1992 Summer Olympics national flag bearers

During the Parade of Nations portion of the 1992 Summer Olympics opening ceremony, athletes from each country participating in the Olympics paraded in the arena, preceded by their flag. The flag was borne by a sportsperson from that country chosen either by the National Olympic Committee or by the athletes themselves to represent their country.

Parade orderEdit

As the nation of the first modern Olympic Games, Greece entered the stadium first; whereas, the host nation Spain marched last. Other countries entered in alphabetical order in the French language, instead of both Catalan and Spanish (despite that these languages had been displayed on the name boards and used to announce the country names), due to the political sensitivity surrounding the use of Catalan. Athletes from Independent Olympic Participants did not attend the parade of nations, but still competed at the Games.[1] The Unified Team that was composed of former Soviet states, marched with Olympic flag, then followed by 12 flag bearers carrying the flags of 12 nations.[2][3]

Whilst most countries entered under their short names, a few entered under more formal or alternative names, mostly due to political and naming disputes. The Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan) entered with the compromised name and flag of "Chinese Taipei" ("Taipei chinois") under T so that they did not enter together with conflicting People's Republic of China (commonly known as China), which entered as the "People's Republic of China" ("République Populairé de Chine") under C. The Republic of the Congo entered as the "Republic of the Congo" ("République du Congo") while the Democratic Republic of Congo entered under its former name, Zaire.


The following is a list of each country's announced flag bearer. The list is sorted by the order in which each nation appears in the parade of nations. The names are given in their official designations by the IOC.

This table is sortable by country name, the flag bearer's name, and the flag bearer's sport.
Order Nation Spanish Name Catalan Name French Order Flag bearer Sport
1   Greece (GRE) Grecia Grècia Grèce Lambros Papakostas Athletics
2   Afghanistan (AFG) Afganistán Afganistan Afghanistan Coach
3   South Africa (RSA) Sudáfrica Sud-àfrica Afrique du Sud Jan Tau Athletics
4   Albania (ALB) Albania Albània Albanie Kristo Robo Shooting
5   Algeria (ALG) Argelia Algèria Algérie
6   Germany (GER) Alemania Alemanya Allemagne Manfred Klein Rowing
7   Andorra (AND) Andorra Andorra Andorre Margarida Moreno Athletics
8   Angola (ANG) Angola Angola Angola
9   Antigua and Barbuda (ANT) Antigua Antigua Antigua
10   Netherlands Antilles (AHO) Antillas Neerlandesas Antilles Neerlandeses Antilles néerlandaises Michel Daou Shooting
11   Saudi Arabia (KSA) Arabia Saudita Aràbia Saudita Arabie saoudite Medhadi Al-Dosari Cycling
12   Argentina (ARG) Argentina Argentina Argentine Marcelo Garraffo Field hockey
13   Aruba (ARU) Aruba Aruba Aruba Lucien Dirksz Cycling
14   Australia (AUS) Australia Austràlia Australie Jenny Donnet Diving
15   Austria (AUT) Austria Àustria Autriche Elisabeth Theurer Equestrian
16   Bahamas (BAH) Bahamas Bahames Bahamas Troy Kemp Athletics
17   Bahrain (BRN) Bahréin Bahrain Bahreïn Khalid Rabeeah Chef de mission
18   Bangladesh (BAN) Bangladés Bangladesh Bangladesh Mohamed Mukhesur Rahman Swimming
19   Barbados (BAR) Barbados Barbados Barbade
20   Belgium (BEL) Bélgica Bèlgica Belgique Frans Peeters Shooting
21   Belize (BIZ) Belice Belize Belize
22   Benin (BEN) Benín Benín Benin Sonya Agbéssi Athletics
23   Bermuda (BER) Bermudas Bermudes Bermudes Brian Wellman Athletics
24   Bhutan (BHU) Bután Bhutan Bhoutan Jubzang Jubzang Archery
25   Bolivia (BOL) Bolivia Bolívia Bolivie
26   Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH) Bosnia y Herzegovina Bòsnia i Hercegovina Bosnie-Herzegovine Zlatan Saračević Athletics
27   Botswana (BOT) Botsuana Botswana Botswana
28   Brazil (BRA) Brasil Brasil Brésil Aurélio Miguel Judo
29   Brunei (BRU) Brunéi Brunei Brunei
30   Bulgaria (BUL) Bulgaria Bulgària Bulgarie Ivaylo Yordanov Wrestling
31   Burkina Faso (BUR) Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Franck Zio Athletics
32   Cayman Islands (CAY) Islas Caimán Illes Caiman Îles Caïmans Byron Marsh Sailing
33   Cameroon (CMR) Camerún Kamerun Cameroun
34   Canada (CAN) Canada Canada Canada Mike Smith Athletics
35   Central African Republic (CAF) Central Africa Àfrica Central Centrafrique Mickaël Conjungo Athletics
36   Chile (CHI) Chile Xile Chili Gert Weil Athletics
37   China (CHN) República Popular China República Popular de la Xina République Populairé de Chine Song Ligang Basketball
38   Cyprus (CYP) Chipre Xipre Chypre Marios Hadjiandreou Athletics
39   Colombia (COL) Colombia Colòmbia Colombie Bernardo Tovar Shooting
40   Republic of the Congo (CGO) República del Congo República del Congo République du Congo
41   Cook Islands (COK) Islas Cook Illes Cook Îles Cook Sam Nunuke Pera Weightlifting
42   South Korea (KOR) Corea Corea Corée
43   Costa Rica (CRC) Costa Rica Costa Rica Costa Rica
44   Ivory Coast (CIV) Costa de Marfil Costa d'Ivori Côte d'Ivoire
45   Croatia (CRO) Croacia Croàcia Croatie Goran Ivanišević Tennis
46   Cuba (CUB) Cuba Cuba Cuba Héctor Milián Wrestling
47   Denmark (DEN) Dinamarca Dinamarca Danemark Jørgen Bojsen-Møller Sailing
48   Djibouti (DJI) Yibuti Djibouti Djibouti Hussein Ahmed Salah Athletics
49   Dominican Republic (DOM) República Dominicana República Dominicana République Dominicaine Altagracia Contreras Judo
50   Egypt (EGY) Republica Arabe de Egipto República Arabe d'Egipte République arabe d'Égypte Mohamed Khorshed Shooting
51   United Arab Emirates (UAE) Emiratos Arabes Unidos Emirats Àrabs Units Émirats arabes unis Mohamed Salem Al-Tunaiji Athletics
52   Ecuador (ECU) Ecuador Equador Équateur María Cangá Judo
53   Unified Team (EUN)[a] Equipo Unificado Equip Unificat Équipe Unifiée Alexander Karelin Wrestling
54   Estonia (EST) Estonia Estònia Estonie Heino Lipp Athletics (non-competitor)
55   United States (USA) Estados Unidos de América Estats Units d'Amèrica États-Unis d'Amérique Francie Larrieu Smith Athletics
56   Ethiopia (ETH) Etiopía Etiòpia Éthiopie Addis Abebe Athletics
57   Fiji (FIJ) Fiyi Fiji Fidji
58   Finland (FIN) Finlandia Finlàndia Finlande Harri Koskela Wrestling
59   France (FRA) Francia França France Jean-François Lamour Fencing
60   Gabon (GAB) Gabón Gabon Gabon
61   The Gambia (GAM) Gambia Gàmbia Gambie Dawda Jallow Athletics
62   Ghana (GHA) Ghana Ghana Ghana John Myles-Mills Athletics
63   Great Britain (GBR) Gran Bretaña Gran Bretanya Grande-Bretagne Steve Redgrave Rowing
64   Grenada (GRN) Granada Grenada Grenada Eugene Licorish Athletics
65   Guam (GUM) Guam Guam Guam Frank Flores Swimming
66   Guatemala (GUA) Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala Julio Sandoval Shooting
67   Guinea (GUI) Guinea Guinea Guinée Soryba Diakité Athletics
68   Equatorial Guinea (GEQ) Guinea Ecuatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinée équatoriale Ruth Mangue Athletics
69   Guyana (GUY) Guyana Guyana Guyana Aubrey Richmond Cycling
70   Haiti (HAI) Haití Haití Haiti Hermate Souffrant Judo
71   Honduras (HON) Honduras Hondures Honduras Ana Joselina Fortin Swimming
72   Hong Kong (HKG) Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong
73   Hungary (HUN) Hungría Hongria Hongrie Tibor Komáromi Wrestling
74   India (IND) India Índia Inde Shiny Abraham-Wilson Athletics
75   Indonesia (INA) Indonesia Indonèsia Indonésie Christian Hadinata Badminton
76   Iraq (IRQ) Irak Iraq Irak Nazar Kadir Weightlifting
77   Iran (IRI) República Islámica de Irán República Islàmica d'Iran République islamique d'Iran Alireza Soleimani Wrestling
78   Ireland (IRL) Irlanda Irlanda Irlande Michelle Smith Swimming
79   Iceland (ISL) Islandia Islàndia Islande Bjarni Friðriksson Judo
80   Israel (ISR) Israel Israel Israël Eldad Amir Sailing
81   Italy (ITA) Italia Itàlia Italie Giuseppe Abbagnale Rowing
82   Jamaica (JAM) Jamaica Jamaica Jamaïque Merlene Ottey Athletics
83   Japan (JPN) Japón Japó Japon Kumi Nakada Volleyball
84   Jordan (JOR) Jordania Jordània Jordanie Fakhredin Fouad Athletics
85   Kenya (KEN) Kenia Kenya Kenya Patrick Sang Athletics
86   Kuwait (KUW) Kuwait Kuwait Koweït
87   Laos (LAO) Laos Laos Laos Khamsavath Vilayphone Boxing
88   Lesotho (LES) Lesoto Lesotho Lesotho
89   Latvia (LAT) Letonia Letònia Lettonie Raimonds Bergmanis Weightlifting
90   Lebanon (LIB) Libano Líban Liban
91   Liberia (LBR) Liberia Libèria Liberie
92   Libya (LBA) Jamahiriya Árabe de Libia Jamahiriya Àrab de Líbia Jamahiriya arabe libyenne
93   Liechtenstein (LIE) Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Manuela Marxer Athletics
94   Lithuania (LTU) Lituania Lituània Lituanie Raimundas Mažuolis Swimming
95   Luxembourg (LUX) Luxemburgo Luxemburg Luxembourg Yves Clausse Swimming
96   Madagascar (MAD) Madagascar Madagascar Madagascar Heritovo Rakotomanga Boxing
97   Malaysia (MAS) Malaisia Malàisia Malaisie Razif Sidek Badminton
98   Malawi (MAW) Malawi Malawi Malaui
99   Maldives (MDV) Maldivas Maldives Maldives
100   Mali (MLI) Malí Mali Mali
101   Malta (MLT) Malta Malta Malte Laurie Pace Judo
102   Morocco (MAR) Marruecos Marroc Maroc Lahcen Samsam Akka Athletics (non-competitor)
103   Mauritius (MRI) Isla Mauricio Ila Maurici Île Maurice
104   Mauritania (MTN) Mauritania Mauritània Mauritanie
105   Mexico (MEX) México Mèxic Mexique Jesús Mena Diving
106   Monaco (MON) Monaco Mònaco Monaco Christophe Verdino Swimming
107   Mongolia (MGL) Mongolia Mongòlia Mongolie Badmaanyambuugiin Bat-Erdene Wrestling
108   Mozambique (MOZ) Mozambique Moçambic Mozambique
109   Myanmar (MYA) Unión de Myanmar Unió de Myanmar Union du Myanmar
110   Namibia (NAM) Namibia Namíbia Namibie Frankie Fredericks Athletics
111   Nepal (NEP) Nepal Nepal Népal
112   Nicaragua (NIC) Nicaragua Nicaragua Nicaragua Magdiel Gutiérrez Wrestling
113   Niger (NIG) Níger Níger Niger Abdou Manzo Athletics
114   Nigeria (NGR) Nigeria Nigèria Nigéria Innocent Egbunike Athletics
115   Norway (NOR) Noruega Noruega Norvège Jorunn Horgen Sailing
116   New Zealand (NZL) Nueva Zelanda Nova Zelanda Nouvelle-Zélande Mark Todd Equestrian
117   Oman (OMA) Omán Oman Oman
118   Uganda (UGA) Uganda Uganda Ouganda Fred Mutuweta Boxing
119   Pakistan (PAK) Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan Shahbaz Ahmed Field hockey
120   Panama (PAN) Panamá Panamà Panama
121   Papua New Guinea (PNG) Papúa Nueva Guinea Papua Nova Guinea Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée
122   Paraguay (PAR) Paraguay Paraguai Paraguay Ramón Jiménez Gaona Athletics
123   Netherlands (NED) Países Bajos Països Baixos Pays-Bas Carina Benninga Field hockey
124   Peru (PER) Peru Peru Pérou Francisco Boza Shooting
125   Philippines (PHI) Filipinas Filipines Philippines Arlo Chavez Boxing
126   Poland (POL) Polonia Polònia Pologne Waldemar Legień Judo
127   Puerto Rico (PUR) Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Porto Rico Luis Martínez Judo
128   Portugal (POR) Portugal Portugal Portugal Filipa Cavalleri Judo
129   Qatar (QAT) Catar Qatar Qatar
130   North Korea (PRK) República Democrática Popular de Corea República Democràtica Popular de Corea République démocratique populaire de Corée Kim Gil-nam Boxing
131   Romania (ROU) Rumania Romania Roumanie Costel Grasu Athletics
132   Rwanda (RWA) Ruanda Rwanda Rwanda Marcianne Mukamurenzi Athletics
133   San Marino (SMR) San Marino Sant Marí Saint-Marin Sara Casadei Swimming
134   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VIN) San Vicente y Granadinas Sant Vicent i Grenadines Saint-Vincent-et-Grenadines Eversley Linley Athletics
135   Solomon Islands (SOL) Islas Salomón Illes Salomó Îles Solomon Leslie Ata Weightlifting
136   El Salvador (ESA) El Salvador El Salvador Salvador María José Marenco Swimming
137   American Samoa (ASA) Samoa Americanas Samoa nord-americana Samoa américaines Mika Masoe Boxing
138   Samoa (SAM) Samoa Occidentales Samoa Occidentals Samoa occidental Emilio Leti Boxing
139   Senegal (SEN) Senegal Senegal Sénégal
140   Seychelles (SEY) Seychelles Seychelles Seychelles
141   Sierra Leone (SLE) Sierra Leona Serra Leone Sierra Leone Sanusi Turay Athletics
142   Singapore (SIN) Singapur Singapur Singapour
143   Slovenia (SLO) Eslovenia Eslovènia Slovénie Rajmond Debevec Shooting
144   Somalia (SOM) Somalia Somàlia Somalie
145   Sudan (SUD) Sudan Sudan Soudan
146   Sri Lanka (SRI) Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
147   Sweden (SWE) Suecia Suècia Suède Stefan Edberg Tennis
148   Switzerland (SUI) Suiza Suïssa Suisse Daniel Giubellini Gymnastics
149   Suriname (SUR) Surinam Surinam Suriname Tommy Asinga Athletics
150   Swaziland (SWZ) Suazilandia Swazilàndia Swaziland
151   Syria (SYR) Siria Síria Syrie
152   Chinese Taipei (TPE) Chinese Taipei Chinese Taipei Chinese Taipei Wang Kuang-shih Baseball
153   Tanzania (TAN) Tanzania Tanzània Tanzanie
154   Chad (CHA) Chad Txad Tchad
155   Czechoslovakia (TCH) República Federal Checa y Eslovaca República Federal de Txecoslovàquia République fédérale tchèque et slovaque Jozef Lohyňa Wrestling
156   Thailand (THA) Tailandia Tailàndia Thailandie
157   Togo (TOG) Togo Togo Togo
158   Tonga (TGA) Tonga Tonga Tonga
159   Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) Trinidad y Tobago Trinitat i Tobago Trinité-et-Tobago Ian Morris Athletics
160   Tunisia (TUN) Tunisia Tunísia Tunisie Fadhel Khayati Athletics
161   Turkey (TUR) Turquia Turquia Turquie Kerem Ersü Archery
162   Uruguay (URU) Uruguay Uruguai Uruguay Ricardo Fabini Sailing
163   Vanuatu (VAN) Vanuatu Vanuatu Vanuatu Baptiste Firiam Athletics
164   Venezuela (VEN) Venezuela Veneçuela Venezuela María Elena Giusti Synchronized swimming
165   Virgin Islands (ISV) Islas Virgenes Illes Verges Îles Vierges Neville Hodge Athletics
166   British Virgin Islands (IVB) Islas Virgenes Britanicas Illes Verges Britàniques Îles Vierges brittaniques Karl Scatliffe Athletics
167   Vietnam (VIE) Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
168   Yemen (YEM) Yemen Iemen Yemen
169   Zaire (ZAI) Zaire Zaire Zaïre Muyegbe Mubala Athletics
170   Zambia (ZAM) Zambia Zàmbia Zambie Ngozi Mwanamwambwa Athletics
171   Zimbabwe (ZIM) Zimbabue Zimbabwe Zimbabwe
172   Spain (ESP) España Espanya Espagne Felipe de Borbón Sailing
  1. ^ Consisted of twelve former Soviet Republics held the flags into representing athletes of those former Republics:   Armenia,   Azerbaijan,   Belarus,   Georgia,   Kazakhstan,   Kyrgyzstan,   Moldova,   Russia,   Tajikistan,   Turkmenistan,   Ukraine and   Uzbekistan.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Olympic Flag - Olympic-Legacy.com Pe04.com Archived June 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Olympics - Non-national Flags for Olympic Athletes". Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-06-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Barcelona 1992 Opening Ceremony - Parade of Nations 3/8". Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-06-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)