1964 Pondicherry Legislative Assembly election
Elections to the Legislative Assembly of the Indian Union Territory of Pondicherry took place on 23 August 1964 to constitute the Second Assembly of Pondicherry. These were the first Legislative Assembly elections after the formation of the new Union Territory. The elections marked the end of the rule of Edouard Goubert in Pondicherry.
All 30 seats to the Puducherry Legislative Assembly
16 seats needed for a majority
The outgoing Legislative Assembly had 39 members (out of whom 25 belonged to the Indian National Congress, 11 to the People's Front (Makkaḷ Munnaṇi (Tamil:மக்கள் முன்னணி)), 1 to the Praja Socialist Party and 2 independents).
As per The Union Territories Act, 1963, thirty members would be elected through direct suffrage. Before the Elections to the Pondicherry Legislative Assembly were held in August 1964, the constituencies were delimited by the Delimitation Commission (as per Delimitation Commission Act, 1962) and the entire territory was divided into 30 single-member constituencies-21 for Pondicherry region, 6 for Karaikal region, 2 for Mahe region and 1 for Yanam region. Out of these 5 seats were reserved for Scheduled Castes, four in Pondicherry region and one in Karaikal region.:965
In the run-up to the election, there was dissent within the local unit of the Indian National Congress over the nomination of candidates. Until these polls Édouard Goubert had maintained control over the local Congress Party apparatus. Goubert had been pro-colonialist who had switched sides just as French power ended in Pondicherry. He had survived politically through political intrigues and maintaining the image that he could keep the communists from seizing power in the Union Territory. Now a group led by V. Venkatasubha Reddiar challenged his hegemony. Reddiar had been the Minister of Planning in the Pondicherry cabinet since 1954, and enjoyed the support by a sector of contractors and bootleggers. K. Kamaraj, the president of the Congress Party in the Madras State, was called on to heal the split. The Madras State Minister for Industries R. Venkataraman (acting on behalf of the All India Congress Committee) was assigned the task to ensure that the party was reunited for the polls. The AICC wholeheartedly sided with Reddiar. Effectively Goubert's group was marginalised in the process. The Congress Party contested all 30 seat in the election. However, Goubert organised some of his sympathizers to contest as independents. In total there were 38 independent candidates, including Goubert's followers.
Apart from the intra-Congress conflict, the main contender was the communist-led People's Front. The People's Front contested 17 out of the 30 seats.
The Congress Party candidates obtained 91,338 votes (54.3%), the People's Front 30,495 votes (18.2%) and independents gathered 46,218 votes (27.58%). One candidate, Kamishetty Sri Parasurama Vara Prasada Rao Naidu (Congress), was elected unopposed from the Yanam constituency. 17 out of the 22 Congress candidates elected belonged to the Reddiar group, the remaining five were part of the Goubert group. Another three pro-Goubert independents were elected.
Reddiar himself won the Nettapacom seat with 4,965 votes (83.54% of the votes in the constituency). Goubert won the Raj Nivas seat, with 2,722 votes (78.47%) A fourth independent (unaffiliated with Goubert) also emerged victorious. Four People's Front candidates were elected, a result which was seen as a backlash for the communists. Amongst the elected People's Front members was V. Subbiah, who won the Modeliarpeth seat with 3,878 votes (51.80%).
The results of 1964 election were summarized below:38
|Parties and Coalitions||Won||Votes||Vote %||Change|
|Indian National Congress||22[note 1]||91,338||54.3||1|
List of winnersEdit
|1||Muthialpet||None||P. Shanmugham||Indian National Congress|
|2||Couroussoucoupom||None||Padmini Chandrasekar||Indian National Congress|
|3||Cassicade||None||A.S. Kankeyan||Indian National Congress|
|4||Raj Nivas||None||Édouard Goubert||Indian National Congress|
|5||Bussy (Street)||None||C.M. Achraff||Independent|
|6||Oupalom||None||G. Perumal Raja||Independent|
|7||Nellithope||None||N. Ranganathan||People's Front|
|8||Mudaliarpeth||None||V. Kailasa Subbiah||People's Front|
|9||Ariancoupom||None||P. Rathinavelu||Indian National Congress|
|11||Bahour||SC||C. Thangavelu||People's Front|
|12||Netapacom||None||Venkatasubba Reddy||Indian National Congress|
|13||Tiroubouvane||SC||R. Kulandai||Indian National Congress|
|14||Mannadipet||None||Manickavasaga Reddiar||Indian National Congress|
|15||Oussoudou||SC||N. Harikrishnan||Indian National Congress|
|16||Villenour||None||Thillai Kanakarasu||Indian National Congress|
|17||Embalam||SC||P. Angammal||Indian National Congress|
|18||Oulgaret||None||S. Govindasamy||Indian National Congress|
|19||Calapeth||None||Jeevarathina Udayar||Indian National Congress|
|20||Poudoussaram||None||N. Gurusamy||People's Front|
|21||Cotchery||SC||G. Nagarajan||Indian National Congress|
|22||Karaikal North||None||Farook Maricar||Indian National Congress|
|23||Karaikal South||None||Mohamed Ibrahim Maricar||independents|
|24||Neravy||None||Nagamuttou Pillai||Indian National Congress|
|25||Grand Aldee||None||Subarayalu||Indian National Congress|
|26||Tirounallar||None||V.M.C. Varadha Pillai||Indian National Congress|
|27||Nedoungadu||None||P. Shanmugham||Indian National Congress|
|28||Mahe||None||Valavil Keshavan||Indian National Congress|
|29||Palloor||None||Vanmeri Nadeyi Purushothaman||Indian National Congress|
|30||Yanam||None||Kamichetty Sri Parasurama Varaprasada Rao Naidu[note 2]||Indian National Congress|
Election of CMEdit
A meeting of the members of Pondicherry Congress Legislature Party to elect its new Leader was held on 31 August 1964. R. Venkatraman, then Minister of Industries, Madras was presentin the meeting as Observer of the AICC. VenkataSubba Reddiar elected was unanimously elected Leader.:37
New assembly and cabinetEdit
After the election the Congress Party formed a four-member cabinet led by Reddiar. Likewise Reddiar was elected, unanimously, as the leader of the Congress Legislature Party in the new assembly.
- Rahman, S. A. The Beautiful India. Pondicherry. New Delhi: Reference Press, 2006. pp. 138–139
- Das, Manoj. Pondicherry. New Delhi: Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India, 1976. p. 20
- Seminar on State Politics in India, Iqbal Narain, D. B. Mathur, and Sushil Kumar. State Politics in India. Meerut: Meenakshi Prakashan, 1967. pp. 534–535
- Report of the General Secretary. Indian National Congress. All India Congress Committee. 1965. p. 59
- Current Events Year Book. "Current Events" Publication Dept., 1966. p. 386
- Grover, Verinder, and Ranjana Arora. Encyclopaedia of India and Her States. Vol. 10. New Delhi [India]: Deep & Deep, 1996. p. 11
- Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 1964 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF PONDICHERRY Archived 27 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- "Cabinet Responsibility to Legislature". G. C. Malhotra. Lok Sabha Secretariat. 2004.
- "The Story of Congress Pilgrimage: 1964-1970". A.M.Zaidi. Indian Institute of Applied Political Research, New Delhi. 1990.
- One candidate elected uncontested
- i.e. Elected uncontested