Events from the year 1726 in Scotland.
|See also:||List of years in Scotland|
Timeline of Scottish history
1726 in: Great Britain • Wales • Elsewhere
- Secretary of State for Scotland: vacant
- Lord Advocate – Duncan Forbes
- Solicitor General for Scotland – John Sinclair, jointly with Charles Erskine
- 25 May – Britain's first circulating library is opened in Edinburgh by poet and bookseller Allan Ramsay.
- 23 June – professional Irish swordsman Andrew Bryan is defeated in a public duel in Edinburgh by 62-year-old Killiecrankie veteran Donald Bane "to the great joy of the Edinburgh citizenry".
- General George Wade begins an 11-year program of road improvement and bridge building in Scotland.
- A faculty of medicine is formally established at the University of Edinburgh, a predecessor of the University of Edinburgh Medical School. John Rutherford becomes Professor of Practice of Medicine.
- 17 January – Hugh Mercer, soldier and physician (died 1777 of wounds received at the Battle of Princeton)
- 6 February – Patrick Russell, surgeon and herpetologist (died 1805 in London)
- 3 June – James Hutton, geologist (died 1797)
- 26 September – John H. D. Anderson, scientist (died 1796)
- Andrew Bell, engraver, co-founder of the Encyclopædia Britannica (died 1809)
- Thomas Melvill, natural philosopher (died 1753)
- 8 July – John Ker, spy (born 1673)
- August – Colonel John Stewart (of Livingstone), former Member of Parliament for the Kirkcudbright Stewartry, killed by Sir Gilbert Eliott, 3rd Baronet, of Stobs
- Robert Dundas, Lord Arniston, judge
- James Thomson begins publication of his poem cycle The Seasons with "Winter".
- ^ Altick, Richard D. (1957). The English Common Reader. University of Chicago Press.
- ^ "Chronology of Scottish History". A Timeline of Scottish History. Rampant Scotland. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- ^ "Notable Dates in History". The Scots Independent. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 212–213. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.