1856 United States presidential election in New York

The 1856 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 4, 1856, as part of the 1856 United States presidential election. Voters chose 35 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

1856 United States presidential election in New York

← 1852 November 4, 1856 1860 →
Turnout89.9%[1] Increase 5.2 pp
  John Charles Fremont crop.jpg James Buchanan (cropped).jpg Fillmore (cropped).jpg
Nominee John C. Frémont James Buchanan Millard Fillmore
Party Republican Democratic Know Nothing
Home state California Pennsylvania New York
Running mate William L. Dayton John C. Breckinridge Andrew J. Donelson
Electoral vote 35 0 0
Popular vote 276,004 195,878 124,604
Percentage 46.27% 32.84% 20.89%

New York Presidential Election Results 1856.svg
County Results

President before election

Franklin Pierce
Democratic

Elected President

James Buchanan
Democratic

New York was won by California Senator John C. Frémont (RCalifornia), running with former Senator William L. Dayton (New Jersey), with 46.27% of the popular vote, against Senator James Buchanan (DPennsylvania), running with Representative and future presidential candidate in the 1860 presidential election John C. Breckinridge, with 32.84% of the popular vote and the 13th president of the United States Millard Fillmore (ANew York), running with the 2nd U.S. Ambassador to Germany Andrew Jackson Donelson, with 20.89% of the popular vote.[2]

James Buchanan went on to win the presidential election but this election would end the Democratic Party's support from New York which they won five out of seven times since 1828 and for the next 12 years a Democrat would not win New York until Horatio Seymour's narrow victory in 1868.

Frémont's victory in the state made him the first Republican presidential candidate to win New York as well as the first one to win the state without winning the election. The other 2 Republican presidential candidates to win New York without winning the election were Charles Evans Hughes in 1916 and Thomas E. Dewey in 1948. It was also the first time since voting for DeWitt Clinton in 1812 that New York backed a losing presidential candidate. This remains the only presidential election in history where New York voted Republican while neighboring Pennsylvania voted Democratic.

ResultsEdit

1856 United States presidential election in New York[3]
Party Candidate Running mate Popular vote Electoral vote
Count % Count %
Republican John C. Frémont of California William L. Dayton of New Jersey 276,004 46.27% 35 100.00%
Democratic James Buchanan of Pennsylvania John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky 195,878 32.84% 0 0.00%
Know Nothing Millard Fillmore of New York Andrew Jackson Donelson of Tennessee 124,604 20.89% 0 0.00%
Total 596,486 100.00% 35 100.00%

Results by CountyEdit

County Fremont[4] Buchanan Fillmore
Votes # Votes % Votes # Votes % Votes # Votes % Total Votes
Albany 5016 27.76% 7751 42.90% 5,300 29.34% 18067
Allegany 6545 72.39% 1640 18.14% 856 9.47% 9041
Broome 4297 59.73% 2106 29.27% 791 11.00% 7194
Cattaraugus 5166 65.25% 1773 22.39% 978 12.35% 7917
Cayuga 7035 65.28% 1818 16.87% 1923 17.85% 10776
Chautauqua 7037 64.55% 1847 16.94% 2017 18.50% 10901
Chemung 2664 51.04% 1789 34.28% 766 14.68% 5219
Chenango 5458 61.09% 2406 26.93% 1070 11.98% 8934
Clinton 2659 43.56% 2134 34.96% 1311 21.48% 6104
Columbia 3818 43.29% 3020 34.24% 1981 22.46% 8819
Cortland 3596 66.53% 1181 21.85% 628 11.62% 5405
Delaware 4367 51.48% 2107 24.84% 2009 23.68% 8483
Dutchess 5512 47.67% 4039 34.93% 2013 17.41% 11564
Erie 6902 34.58% 7536 37.76% 5520 27.66% 19958
Essex 2904 57.70% 1173 23.31% 956 18.99% 5033
Franklin 1469 34.86% 1600 37.97% 1145 27.17% 4214
Fulton 2593 51.85% 1374 27.47% 1034 20.68% 5001
Genesee 3620 58.82% 1434 23.30% 1100 17.87% 6154
Greene 2164 35.81% 2346 38.82% 1533 25.37% 6043
Hamilton 149 28.88% 250 48.45% 117 22.67% 516
Herkimer 5074 63.79% 1650 20.74% 1230 15.46% 7954
Jefferson 8249 64.43% 3496 27.31% 1058 8.26% 12803
Kings 7846 25.58% 14174 46.22% 8647 28.20% 30667
Lewis 3124 67.10% 1114 23.93% 418 8.98% 4656
Livingston 3597 49.76% 1652 22.86% 1979 27.38% 7228
Madison 6312 69.84% 1861 20.59% 865 9.57% 9038
Monroe 7584 49.45% 4683 30.53% 3070 20.02% 15337
Montgomery 3076 49.03% 1485 23.67% 1713 27.30% 6274
New York 17771 22.32% 41913 52.65% 19922 25.03% 79606
Niagara 3906 50.37% 1864 24.04% 1985 25.60% 7755
Oneida 11174 58.32% 6386 33.33% 1601 8.36% 19161
Onondaga 10071 62.86% 4227 26.38% 1724 10.76% 16022
Ontario 4551 54.29% 1642 19.59% 2189 26.12% 8382
Orange 4274 41.12% 3948 37.98% 2172 20.90% 10394
Orleans 3088 55.62% 1052 18.95% 1412 25.43% 5552
Oswego 8246 62.93% 3683 28.11% 1175 8.97% 13104
Otsego 6373 56.92% 3595 32.11% 1229 10.98% 11197
Putnam 963 37.94% 1096 43.18% 479 18.87% 2538
Queens 1886 27.73% 2394 35.20% 2521 37.07% 6801
Rensselaer 5153 36.50% 4415 31.28% 4548 32.22% 14116
Richmond 736 22.77% 1550 47.96% 946 29.27% 3232
Rockland 668 21.34% 1526 48.74% 937 29.93% 3131
St. Lawrence 9698 74.71% 1950 15.02% 1332 10.26% 12980
Saratoga 4524 47.37% 2446 25.61% 2581 27.02% 9551
Schenectady 1714 46.15% 787 21.19% 1213 32.66% 3714
Schoharie 2376 34.72% 2837 41.46% 1630 23.82% 6843
Schuyler 2542 63.81% 981 24.62% 461 11.57% 3984
Seneca 2163 42.81% 1625 32.16% 1265 25.03% 5053
Steuben 7270 58.06% 3217 25.69% 2034 16.24% 12521
Suffolk 2393 37.29% 2045 31.86% 1980 30.85% 6418
Sullivan 1690 31.83% 1583 29.81% 2037 38.36% 5310
Tioga 3331 56.27% 2154 36.39% 435 7.35% 5920
Tompkins 4019 58.09% 1430 20.67% 1470 21.25% 6919
Ulster 2932 25.14% 4030 34.55% 4703 40.32% 11665
Warren 2202 55.85% 1006 25.51% 735 18.64% 3943
Washington 5174 59.79% 1632 18.86% 1848 21.35% 8654
Wayne 5776 62.63% 1999 21.67% 1448 15.70% 9223
Westchester 4450 35.06% 4600 36.25% 3641 28.69% 12691
Wyoming 4066 62.10% 1911 29.18% 571 8.72% 6548
Yates 2994 70.28% 915 21.48% 351 8.24% 4260

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bicentennial Edition: Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, part 2, p. 1072.
  2. ^ "1856 Presidential Election Results New York".
  3. ^ "1856 Presidential General Election Results - New York".
  4. ^ "County Project (WIP)". Google Docs. Retrieved 2021-11-17.