12th Parliament of Upper Canada

The 12th Parliament of Upper Canada was opened 15 January 1835. Elections in Upper Canada had been held in October 1834. All sessions were held at York, Upper Canada. This parliament was dissolved 28 May 1836 by the new Lieutenant Governor, Sir Francis Bond Head. Head ordered a new election because the House of Assembly, dominated by reformers, had refused to pass any new money bills. The assembly also labelled Head a deceitful tyrant after he had invoked his right to consult them (the representatives of the people) only on certain specific matters. It was succeeded by the 13th Parliament of Upper Canada in November 1836.

The 12th Parliament had two sessions: 15 January, 1835 to 16 April, 1835, and 14 January, 1836 to 20 April, 1836.[1]

Both the House and Parliament sat at the third Parliament Buildings of Upper Canada.

Sessions[1] Start End
1st 15 January 1835 16 April 1835
2nd 14 January 1836 20 April 1836
Riding Member
Brockville David Jones
Carleton Edward Malloch
Carleton John Bower Lewis
Cornwall Archibald McLean – Speaker 1836
Dundas Peter Shaver
Dundas John Cook
Durham George Strange Boulton
Durham John Brown
Essex Francis Xavier Caldwell
Essex John Alexander Wilkinson
Frontenac Jacob Shibley
Frontenac John Strange
Glengarry Donald Macdonell
Glengarry Alexander Chisholm
Grenville Hiram Norton
Grenville William Benjamin Wells
Haldimand William Hamilton Merritt (Nov 1832)
Halton Caleb Hopkins
Halton James Durand, Jr.
Hamilton Allan Napier MacNab
Hastings Henry W. Yager
Hastings James Hunter Samson[2]
Huron[3] Robert Graham Dunlop (July 1835)
Kent William McCrae
Kent Nathan Cornwall
Kingston Christopher Alexander Hagerman
Lanark William Morris[4]
Alexander Thom
Lanark Josias Tayler
Leeds Ogle Robert Gowan[5]
William Buell (Apr 1836)
Leeds Robert Sympson Jameson[5]
Matthew M. Howard (Apr 1836)
Lennox & Addington Marshall Spring Bidwell – Speaker 1835
Lennox & Addington Peter Perry
1st Lincoln County Dennis Woolverton
2nd Lincoln George Rykert
3rd Lincoln John Johnston Lefferty[6]
David Thorburn (Feb 1835)
4th Lincoln Gilbert McMicking
Middlesex Thomas Parke
Middlesex Elias Moore
Niagara (town) Charles Richardson
Norfolk Francis Leigh Walsh
Norfolk David Duncombe
Northumberland Alexander McDonell
Northumberland John Gilchrist
Oxford Charles Duncombe
Oxford Robert Alway
Prescott Alexander MacDonell of Greenfield[7]
John Chesser (Apr 1835)
Prescott Charles Waters
Prince Edward John Philip Roblin
Prince Edward James Wilson
Russell Thomas McKay
Simcoe William Benjamin Robinson
Simcoe Samuel Lount
Stormont William Bruce
Stormont Donald Aeneas MacDonell
Toronto James Edward Small
Wentworth Harmannus Smith
Wentworth Jacob Rymal
1st York David Gibson
2nd York William Lyon Mackenzie[8]
3rd York Thomas David Morrison
4th York John McIntosh

See also



  1. ^ a b Archives of Ontario [1] Archived 11 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ died while still in office on 27 March 1836 and was not replaced.
  3. ^ a separate riding was created for Huron in 1835.
  4. ^ became a member of the Legislative Council in January 1836; Alexander Thom was elected in a by-election held in February 1836.
  5. ^ a b Ogle Gowan and Robert Jameson were elected but the election was declared invalid due to violence at the polls; William Buell and Mathew Howard were elected in a by-election.
  6. ^ election was overturned on appeal and David Thorburn was declared elected.
  7. ^ died on 16 February 1835 and was replaced by John Chesser.
  8. ^ fled to US 1837-1849

Further reading

  • Handbook of Upper Canadian Chronology, Frederick H. Armstrong, Toronto : Dundurn Press, 1985. ISBN 0-919670-92-X