1982 in spaceflight

The following is an outline of 1982 in spaceflight.

1982 in spaceflight
National firsts
Space traveller France
Rockets
Maiden flightsTitan 34D
RetirementsTitan IIIC
Titan IIID
Crewed flights
Orbital6
Total travellers16

LaunchesEdit

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

JanuaryEdit

7 January
15:38[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]  
  Kosmos 1331 (Strela-2M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
14 January
07:51[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]  
  Kosmos 1333 (Parus) Low Earth Communications
Navigation
In orbit Successful
16 January
01:55[1]
  Delta 3910/PAM-D   Cape Canaveral LC-17A  
  Satcom 4 Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful
21 January
19:30
 Titan III(24)B  Vandenberg SLC-4W  
 OPS 2849 (KH-852) NRO Sun-synchronous Optical imaging 23 May Successful
29 January
11:00[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]  
  Kosmos 1335 (Taifun-2) Low Earth Calibration 5 April 1987 Successful

FebruaryEdit

11 February
01:11[1]
 Tsyklon-2  Baikonur Site 90  
 Kosmos 1337 (US-PM1) Low Earth ELINT 25 July Spacecraft failure
Satellite propulsion or avionics system failed
17 February
21:56[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]  
  Kosmos 1339 (Tsikada) Low Earth Navigation in orbit? Successful
26 February
00:04:44[1]
 Delta 3910/PAM-D  Cape Canaveral LC-17A  
  Westar 4 Geostationary Communications In orbit Successful

MarchEdit

4 March   Kosmos-3M   Kapustin Yar Site 107/1[1]  
  Taifun-2 Intended: Low Earth Calibration 4 March Launch failure
5 March
00:23
 Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR  Cape Canaveral LC-36A  
 Intelsat 504 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
6 March
19:25
 Titan III(23)C  Cape Canaveral LC-40  
 OPS 8701 (DSP-10) US Air Force Geosynchronous Early warning In orbit Successful
Final flight of Titan IIIC
22 March
16:00
 Space Shuttle Columbia  Kennedy LC-39A  United Space Alliance
 STS-3 NASA Low Earth Development test flight 30 March
16:04
Successful
 Development Flight Instrumentation NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Monitor orbiter performance Successful
 OSTA-1 NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Remote sensing Successful
Crewed orbital flight with two astronauts
Only Shuttle flight to land at White Sands Space Harbor
Shuttle Imaging Radar-A (SIR-1)
24 March
19:47[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Plesetsk Site 132/1[1]  
  Kosmos 1344 (Parus) Low Earth Communications
Navigation
In orbit Successful
25 March
09:50[1]
 Tsyklon-3  Plesetsk Site 32/1[1]  
 Meteor-2 No.8 Low Earth Weather In orbit Successful
31 March
09:00[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]  
  Kosmos 1345 (Tselina-O) Low Earth ELINT 27 September 1989 Successful

AprilEdit

8 April
00:15[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]  
  Kosmos 1349 (Parus) Low Earth Communication
Navigation
In orbit Successful
10 April
06:47[1]
  Delta 3910/PAM-D   Cape Canaveral LC-17A  
  INSAT-1A ISRO Geostationary Communications In orbit Spacecraft failure
Attitude control system malfunction, ceased operations in September 1983[2]
19 April
19:45:00[1]
  Proton-K   Baikonur Site 200/40  
  Salyut 7 (DOS-6) Low Earth Space station 7 February 1991 Successful
Final space station launched as part of the Salyut programme
21 April
01:40[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Kapustin Yar Site 107/1  
  Kosmos 1351 (Taifun-2) Low Earth Calibration 14 March 1983 Successful
28 April
02:52[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Plesetsk Site 132/1[1]  
 Kosmos 1354 (Strela-2) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
29 April
09:55[1]
  Tsyklon-2   Baikonur Site 90  
  Kosmos 1355 (US-PM1) Low Earth ELINT 7 March 1984 Successful

MayEdit

6 May
18:07[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Plesetsk Site 132/2  
  Kosmos 1357 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
  Kosmos 1358 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
  Kosmos 1359 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
  Kosmos 1360 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
  Kosmos 1361 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
  Kosmos 1362 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
  Kosmos 1363 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
  Kosmos 1364 (Strela-1M) Low Earth Communications In orbit Successful
11 May
18:35
  Titan III(23)D  Vandenberg SLC-4E  
 OPS 5642 (KH-9-17) NRO Sun-synchronous Optical imaging 5 December Successful
 OPS 6553 (SSF-D) NRO Sun-synchronous ELINT In orbit Successful
13 May
09:58
 Soyuz-U  Baikonur Site 1/5  
 Soyuz T-5 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Salyut 7 EO-1 27 August
15:04
Successful
Crewed orbital flight with two cosmonauts, first mission to Salyut 7
14 May
19:39
  Tsyklon-2   Baikonur Site 90  
 Kosmos 1365 (US-A) Low Earth Radar imaging 19 October Successful
23 May
05:58
  Soyuz-U   Baikonur Site 1/5  
 Progress 13 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics 6 June
00:05
Successful

JuneEdit

1 June
04:37
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132 or LC133  
 Kosmos-1371 (875 kg) military LEO, inclination 74.0 degrees comsat in orbit? Successful
1 June
13:58
 Tsyklon-2  Baikonur LC 90  
 Kosmos-1372 (3800 kg) military LEO, inclination 65.1 degrees Reconnaissance 9 September 1982 Successful
3 June
21:30
 Kosmos-3MP  Kapustin Yar LC 107  
 BOR-4 (1074 kg) military fractional LEO, inclination 50.6 degrees Test 3 June 1982 Successful
6 June
17:10
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132 or LC133  
 Kosmos-1375 (750 kg) military LEO, inclination 65.8 degrees Anti-satellite weapon target 18 June 1982 (destroyed in orbit) Successful
9 June
00:24
 Delta 3910  Cape Canaveral LC-17A  
  Westar 5 (1108kg) Commercial GTO Communications satellite unknown Successful
10 June
17:37
 Tsyklon-3  Plesetsk LC 32  
 Kosmos-1378 (2500 kg) military LEO, inclination 82.5 degrees ELINT in orbit as in 2012 Successful
18 June
11:04
 Tsyklon-2  Baikonur LC 90  
 Kosmos-1379 (1400 kg) military LEO, inclination 65.8 degrees Anti-satellite weapon 18 June 1982, destroyed while in orbit Successful, destroyed Kosmos-1375
18 June
11:58
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132  
 Kosmos-1380 (810 kg) military LEO, inclination 82.9 degrees comsat and navigation 27 June 1982 Partial launch failure
Second stage malfunction during first burn resulted in low transfer orbit apogee. Satellite was deployed in lower than planned orbit.
24 June
16:29
 Soyuz-U  Baikonur Site 1/5  
 Soyuz T-6 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Salyut 7 EP-1 2 July
14:20
Successful
Crewed orbital flight with three cosmonauts including the first French space traveller
27 June
15:00
 Space Shuttle Columbia  Kennedy LC-39A  United Space Alliance
 STS-4 NASA Low Earth Developmental test flight 4 July
16:09
Successful
 Classified US Air Force In orbit Successful
 Getaway Special Utah State Low Earth In orbit Successful
Crewed orbital flight with two astronauts, final developmental test flight
29 June
21:45
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132  
 Kosmos-1383 (810 kg) military LEO, inclination 82.9 degrees navigation, technology in orbit? Successful

JulyEdit

7 July
09:47
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132  
 Kosmos-1386(Parus class) military LEO, inclination 83.0 degrees navigation, Communication in orbit Successful
10 July
09:57
 Soyuz-U  Baikonur  
 Progress 14 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics 13 August
01:29
Successful
16 July
17:59
 Delta 3920  Vandenberg SLC-2W  
  Landsat 4 (1972kg) Civilian SSO Satellite imagery in orbit as in 2007 Successful
21 July
06:31
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132  
 Kosmos-1388 - Kosmos 1395(Strela-1M class) military LEO, inclination 74.0 degrees Communication in orbit Successful
29 July
19:40
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132  
 Kosmos-1397(Romb class) military LEO, inclination 50.6 degrees Calibration in orbit Successful

AugustEdit

19 August
17:11
 Soyuz-U  Baikonur Site 1/5  
 Soyuz T-7 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Salyut 7 EP-2 10 December
19:02
Successful
Crewed orbital flight with three cosmonauts
26 August
23:10
 Delta 3920  Cape Canaveral LC-17A  
  Anik D1 (1238kg) Commercial GTO Communications satellite unknown Successful
30 August
10:06
 Tsyklon-2  Baikonur LC 90  
 Kosmos 1402 (3800 kg) military LEO, inclination 65.0 degrees Reconnaissance 23 January 1983 (bus), 7 February 1983 (nuclear core) Successful
30 August
unknown
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132  
 not assigned military none unknown 30 August Failure to orbit

SeptemberEdit

3 September
05:00
 N-I  Osaki LC  
 Kiku 4 (ETS 3) (385 kg) civilian LEO, inclination 44.6 degrees unknown unknown Successful
4 September
17:50
 Tsyklon-2  Baikonur LC 90  
 Kosmos 1405 (3000 kg) military LEO, inclination 65.0 degrees ELINT 5 February 1984 Successful
9 September
02:12
 Ariane 1  Kourou ELA  Arianespace
 MARECS B ESA Intended: Geosynchronous Communications 9 September Launch Failure
Sirio 2 Intended: Geosynchronous
Third stage turbopump malfunction
9 September
15:12
  Conestoga I   Matagorda Island   Space Services Inc.
  Test payload Space Services Inc. Suborbital Test flight 9 September Successful
First private rocket to reach space. Apogee: ~ 309 kilometers (192 miles)[3][4]
16 September
??:??
 Tsyklon-3  Plesetsk LC 32  
 Kosmos-1408 (2500 kg) military LEO, inclination 82.6 degrees ELINT in orbit as in 2012 Successful
18 September
04:58
 Soyuz-U  Baikonur  
 Progress 15 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics 16 October
17:06
Successful
24 September
??:??
 Tsyklon-3  Plesetsk LC 32  
 Kosmos-1410 (2200 kg) military LEO, inclination 82.6 degrees Geodesy in orbit as in 2012 Successful
28 September
23:17
 Atlas-Centaur SLV-3D  Cape Canaveral LC-36B  
 Intelsat 505 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful

OctoberEdit

2 October
??:??
 Tsyklon-2  Baikonur LC 90  
 Kosmos 1412 (3800 kg) military LEO, inclination 64.8 degrees Reconnaissance 4 December 1982 Successful
19 October
??:??
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132  
 Kosmos-1417(Parus class) military LEO, inclination 83.0 degrees navigation, Communication in orbit Successful
21 October
01:40[1]
  Kosmos-3M   Kapustin Yar LC 107  
  Kosmos 1418 (Taifun-1B class) military LEO Radar target 30 September 1983 Successful
28 October
??:??
 Delta 3924  Cape Canaveral LC-17A  
  Aurora 1 (Satcom 5) (1102kg) Commercial GTO Communications satellite unknown Successful
30 October
04:05
 Titan 34D/IUS  Cape Canaveral LC-40  
 OPS-9945 (DSCS II F-16) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
 DSCS III A-1 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of Titan 34D and Inertial Upper Stage
31 October
11:20
 Soyuz-U  Baikonur  
 Progress 16 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics 14 December
17:17
Successful

NovemberEdit

11 November
??:??
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132  
 Kosmos 1420(Strela-2 class) military LEO, inclination 74.0 degrees Communication in orbit Successful
11 November
12:19
 Space Shuttle Columbia  Kennedy LC-39A  United Space Alliance
 STS-5 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment 16 November
14:33
Successful
 SBS-3 SBS Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geosynchronous
Communications In orbit Successful
 Anik C3 Telesat Canada Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geosynchronous
Communications In orbit Successful
 Getaway Special West Germany Low Earth Microgravity research 16 November Successful
Crewed orbital flight with four astronauts; First "operational" Shuttle flight
Anik C3 retired 18 June 1997
17 November
21:22
 Titan IIID  Vandenberg SLC-4E  
 OPS-9627 (KH-11-5) NRO Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance 13 August 1985 Successful
Final flight of Titan IIID
24 November
??:??
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132  
 not assigned military none Communication 24 November Failure to orbit

DecemberEdit

21 December
02:38
 Atlas E/Star-37S-ISS  Vandenberg SLC-3W  
 DMSP 5D-2 F6 US Air Force Sun-synchronous Meteorology In orbit Successful
29 December
??:??
 Kosmos-3M  Plesetsk LC132  
 Kosmos 1427(Tafun-1B class) military LEO, inclination 65.8 degrees Radar target 5 October 1989 Successful

Deep-space rendezvousEdit

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
1 March Venera 13 landed on Venus
5 March Venera 14 landed on Venus
30 March ISEE-3/ICE 1st flyby of the Moon Closest approach: 19,570 kilometres (12,160 mi)
23 April ISEE-3/ICE 2nd flyby of the Moon Closest approach: 21,137 kilometres (13,134 mi)
27 September ISEE-3/ICE 3rd flyby of the Moon Closest approach: 22,790 kilometres (14,160 mi)

EVAsEdit

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
30 July
02:39
2 hours
33 minutes
05:12 Salyut 7 EO-1  Anatoly Berezovoy
 Valentin Lebedev
Performing the first EVA from Salyut 7, Lebedev anchored himself with a foot restraint, while Berezovoy assisted from the hatch. After collecting and placing samples on the exterior surface of the spacecraft, Lebedev tested methods for assembly and disassembly work in space, including the Istok panel experiment of turning bolts with a special wrench.

ReferencesEdit

Generic references:
  Spaceflight portal
  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
  2. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Insat 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  3. ^ "The launch of Conestoga 1". Space Services Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Matagorda Island". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 10 February 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2015.