1833 in the United States
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Events from the year 1833 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Jackson (D-Tennessee)
- Vice President: vacant (until March 4), Martin Van Buren (D-New York) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Andrew Stevenson (D-Virginia)
- Congress: 22nd (until March 4), 23rd (starting March 4)
- January 1 – Haverford College, located in Haverford, Pennsylvania, is founded by Quakers of the Society of Friends.
- March 2 – President Andrew Jackson signs the Force Bill, which authorizes him to use troops to enforce Federal law in South Carolina.
- March 4 – Andrew Jackson is sworn in for his second term as President of the United States, and Martin Van Buren is sworn in as Vice President of the United States.
- March 16 – Parley's Magazine, a periodical for young readers, publishes its first issue in Boston.
- May 11 – French-American farmhand Antoine le Blanc murders family of three.
- June 6 – Andrew Jackson becomes the first U.S. President to ride a railroad train.
- July 29 – Old State Bank erected in Decatur, Alabama.
- August 12 – The city of Chicago is established at the estuary of the Chicago River by 350 settlers.
- August 20 – Future President of the United States Benjamin Harrison is born in Ohio. From this date until the death of former U.S. President James Madison on June 28, 1836, there are a total of 18 living Presidents of the United States (2 former, 1 current, and 15 known future); more than any other time period in U.S. history.
- September 2 – Oberlin College is founded in Oberlin, Ohio by John Shipherd and Philo P. Stewart.
- November 12–13 – Stars Fell on Alabama: A spectacular occurrence of the Leonid meteor shower is observed in Alabama.
- November 24 – Psi Upsilon is founded at Union College, becoming the fifth fraternity in the United States.
- Nullification Crisis (1832–1833)
- January 2 – Frederick A. Johnson, politician (died 1893)
- January 18 – Joseph S. Skerrett, admiral (died 1893)
- February 6 – J. E. B. Stuart, United States Army officer; Confederate States Army general in the American Civil War (died 1864)
- February 11 – Melville Fuller, 8th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (died 1910)
- March 9 – Thomas W. Osborn, U.S. Senator from Florida from 1868 to 1873 (died 1898)
- March 14 – Lucy Hobbs Taylor, dentist (died 1910)
- March 17 – Charles Edwin Wilbour, Egyptologist (died 1896)
- May 27 – Hester Martha Poole, writer, poet and art critic (died 1932)
- June 10 – Pauline Cushman, born Harriet Wood, actress and Union spy in the American Civil War (died 1893)
- June 19 – Mary Tenney Gray, editorial writer, club-woman, philanthropist and suffragette (died 1904)
- August 7 – Powell Clayton, U.S. Senator from Arkansas from 1868 to 1871 (died 1914)
- August 12
- August 16 – Eliza Ann Otis, poet, newspaper publisher and philanthropist (died 1904)
- August 20 – Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States from 1889 to 1893 (died 1901)
- September 21 – James Harvey, U.S. Senator from Kansas from 1833 to 1873 (died 1894)
- October 2 – William Corby, Catholic priest (died 1897)
- October 8 – Edmund Clarence Stedman, poet, critic, essayist, banker and scientist (died 1908)
- November 2 – Horace Howard Furness, Shakespearean scholar (died 1912)
- November 12 – John Martin, U.S. Senator from Kansas from 1893 to 1895 (died 1913)
- November 13 – Edwin Booth, tragic actor (died 1893)
- December 6 – John S. Mosby, Confederate army cavalry battalion commander in the American Civil War (died 1916)
- December 20 – Samuel Mudd, physician implicated in John Wilkes Booth's assassination of Abraham Lincoln in 1865 (died 1883)
- December 29 – John James Ingalls, U.S. Senator from Kansas from 1873 to 1891 (died 1900)
- January 17 – William Rush, sculptor (born 1756)
- May 19 – Josiah S. Johnston, U.S. Senator from Louisiana from 1824 to 1833 (born 1784)
- May 23 – Francesca Anna Canfield, poet and translator (born 1803)
- May 24 – John Randolph, planter and congressman, U.S. senator from Virginia from 1825 to 1827 (born 1773)
- June 1 – Oliver Wolcott Jr., 2nd U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (born 1760)
- July 12 – Samuel Sterett, politician (born 1758)
- July 20 – Ninian Edwards, politician, Governor of and Senator from Illinois (born 1775)
- July 27 – William Bainbridge, United States Navy officer (born 1774)
- September 28 – Lemuel Haynes, clergyman and veteran of the American Revolution (born 1753)
- "Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States : from George Washington 1789 to George Bush 1989". avalon.law.yale.edu. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Martinelli, Patricia A. (2007). True Crime, New Jersey: The State's Most Notorious Criminal Cases. Stackpole Books. pp. 7–8. ISBN 9780811734288.
- Media related to 1833 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons