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The Dornoch Firth (Scottish Gaelic: Caolas Dhòrnaich, pronounced [ˈkɯːl̪ˠəs̪ ˈɣɔːrˠn̪ˠɪç]) is a firth on the east coast of Highland, in northern Scotland.[3][4] It forms part of the boundary between Ross and Cromarty, to the south, and Sutherland, to the north. The firth is designated as a national scenic area,[5] one of 40 such areas in Scotland.[6] The national scenic area covers 15,782 ha in total, of which 4,240 ha is the marine area of the firth below low tide.[1] A review of the national scenic areas by Scottish Natural Heritage in 2010 commented:

Dornoch Firth National Scenic Area
Shoreline looking across Dornoch Firth - geograph.org.uk - 687442.jpg
Shoreline looking across Dornoch Firth
Map showing the location of Dornoch Firth National Scenic Area
Map showing the location of Dornoch Firth National Scenic Area
Location in Highland.
LocationHighland, Scotland
Coordinates57°51′N 4°03′W / 57.850°N 4.050°W / 57.850; -4.050Coordinates: 57°51′N 4°03′W / 57.850°N 4.050°W / 57.850; -4.050
Area40 km2 (15 sq mi)[1]
Established1981
Governing bodyScottish Natural Heritage
Official nameDornoch Firth and Loch Fleet
Designated24 March 1997
Reference no.897[2]

By comparison with other east coast firths the Dornoch Firth is narrow and sinuous, yet it exhibits within its compass a surprising variety of landscapes. It is enclosed by abrupt rounded granitic hills clad in heather moor and scree, their Gaelic names of cnoc, meall and creag giving the clue to their character. Their lower slopes are frequently wooded, oakwoods being a noticeable feature of the area, but with other deciduous and coniferous species represented in plantations which vary from the policy plantings of Skibo Castle to the pines of the Struie Forest.

— SNH[7]

Together with Loch Fleet it is a designated as a Special Protection Area (SPA) for wildlife conservation purposes. Additionally, together with Morrich More, it has the designation of Special Area of Conservation (SAC).[8]

The total SPA hosts significant populations of the following birds:[9]

The SAC protects a variety of habitats, including salt meadows and coastal dune heathland and grassland. The site is of importance for otters (Lutra lutra) and harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) [10]

Crossing the firthEdit

 
Dornoch Firth Bridge (west side, 2006)

In 1991, the firth was bridged, the new Dornoch Firth Bridge providing a shorter route on the A9 road between Inverness and Thurso; until then traffic had to go by way of Bonar Bridge at the head of the inlet. There were proposals that the bridge should be constructed so as to allow the Far North railway line to also benefit from the shorter route, with the potential for up to 30 minutes to be saved on the journey between Inverness and Thurso/Wick. However this part of the scheme failed to secure government funding, and so only a road bridge was built.[11]

On 16 August 1809 the firth was the scene of the Meikle Ferry disaster when an over-laden ferryboat sank with the loss of 99 lives.[12][13][14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "National Scenic Areas - Maps". SNH. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2018-02-28.
  2. ^ "Dornoch Firth and Loch Fleet". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 21 Dornoch & Alness (Invergordon & Tain) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2014. ISBN 9780319231098.
  4. ^ "Ordnance Survey: 1:50,000 Scale Gazetteer" (csv (download)). www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  5. ^ "National Dornoch Firth National Scenic Area Map" (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  6. ^ "National Scenic Areas". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  7. ^ "The special qualities of the National Scenic Areas. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No.374'" (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. 2010. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  8. ^ "Site Details for Dornoch Firth and Loch Fleet". Scottish Natural Heritage. 2018-02-01. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  9. ^ "Site Details for Dornoch Firth and Morrich More". Scottish Natural Heritage. 2018-02-01. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  10. ^ "A Better Railway for the North". Caithness.org. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  11. ^ "School project commemorates Meikle Ferry Disaster". northern-times.co.uk. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  12. ^ "Historylinks Museum, Dornoch". historylinks.org.uk. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  13. ^ "The Northern Highlands in the Nineteenth Century - No. III". electricscotland.com. Retrieved 14 January 2017.

External linksEdit