behind Tarquini and took the win in the Yokohama category.

For Race 2, Darryl O'Young, supposed to start fourth, had to start from the back after mechanical issues forced extended repairs on his car. Norbert Michelisz led the early stages before the safety car was called after a crash for Charles Ng. At the restart, Michelisz was passed by Gabriele Tarquini and the three Chevrolets, led by Huff. New race leader Tarquini came under attack from Huff, who got past at two-thirds distance. With Tarquini holding up his teammates, Huff was able to pull away and take his third win of the season. Menu finished second after passing Tarquini with three laps left, but the Italian was able to hold off Muller and take third. Michelisz had to make do with fifth but took the Independents class win.

Round Nine – USAEdit

At Chevrolet's home race, Alain Menu took pole position, his first since Morocco with a late qualifying lap. Gabriele Tarquini qualified second for Lukoil SEAT, two-tenths behind Menu. The other two Chevrolets of Yvan Muller and Robert Huff had to settle for third and fourth. Pole in the Yokohama category was taken by Norbert Michelisz, who qualified fifth overall.

There was minor contact between Menu and Tarquini at the second corner on the first lap in Race 1, as a result of which the latter was pushed wide and dropped down to fifth. Menu kept the lead of the race, but was quickly under pressure from Yvan Muller. The Frenchman passed Menu on lap 4 to take the lead, with Huff following him though into second. Things became worse for Menu a lap later, when he had to pit for repairs after a power steering issue and was knocked out of contention. Muller and Huff left the rest of the field behind, and Muller took his eighth win of the season ahead of Huff. Norbert Michelisz finished third behind the Chevrolets and took the Independents win.

Poleman Stefano D'Aste went off on the first lap of Race 2, and so Mehdi Bennani lead the early stages. Franz Engstler was second but he soon came under attack from Muller. On lap 4, Bennani spun off into the barriers and Engstler, having kept Muller behind him, took the lead. The battle between Engstler and Muller reached a head a lap later when Muller spun Engstler around at turn 6. Engstler rejoined at the tail of the top ten, whereas Muller led but was given a drive-through penalty. The penalty dropped Muller to the tail of the field, and Huff inherited the lead and held it for the rest of the race to win. Michelisz pressured Huff throughout the second half of the race but settled for second place and another Yokohama class win, with Gabriele Tarquini completing the podium. Muller finished out of the points, and as a result, Huff's win took him level on points with Muller with 3 rounds left. Alain Menu recovered to fourth after a poor start, which left him 48 points behind his teammates in the championship.

Round Ten – JapanEdit

Unsurprisingly, the Chevrolets set the pace in qualifying, as it swept the top three spots on the grid. Alain Menu took his second consecutive pole position, with Yvan Muller alongside on the front row and Robert Huff in third. The Yokohama category pole went to Alex MacDowall in his bamboo-engineering Chevrolet, MacDowall having qualified fourth only behind the three factory cars.

Menu led from pole at the start, and there was minor contact between Muller and Huff as they battled for second behind him. Muller came away with his second place intact. Gabriele Tarquini moved into fourth and was able to keep up with the pace of the Chevrolets early in the race, but dropped off as the race progressed. Chevrolet took another unchallenged 1–2–3, and on a track where overtaking is difficult, kept their formation at the end of the first lap as Menu won with Muller second and Huff third. MacDowall's fifth place was enough for him to take the Yokohama class win.

Once again, Stefano D'Aste had pole in the reverse grid race, and unlike at Sonoma, he kept the lead at the start. D'Aste soon came under pressure from Pepe Oriola who seemed to be faster but was unable to pass due to the nature of the track. Later in the race, D'Aste was able to pull away and take his second overall (and fifth Independents) win of the year, with Oriola second after holding off Gabriele Tarquini. The difficultly in passing also stymied the Chevrolets as they could only finish fourth, fifth and sixth. Rob Huff was the lead Chevrolet in fourth and this combined with Muller's sixth place meant that the duo left Japan tied on points.

Round Eleven – ChinaEdit

After a close qualifying session, Alain Menu took another pole position ahead of Chevrolet teammate Yvan Muller, the duo being separated by two just hundredths of a second. Norbert Michelisz, in the Zengő Motorsport BMW qualified in third and took the Independents class pole to increase his class lead. The third Chevrolet of Robert Huff had to make do with fourth on the grid.

From pole, Menu led into the first corner and Huff moved from fourth to second, whereas there was contact between Muller and Michelisz. That resulted in a domino effect and there were more incidents in the mid-pack during the third and fourth corners, which resulted in a spread out field, cars being spun to the back, and others having to pit and retire with damage. One of those was Muller, who had to retire with a broken rear suspension. Since no safety car was called, Menu and Huff were left well clear of the rest of the field and took a comfortable 1–2 for Chevrolet, Menu taking his fifth win of the season. Stefano D'Aste was another beneficiary of the first lap chaos as he moved into third and stayed there unchallenged for the duration of the race, also taking the Independents win along with it.

Tom Coronel had a clean start from pole in Race 2 and led into the first corner. There was contact behind him between Alex MacDowall and Norbert Michelisz, with both drivers going off track. Menu benefited from that to move into fourth place, ahead of his teammates, by jumping both of them on the line despite starting behind them. As the race progressed, he was able to use the straight line speed of the Chevrolet to pass the cars in front one by one, and took the lead on lap 4. Muller and Huff were not far behind and passed Coronel on the next lap to move into second and third. Muller then chased after Menu and attacked him a few laps later, but misjudged his move and hit the back of the Swiss driver sending him off the track and into a half spin. Muller himself went wide as a result, and Huff once again inherited the lead, with Menu rejoining third behind Muller. Huff went on to win, whereas Muller and Menu continued to battle for what was now second, switching places two more times with Muller ultimately taking the place. Stefano D'Aste finished fifth and took a double win the Independents class, and moved into contention for the Independents title as both Michelisz and Pepe Oriola struggled. After the race, Muller was given a thirty-second time penalty for the contact with Menu and it dropped him to thirteenth and out of the points, with Menu promoted to second and Coronel to third. As a result, Rob Huff led the championship by 35 points over Menu, and Muller in third was 41 points behind.

Round Twelve – MacauEdit

Robert Huff, arriving with the championship lead, took the 5 points for pole position and to further extend his lead. His two title rivals and Chevrolet teammates, Yvan Muller and Alain Menu qualified second and third, but Muller was seven-tenths and Menu a second slower than Huff's qualifying time. The Independents class pole was taken by bamboo-engineering's Darryl O'Young, in his home race.

In Race 1, Muller got a better start than Huff and grabbed the lead. Further down the field, there was a collision between Stefano D'Aste and Mehdi Bennani at Lisboa corner which blocked the track briefly. No safety car or red flag was called as the cars were running again quickly, but this left the top six of Muller, Huff, Menu, Gabriele Tarquini, Tiago Monteiro and Darryl O'Young half a minute clear of the rest of the field. The crash forced many cars into the pits to retire, including Norbert Michelisz, Pepe Oriola and D'Aste, the three drivers in the Independents championship battle. Despite needing only second place to seal the championship, Huff attacked Muller and passed him on lap 4. Later on the same lap however, he crashed into a barrier and damaged his suspension, forcing him into the pits for repairs. Muller reclaimed the lead but came under attack from Menu, who attempted to pass on the penultimate lap but could not. Muller held on to win and reduce the gap to Huff to 17 points, with Menu's second place leaving him 19 points behind Huff and keeping him in contention as well. Tiago Monteiro took third place, his first podium of the season and Honda's first in the championship. O'Young was the only Independent car to not lose half a minute in the track blockage on the first lap and so he cruised to his first Independent category win of the season.

The reversed grid had Alex MacDowall on pole in the second race, but he was jumped off the line by Norbert Michelisz. Behind him, Menu had a much better start than his teammates and was up to fourth, whereas Muller and Huff were seventh and eighth. MacDowall passed Michelisz for the lead at the start of the second, and the Hungarian was passed by Menu later in the same lap. MacDowall made a mistake on lap 3 and dropped to fourth behind Menu, Michelisz and Pepe Oriola, Michelisz's main rival in the Independents class. At the start of lap 4, MacDowall came under attack from Muller and made contact with the latter, spinning him into the barrier and bringing out the safety car. Huff moved into fourth ahead of Muller who had to slow to avoid the spinning MacDowall. When the race restarted, Oriola attacked Michelisz for second but outbraked himself and crashed into the back of Michelisz at Lisboa, ending with both in the barriers and out of the race, and promoting Huff to second and Muller to third. The safety car was brought out for the second and final time as there was not enough time to clear the two cars. The race finished in safety car conditions, and Chevrolet took a 1–2–3 in its final WTCC race as a manufacturer, Menu the winner ahead of Huff and Muller. Huff's second place was enough for him to secure his first drivers championship, 12 points ahead of Menu and 20 ahead of Muller. In the Independents category, with Michelisz, Oriola and MacDowall all ending up in the barriers, Darryl O'Young was left to make it a double win. Norbert Michelisz took the Independents class title despite not scoring any points in Macau, as his two main rivals Oriola and Stefano D'Aste also scored no points.

Results and standingsEdit

RacesEdit

Race Race Name Pole Position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning team Yokohama winner Report
1   Race of Italy   Gabriele Tarquini   Rickard Rydell   Yvan Muller   Chevrolet   Pepe Oriola Report
2   Robert Huff   Yvan Muller   Chevrolet   Stefano D'Aste
3   Race of Spain   Yvan Muller   Yvan Muller   Yvan Muller   Chevrolet   Pepe Oriola Report
4   Alain Menu   Alain Menu   Chevrolet   Stefano D'Aste
5   Race of Morocco   Alain Menu   Pepe Oriola   Alain Menu   Chevrolet   Pepe Oriola Report
6   Alain Menu   Yvan Muller   Chevrolet   Stefano D'Aste
7   Race of Slovakia   Norbert Michelisz   Norbert Michelisz   Gabriele Tarquini   Lukoil Racing Team   Aleksei Dudukalo Report
8   Yvan Muller   Robert Huff   Chevrolet   Pepe Oriola
9   Race of Hungary   Yvan Muller   Yvan Muller   Yvan Muller   Chevrolet   Mehdi Bennani Report
10   Norbert Michelisz   Norbert Michelisz   Zengő Motorsport   Norbert Michelisz
11   Race of Austria   Robert Huff   Yvan Muller   Robert Huff   Chevrolet   Alex MacDowall Report
12   Alain Menu   Stefano D'Aste   Wiechers-Sport   Stefano D'Aste
13   Race of Portugal   Gabriele Tarquini   Yvan Muller   Yvan Muller   Chevrolet   Norbert Michelisz Report
14   Alain Menu   Alain Menu   Chevrolet   Pepe Oriola
15   Race of Brazil   Yvan Muller   Yvan Muller   Yvan Muller   Chevrolet   Michel Nykjær Report
16   Robert Huff   Robert Huff   Chevrolet   Norbert Michelisz
17   Race of the United States   Alain Menu   Yvan Muller   Yvan Muller   Chevrolet   Norbert Michelisz Report
18   Yvan Muller   Robert Huff   Chevrolet   Norbert Michelisz
19   Race of Japan   Alain Menu   Alain Menu   Alain Menu   Chevrolet   Alex MacDowall Report
20   Pepe Oriola   Stefano D'Aste   Wiechers-Sport   Stefano D'Aste
21   Race of China   Alain Menu   Alain Menu   Alain Menu   Chevrolet   Stefano D'Aste Report
22   Robert Huff   Robert Huff   Chevrolet   Stefano D'Aste
23   Guia Race of Macau   Robert Huff   Alain Menu   Yvan Muller   Chevrolet   Darryl O'Young Report
24   Robert Huff   Alain Menu   Chevrolet   Darryl O'Young

StandingsEdit

Drivers' ChampionshipEdit

Pos. Driver ITA
 
ESP
 
MAR
 
SVK
 
HUN
 
AUT
 
POR
 
BRA
 
USA
 
JPN
 
CHN
 
MAC
 
 Pts 
1   Robert Huff 23 3 45 6 22 2 17† 1 22 7 11 2 34 4 33 1 24 1 33 4 24 1 Ret1 2 413
2   Alain Menu 74 2 5 1 11 3 3 Ret 33 2 33 Ret 5 1 22 2 181 4 11 5 11 2 23 1 401
3   Yvan Muller 12 1 11 8 34 1 10 2 11 10 22 8 12 5 11 4 13 14 22 6 Ret2 13 12 3 393
4   Gabriele Tarquini 31 Ret 22 9 11 Ret 13 3 Ret4 6 44 16 21 19† 45 3 42 3 4 3 5 6 44 20† 252
5   Tom Coronel 5 4 33 2 83 4 14 4 6 12 8 3 65 3 8 7 8 5 6 15 4 3 6 Ret 207
6   Norbert Michelisz 9 8 7 4 9 Ret 61 6 7 1 9 5 43 10 9 5 35 2 13 Ret 153 24 NC 21† 155
7   Stefano D'Aste 11 5 11 3 5 5 5 14 17 8 Ret 1 11 18 17 13 9 9 8 1 3 4 Ret 23† 144
8   Pepe Oriola 6 12 64 7 45 7 16† 5 8 4 7 4 9 2 16 17† 16† 11 7 2 22 Ret Ret 22† 131
9   Tiago Monteiro Ret 18† 9 13 NC 9 Ret5 Ret 5 5 5 Ret 7 8 Ret 9 6 6 9 10 13 10 35 4 95
10   Alex MacDowall 8 7 15 14 12 Ret 12 Ret 9 11 65 Ret 10 7 6 11 5 7 54 9 NC 17 9 Ret 68
=   Mehdi Bennani Ret 14 14 10 Ret 12 11 7 45 3 17 6 Ret Ret 12 8 11 Ret 215 7 8 5 Ret Ret 68
12   Franz Engstler 12 6 8 5 6 8 Ret 13 NC 9 11 9 12 9 15 Ret 7 10 10 11 9 15 7 6 64
13   Alberto Cerqui 10 9 13 Ret 15 Ret 4 8 13 18 13 7 8 6 NC Ret Ret 13 Ret 14 7 9 45
14   Darryl O'Young DNS DNS 10 Ret 10 10 7 9 NC 13 Ret DNS 13 13 7 Ret 14 12 11 13 Ret 12 5 5 37
15   Aleksei Dudukalo 18† Ret NC 12 16 11 22 15 14 16 19† 14 Ret 16 11 10 Ret 18 18 8 NC 11 11 7 33
16   Michel Nykjær 54 6 20
17   Tom Boardman 20 Ret 14 DNS 8 11 Ret DNS 18† DNS 14 Ret 19† 12 10 8 12 12 12 8 10 9 16
18   Colin Turkington 65 7 15
19   Rickard Rydell 45 10 14
20   James Nash 16 13 12 Ret Ret 6 Ret4 DNS 11 19† 10 10 Ret Ret 14 15 17† 17 19 16 Ret Ret 12 12 12
21   Fredy Barth 14 14 8 8 8
22   Tom Chilton 13 16 19 15 7 16† Ret 10 15 14 16 11 16 15 18 16† 12 15 15 18 11 19 13 Ret 7
23   Gábor Wéber 17† 11 17 Ret 9 Ret 10 17 15 12 Ret 12 3
24   Fernando Monje 21 18 10 14 NC Ret 14 Ret Ret 16 14 10 2
25   Charles Ng 15 Ret 18 19† Ret 13 15 DNS 16 Ret 14 13 18† 14 13 Ret 15 DSQ 22 17 10 23 Ret Ret 1
  Andre Couto 15 11 0
  Isaac Tutumlu Ret 17 16 11 Ret DNS 0
  James Thompson Ret Ret 17† 11 0
  Pasquale Di Sabatino 14 19† 22 16 17 15 13 12 12 15 12 15 15 17 0
  Andrea Barlesi Ret 15 23 17 13 14 0
  Robb Holland 13 16 0
  Jo Merszei 17 13 0
  Felipe De Souza 19 21 18† 14 0
  Célio Alves Dias 19† 15 0
  Hugo Valente 16 18 0
  Hiroki Yoshimoto 16 19 0
  Mak Ka Lok 21† 16 0
  Henry Ho 16 Ret 0
  Kin Veng Ng 20 22 Ret 17 0
  René Münnich 17 20 0
  Kelvin Leong 17 Ret 0
  Eric Kwong 18 20 0
  Eurico de Jesus Ret 18 0
  Kei Cozzolino 20† 19† 0
  Masaki Kano 20 21 0
  Alex Liu 21 25† 0
  Felice Tedeschi DNS DNS 0
Pos Driver ITA
 
ESP
 
MAR
 
SVK
 
HUN
 
AUT
 
POR
 
BRA
 
USA
 
JPN
 
CHN
 
MAC
 
 Pts 
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Withdrew (WD)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not participate (DNP)
Excluded (EX)

Bold – Pole
Italics – Fastest Lap

Championship points were awarded on the results after the second qualifying session at each event as follows:

Position[1]  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th 
Points[1] 5 4 3 2 1

Championship points were awarded on the results of each race at each event as follows:

Position[1]  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
Points[1] 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1
Notes
  • 1 2 3 4 5 refers to the classification of the drivers after the second element of qualifying, where bonus points are awarded 5–4–3–2–1 for the fastest five drivers.[1]

† — Drivers did not finish the race, but were classified as they completed over 90% of the race distance.

Manufacturers' ChampionshipEdit

 
Chevrolet won the Manufacturers' Championship
 
BMW Customer Racing Teams placed second in the Manufacturers' Championship
 
SEAT Racing Technology placed third in the Manufacturers' Championship
Pos.[16] Manufacturer[16] ITA
 
ESP
 
MAR
 
SVK
 
HUN
 
AUT
 
POR
 
BRA
 
USA
 
JPN
 
CHN
 
MAC
 
 Pts 
1   Chevrolet 12 1 11 1 11 1 34 1 11 2 11 2 12 1 11 1 11 1 11 4 11 1 11 1 1025
23 2 45 6 22 2 105 2 22 8 22 8 34 4 22 2 23 4 22 5 22 2 22 2
2   BMW Customer Racing Teams 54 4 33 2 53 4 41 4 44 1 84 1 43 3 85 5 34 2 63 1 33 3 64 6 650
9 5 7 3 65 5 5 6 65 3 9 3 65 6 9 7 7 5 85 7 44 4 75 13
3   SEAT Racing Technology 31 12 22 7 44 7 12 3 53 4 43 4 21 2 43 3 42 3 44 2 55 6 43 7 617
65 15 64 9 10 9 23 5 8 5 55 14 9 8 74 9 65 6 7 3 12 8 8 8
Pos Manufacturer ITA
 
ESP
 
MAR
 
SVK
 
HUN
 
AUT
 
POR
 
BRA
 
USA
 
JPN
 
CHN
 
MAC
 
 Pts 

Championship points were awarded on the results after the second qualifying session at each event as follows:

Position[1]  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th 
Points[1] 5 4 3 2 1

Championship points were awarded on the results of each race at each event as follows:

Position[1]  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
Points[1] 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1
Notes

Only the two best placed cars of each manufacturer earned points.[1]

  • 1 2 3 4 5 refers to the classification of the drivers after the second element of qualifying, where bonus points are awarded 5–4–3–2–1. Points were only awarded to the fastest two cars from each manufacturer.[1]

Yokohama TrophiesEdit

World Touring Car Championship promoter Eurosport Events organised the Yokohama Drivers’ Trophy and the Yokohama Teams’ Trophy within the 2012 FIA World Touring Car Championship.[17]

Yokohama Drivers' TrophyEdit
Pos Driver ITA
 
ESP
 
MAR
 
SVK
 
HUN
 
AUT
 
POR
 
BRA
 
USA
 
JPN
 
CHN
 
MAC
 
 Pts 
1   Norbert Michelisz 9 8 7 4 9 Ret 6 6 7 1 9 5 4 10 9 5 3 2 13 Ret 15 24 NC 21 139
2   Pepe Oriola 6 12 6 7 4 7 16† 5 8 4 7 4 9 2 16 17† 16† 11 7 2 22 Ret Ret 22† 126
3   Stefano D'Aste 11 5 11 3 5 5 5 14 17 8 Ret 1 11 18 18 13 9 9 8 1 3 4 Ret 23† 122
4   Franz Engstler 12 6 8 5 6 8 Ret 13 NC 9 11 9 12 9 17 Ret 7 10 10 11 9 15 7 6 114
5   Alex MacDowall 8 7 15 14 12 Ret 12 Ret 9 11 6 Ret 10 7 6 11 5 7 5 9 NC 17 9 Ret 105
6   Darryl O'Young DNS DNS 10 Ret 10 10 7 9 NC 13 Ret DNS 13 13 7 Ret 14 12 11 13 Ret 12 5 5 87
7   Mehdi Bennani Ret 14 14 10 Ret 12 11 7 4 3 17 6 Ret Ret 12 8 11 Ret 21 7 8 5 Ret Ret 73
8   Alberto Cerqui 10 9 13 Ret 15 Ret 4 8 13 18 13 7 8 6 NC Ret Ret 13 Ret 14 7 9 64
9   Aleksei Dudukalo 18† Ret NC 12 16 11 2 15 14 16 19† 14 Ret 16 11 10 Ret 18 18 8 NC 12 11 7 52
10   Tom Boardman 20 Ret 14 DNS 8 11 Ret DNS 18† DNS 14 Ret 19† 12 10 8 12 12 12 8 10 9 51
11   Fredy Barth 14 14 8 8 26
12   Michel Nykjær 5 6 20
13   Fernando Monje 21 18 10 14 NC Ret 14 Ret Ret 16 14 10 16
14   Gábor Wéber 17† 11 17 Ret 9 Ret 10 17 15 12 Ret 12 15
15   Charles Ng 15 Ret 18 19† Ret 13 15 DNS 16 Ret 14 13 18† 14 13 Ret 15 DSQ 22 17 10 23 Ret Ret 12
16   Pasquale Di Sabatino 14 19† 22 16 17 15 13 12 12 15 12 15 15 17 12
17   Jo Merszei 17 13 4
18   Isaac Tutumlu Ret 17 16 11 Ret DNS 3
19   Andrea Barlesi Ret 15 23 17 13 14 3
20   Robb Holland 13 16 2
21   Felipe De Souza 19 21 18† 14 2
22   Henry Ho 16 Ret 2
  Célio Alves Dias 19† 15 0
  Hugo Valente 16 18 0
  Hiroki Yoshimoto 16 19 0
  Mak Ka Lok 21† 16 0
  Kin Veng Ng 20 22 Ret 17 0
  René Münnich 17 20 0
  Kelvin Leong 17 Ret 0
  Eric Kwong 18 20 0
  Eurico de Jesus Ret 18 0
  Kei Cozzolino 20† 19† 0
  Masaki Kano 20 21 0
  Alex Liu 21 25† 0
  Felice Tedeschi DNS DNS 0
Pos Driver ITA
 
ESP
 
MAR
 
SVK
 
HUN
 
AUT
 
POR
 
BRA
 
USA
 
JPN
 
CHN
 
MAC
 
 Pts 
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Withdrew (WD)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not participate (DNP)
Excluded (EX)

Bold – Pole
Italics – Fastest Lap

Eligibility for the Yokohama Drivers' Trophy was decided by Eurosport Events, taking into consideration the Team's CV and records, the Driver's CV and records and the car's technical characteristics.[17]

Yokohama Teams' TrophyEdit
Pos Team ITA
 
ESP
 
MAR
 
SVK
 
HUN
 
AUT
 
POR
 
BRA
 
USA
 
JPN
 
CHN
 
MAC
 
 Pts 
1   Lukoil Racing Team 3 Ret 2 9 11 11 1 3 14 6 4 14 2 16 4 3 4 3 4 3 5 6 4 7 182
18† Ret NC 12 16 Ret 2 15 Ret 16 19† 16 Ret 19† 11 10 Ret 18 18 8 NC 12 11 20†
2   ROAL Motorsport 5 4 3 2 8 4 4 4 6 12 8 3 6 3 8 7 8 5 6 14 4 3 6 19† 178
10 9 13 Ret 15 Ret 14 8 13 18 13 7 8 6 NC Ret Ret 13 Ret 15 7 9 20† Ret
3   Tuenti Racing Team 6 12 6 7 4 7 16† 5 5 4 5 4 7 2 10 9 6 6 7 2 22 16 14 10 146
Ret 18† 9 13 NC 9 Ret Ret 8 5 7 Ret 9 8 16 14 16† 11 14 19 Ret Ret 15 11
4   bamboo-engineering 8 7 15 14 12 15 12 12 9 11 6 15 10 7 5 6 5 7 5 9 NC 12 5 5 113
14 19† 22 16 17 Ret 13 Ret 12 15 12 Ret 15 17 6 11 13 16 11 13 Ret 17 9 Ret
5   Zengő Motorsport 9 8 7 4 9 Ret 6 6 7 1 9 5 4 10 9 5 3 2 13 Ret 15 24 NC 21† 101
17† 11 17 Ret 9 Ret 10 17 15 12 Ret 12
6   Wiechers-Sport 11 5 11 3 5 5 5 14 17 8 Ret 1 11 18 17 13 9 9 8 1 3 4 Ret 23† 90
7   Liqui Moly Team Engstler 12 6 8 5 6 8 15 13 16 9 11 9 12 9 13 Ret 7 10 10 11 9 15 7 6 73
15 Ret 18 19† Ret 13 Ret Ret NC Ret 14 13 18† 14 15 Ret 15 DSQ 20 17 10 23 17 13
8   Proteam Racing Ret 14 14 10 Ret 12 11 7 4 3 17 6 Ret Ret 12 8 11 Ret 21 7 8 5 Ret Ret 47
Ret 17 16 11 Ret DNS DNS DNS
9   Special Tuning Racing DNS DNS 10 Ret 10 10 7 9 NC 13 18† DNS 13 13 7 12 10 8 12 12 12 8 10 9 39
20 Ret 14 DNS 8 11 Ret DNS Ret DNS 14 Ret 19† Ret 14 12 17 20
10   SEAT Swiss Racing by SUNRED 14 14 8 8 18
11   Team Aon 13 13 12 15 7 6 Ret 10 11 14 10 10 16 15 14 15 12 15 15 16 11 19 12 12 18
16 16 19 Ret Ret 16† Ret DNS 15 19† 16 11 Ret Ret 18 16† 17† 17 19 18 Ret Ret 13 Ret
12   Team Aviva-Cofco 6 7 9
  Sunred Engineering Ret 15 21 17 13 14 16 18 0
23 18
  China Dragon Racing 19 21 18† 14 0
20 22 19† 15
  Five Auto Racing Team 16 18 0
Ret Ret
  RPM Racing Team 21† 16 0
  Son Veng Racing Team 17 Ret 0
  Look Fong Racing Team 18 20 0
Pos Team ITA
 
ESP
 
MAR
 
SVK
 
HUN
 
AUT
 
POR
 
BRA
 
USA
 
JPN
 
CHN
 
MAC
 
 Pts 

All the teams taking part in the championship were eligible to score points towards the Yokohama Teams' Trophy, with the exception of teams which incorporated a car manufacturer's name in the team's name.[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "2012 Sporting regulations – FIA World Touring Car Championship" (PDF). fia.com. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
  2. ^ "Darryl O'Young to Join STR for 2012 WTCC". Special Tuning Racing. Tom Boardman. 29 February 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Nykjær to replace sick Di Sabatino in Brazil". bamboo-engineering. Orangebus. 19 July 2012. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  4. ^ a b "WTCC 2012 Monza Entry List" (PDF). World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. 5 March 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2012.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Hudson, Neil (6 February 2012). "Tom Boardman confirmed at STR for WTCC". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Archived from the original on 1 June 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
  6. ^ Hudson, Neil (13 January 2012). "Coronel and Cerqui for two car ROAL assault". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  7. ^ Turner, Kevin (8 February 2012). "James Nash joins the WTCC with Arena Motorsport". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  8. ^ Hudson, Neil (4 January 2012). "Arena complete shakedown with 1.6 turbo WTCC Focus". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  9. ^ "Bamboo sign MacDowall and Di Sabatino". World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Hudson, Neil (2 February 2012). "James Thompson to race for Lada Sport". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
  11. ^ Hudson, Neil (2 March 2012). "Zengõ to enter two cars for Michelisz and Wéber". TouringCarTimes. Mediaempire Stockholm AB. Retrieved 2 March 2012.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original on 16 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "World Motor Sports Council, 07/12/11". fia.com. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 7 December 2011. Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  14. ^ "Slovakia Ring replaces Argentina". World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. 6 February 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2012.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ "Portuguese switch: from Estoril to Algarve". World Touring Car Championship. Kigema Sport Organisation. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2012.
  16. ^ a b 2012 World Touring Car Championship Standings, www.fia.com as archived at www.webcitation.org on 8 December 2012
  17. ^ a b c WTCC Yokohama Trophy Regulations, www.fiawtcc.com Archived 8 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 10 December 2012

External linksEdit