1855 in art
Events from the year 1855 in art.
- July 3 – John Everett Millais and Effie Gray marry.
- May 15–November 15 – Exposition Universelle in Paris, including a salon for art. Gustave Courbet, having had several of his paintings rejected, including the monumental The Painter's Studio (L'Atelier du peintre, "a real allegory summing up seven years of my artistic and moral life"), exhibits in a temporary Pavillon du Réalisme adjacent to the official show, creating both public outrage and artistic admiration.
- Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres exhibits Venus Anadyomene, which has taken him forty years to complete.
- William Bell Scott begins painting murals of Northumbrian history at Wallington Hall.
- The Bavarian National Museum is founded by King Maximilian II of Bavaria.
- Rosa Bonheur – The Horse Fair (1853–55; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
- Joanna Mary Boyce – Elgiva
- Ford Madox Brown – The Last of England
- Philip Hermogenes Calderon – Lord, Thy Will Be Done
- Théodore Chassériau – Macbeth and Banquo Meeting the Witches on the Heath
- Gustave Courbet – The Artist's Studio (L‘Atelier du Peintre): A Real Allegory of a Seven Year Phase in my Artistic and Moral Life (Musée d'Orsay, Paris)
- Edgar Degas – Self-portrait
- Johan Fredrik Höckert – Gudstjänst i Lövmokks fjällkapell
- Paul Huet – The Flood of Saint-Cloud
- George Inness – The Lackawanna Valley
- Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann – Double portrait of the Brothers Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
- Frederic Leighton – Cimabue's Celebrated Madonna (1853-55)
- John Everett Millais – The Rescue
- Élias Robert with Georges Diebolt – France crowning Art and Industry (sculpture for Palais de l'Industrie at Exposition Universelle in Paris)
- José Rodrigues – O Pobre Rabequista
- Ary Scheffer – Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta Appraised by Dante and Virgil (Louvre version)
- Rebecca Solomon – The Story of Balaclava, wherein he spoke of the most disastrous chances
- Carl Wahlbom – Death of King Gustav II Adolf at the Battle of Lützen (1632)
- Franz Xaver Winterhalter – The Empress Eugénie Surrounded by her Ladies in Waiting
- January 4 – Jean Baptiste Guth, French watercolor portraitist (died 1922)
- January 31 – Karl Uchermann, Norwegian canine painter (died 1940)
- February 11 – Ellen Day Hale, American painter and printmaker (died 1940)
- February 25 – Frederick McCubbin, Australian painter of the Heidelberg School (died 1917)
- March 22 – Dorothy Tennant, English painter (died 1926)
- May 1 – Cecilia Beaux, American portrait painter (died 1942)
- July 30 – James E. Kelly, American sculptor and illustrator (died 1933)
- September 8 – William Friese-Greene, English photographer and cinematographer (died 1921)
- Willis E. Davis, American landscape painter (suicide 1910)
- William John Wainwright, English painter (died 1931)
- January 19 – Jean-Baptiste Paulin Guérin, French painter (born 1783)
- March 3 – Copley Fielding, painter (born 1787)
- March 20 – Eugénie Charen, French painter (born 1786)
- April 18 – Jean-Baptiste Isabey, painter (born 1767)
- June 9 – Piotr Michałowski, Polish portrait painter (born 1800)
- June 10 – Jacques-Jean Barre, French engraver and designer of French medals, the Great Seal of France, bank notes and postage stamps (born 1793)
- June 24 – Edward Williams, landscape painter (born 1782)
- August 18 – Amasa Hewins – American portrait, genre, and landscape painter (born 1795)
- September 16 – Benedetto Pistrucci, engraver (born 1783)
- October 21 – Henry Pierce Bone, English enamel painter (born 1779)
- November 3 – François Rude, sculptor (born 1784)
- date unknown
- Dimitrije Avramović, Serbian painter (born 1815).
- Angelus de Baets, Belgian painter of portraits and architectural subjects (born 1793)
- Giovanni Paolo Lasinio, Italian engraver (born 1796)
- Johann Georg Primavesi, German etcher and painter, primarily of landscapes (born 1774)
- Wendela Gustafva Sparre, Swedish textile artist and member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Art (born 1772)
- Maxim Vorobiev, Russian Romantic landscape painter (born 1787)
- James, William, ed. (1947). The Order of Release: the story of John Ruskin, Effie Gray and John Everett Millais told for the first time in their unpublished letters. London: John Murray.
- Batchelor, John (2004). "Scott, William Bell (1811–1890)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24938. Retrieved 2012-06-13. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Amasa Hewins (1931). Hewins's journal: A Boston portrait-painter visits Italy; the journal of Amasa Hewins, 1830-1833. The Boston Athenæum. p. xviii.
- Frederik A. van Braam (1980). World Collectors Annuary. Brouwer. p. 72.