1992 Summer Olympics opening ceremony

The opening ceremony of the 1992 Summer Olympics took place in the evening on Saturday 25 July 1992 in the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys, Barcelona, Spain. As mandated by the Olympic Charter, the proceedings combined the formal and ceremonial opening of this international sporting event, including welcoming speeches, hoisting of the flags and the parade of athletes, with an artistic spectacle to showcase the host nation's culture and history.

1992 Summer Olympics
opening ceremony
Date25 July 1992; 28 years ago (1992-07-25)
Time20:00 - 23:08 CEST (UTC+2)
LocationEstadi Olímpic Lluís Companys, Barcelona, Spain
Coordinates41°21′53.14″N 2°9′20.37″E / 41.3647611°N 2.1556583°E / 41.3647611; 2.1556583Coordinates: 41°21′53.14″N 2°9′20.37″E / 41.3647611°N 2.1556583°E / 41.3647611; 2.1556583
Filmed byRTVE and COOB
FootageThe opening ceremony on YouTube

Greek mezzo-soprano, Agnes Baltsa, sang "Romiossini" as the Olympic flag was taken around the stadium. Alfredo Kraus later sang the Olympic Hymn in both Catalan and Spanish as the flag was hoisted. The Olympic flame cauldron was lit by a flaming arrow, shot by Paralympic archer Antonio Rebollo. The arrow had been lit by the flame of the Olympic Torch. Rebollo overshot the cauldron[1] as this was the original design of the lighting scheme.[2][3]

There were two main musical themes for the 1992 Games. One was "Barcelona", composed five years earlier by Freddie Mercury and sung as a duet with Montserrat Caballé. Due to Mercury's death eight months earlier, the duo was unable to perform the song during the opening ceremony. A recording of the song instead played over a travelogue of the city at the start of the opening ceremony.[4]

Parade of nationsEdit

Brunei participated in the Opening Ceremony, but its delegation consisted of only one official. This also occurred in the 1988 Games[5][6] Afghanistan did not send their athletes to compete, but the country took part in the Parade of Nations.[7] Liberia[8] and Somalia[9] also participated in the Opening Ceremony, but its accredited athletes (five and two, respectively) did not enter to compete.[5]


TV coverageEdit


  1. ^ Digital, La Vanguardia. "Edición del lunes, 27 julio 1992, página 36 - Hemeroteca - Lavanguardia.es".
  2. ^ "Ceremonial hall of shame". BBC News. 2000-09-15. Retrieved 2010-03-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Official Report of the 1992 Summer Olympics, Vol. 4 (LA84Foundation.org). Note p. 70 (confirming arrow lit the gas above the cauldron).
  4. ^ "Barcelona 92: inicio de la ceremonia". YouTube. Retrieved 2011-03-23. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b 1992 Olympics Official Report. Part IV (PDF). Retrieved October 24, 2012. List of participants by NOC's and sport. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Barcelona 1992 Opening Ceremony Parade of Nations 2/8 on YouTube
  7. ^ Barcelona 1992 Opening Ceremony Parade of Nations 1/8 on YouTube
  8. ^ Barcelona 1992 Opening Ceremony Parade of Nations 4/8 on YouTube
  9. ^ Barcelona 1992 Opening Ceremony Parade of Nations 6/8 on YouTube