1864 in archaeology.
- A carving on mammoth ivory of a woolly mammoth is found by Édouard Lartet in Abri de la Madeleine cave in France, the first widely accepted evidence for the coexistence of humans with extinct prehistoric animals and the first contemporary depiction of such a creature known to modern science.
- Approximate date - Vénus impudique, the first Paleolithic sculptural representation of a woman discovered in modern times, is found by Paul Hurault, 8th Marquis de Vibraye, at Laugerie-Basse, one of the Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley in southwestern France.
- John Evans - The Coins of the Ancient Britons
- William Collings Lukis - "Danish Cromlechs and Burial Customs compared with those of Brittany, the Channel Islands, and Great Britain". The Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine 8: pp. 145–69.
- Henry Christy publishes the first results of his joint explorations with Édouard Lartet of caves in the valley of the Vézère, in southern France.
- Édouard Lartet - Revue archéologique.
- Stead, I. M. (1979). Arras Culture. York: Yorkshire Philosophical Society. ISBN 0902357034.
- Lister, A.; Bahn, P. (2007). Mammoths – Giants of the Ice Age (3rd ed.). London: Frances Lincoln. pp. 116–117. ISBN 978-0-520-26160-0. OCLC 30155747.
- Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences 29 February 1864; Transactions of the Ethnological Society of London 21 June 1864.
- Harrison, W. J. (2004). "Christy, Henry (1810–1865)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5375. Retrieved 2011-05-05. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)