1809 in Scotland
Events from the year 1809 in Scotland.
|See also:||List of years in Scotland|
Timeline of Scottish history
1809 in: The UK • Wales • Ireland • Elsewhere
- c. April – the General Association of Operative Weavers is formed.
- May – a construction railway at the site of Bell Rock Lighthouse is completed.
- August – Crinan Canal declared "finally complete".
- 16 August – Meikle Ferry disaster: An overloaded ferry crossing the Dornoch Firth to Tain market sinks, drowning 99.
- November – Thomas Telford certifies completion of his Dunkeld-Birnam bridge. His bridges at Ballater and Conon Bridge are also completed this year.
- 11 November – the North British and Mercantile Insurance company commences business as a fire insurance office in Edinburgh.
- 9 December – the Dumfries Courier is established as a weekly newspaper in Annan by Rev. Dr. Henry Duncan as The Dumfries and Galloway Courier.
- Highland Clearances – first commissioner for clearance of the Leveson-Gower family estates in Scotland for sheep farming, William Young, is appointed.
- The Tally Toor, a Martello tower, is erected off Leith.
- A bridge over the River Cart is washed away in a flood.
- Blackie and Son, publishers, are established in Glasgow by John Blackie as Blackie, Fullarton and Company.
- The Scottish Bible Society is established as the Edinburgh Bible Society, a missionary organization, by Christopher Anderson.
- The Caledonian Horticultural Society is established in Edinburgh.
- Arthur Edmondston's A View of the Ancient and Present State of the Zetland Islands is published.
- 16 February – John Laing, bibliographer and Free Church minister (died 1880)
- 20 April – James David Forbes, physicist, glaciologist and seismologist (died 1868 in Bristol)
- 7 June – William Forbes Skene, historian (died 1892)
- 22 August – John Hill Burton, historian (died 1881)
- 27 August – John West, pioneer of food canning (died 1888 in the United States)
- 8 September – Robert Reid Kalley, physician and Presbyterian missionary to the lusophone countries (died 1888)
- 21 October – John Stenhouse, chemist (died 1880 in London)
- 24 October – John Barr, poet (died 1889 in New Zealand)
- 29 December – William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (born in Liverpool; died 1898 in Wales)
- Alexander Allan, locomotive engineer (died 1891 in England)
- Archibald Campbell, born Douglas, laird (died 1868)
- 14 January – Robert Anstruther, British Army general (born 1768; died on active service at Corunna)
- 16 January – John Moore, British Army general (born 1761; killed in Battle of Corunna)
- 24 January – James Duff, 2nd Earl Fife (born 1729; died in London)
- 25 February – John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, colonial governor (born 1730; died in Ramsgate)
- 10 May – Andrew Bell, engraver, co-founder of the Encyclopædia Britannica (born 1726)
- 3 August – Andrew Mackay, mathematician (born 1760; died in London)
- 29 August – Robert Melvill, British Army general and antiquary (born 1723)
- 8 October – James Elphinston, philologist (born 1721; died in London)
- 18 December – Alexander Adam, classical scholar (born 1741)
- Sir William Douglas, 1st Baronet, landowner and industrialist
- Timeline of Glasgow history.
- Taylor, David (April 2007). "Bell Rock Lighthouse". Bellrock.org.uk. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- Lindsay, Jean (1968). The Canals of Scotland. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 124. ISBN 0-7153-4240-1.
- "Disasters". Society. Am Baile. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Telford's Bridge". Dunkeld & Birnam Tourist Association. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "North British and Mercantile Insurance Co Ltd". Aviva. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- Duncan, George John C. (1848). Memoir of the Rev. Henry Duncan, D.D., Minister of Ruthwell, Founder of Savings Banks, Author of Sacred Philosophy of the Seasons, &c., &c. Edinburgh; London: W. Oliphant Hamilton, Adams. p. 77.
- "The Martello Tower". History of Leith. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "White Cart Bridge". Secret Scotland. 30 March 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2014.