York County, Ontario
York County is a historic county in Upper Canada, Canada West, and the Canadian province of Ontario. It was organized by the Upper Canada administration from the lands of the Toronto Purchase and others.
(Restructured as regional municipality)
York County c. 1880s (1851-1953 boundaries)
|Incorporated||1792 (created from Home District)|
|Dissolved||1971 (reorganized into the Regional Municipality of York)|
|• Total||2,392.17 km2 (923.62 sq mi)|
|The following figure was the size of the county from 1851 to 1953|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern)|
Created in 1792, at its largest size, it encompassed the area that presently comprises the City of Toronto, the regional municipalities of Halton, Peel, and York as well as portions of Regional Municipality of Durham and the City of Hamilton. However by 1851, York County only consisted of the areas presently comprising Toronto and Regional Municipality of York. In 1953, York County was split again, with the area south of Steeles Avenue forming the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto.
York County was formally dissolved in 1971, with its remaining municipalities reorganized as the Regional Municipality of York.
York County was created on 16 June 1792 and was part of the jurisdiction of the Home District of Upper Canada. It originally comprised all of what is now the City of Toronto, the regional municipalities of Halton, Peel, and York as well as portions of the Regional Municipality of Durham, and the City of Hamilton. The town of York, later incorporated as the City of Toronto in 1834, served as the initial seat for the county.
In 1816, Wentworth and Halton counties were created, with portions of York County transferred to the new counties. In 1851, the western portions of York County were separated to form Peel County. In the same year, the eastern riding of York County was separated from York to form Ontario County.
In April 1953 the Metropolitan Toronto Act was passed in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. This saw municipalities south of Steeles Avenue severed from York County and forming the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto. As a result of this separation, the county offices for York County were moved from Toronto to Newmarket. The Act went into effect on 1 January 1954.
At a meeting in Richmond Hill on 6 May 1970, officials representing the municipalities of York County approved plans for the creation of a regional government entity to replace York County. In 1971, the remaining portion of York County was dissolved by restructuring it into the Regional Municipality of York.
The following table is a list of historic municipalities that were at one point situated within York County.
The seat of government for York County was situated in Toronto (named York prior to 1834) from 1792 to 1953. After the creation of Metropolitan Toronto in 1953, the seat of government for York County was moved to Newmarket.
Offices used by York County included:
- The type of municipality displayed is from the year the municipality was severed from York County, not its present type
- In 1971, York County was dissolved, and reorganized into the Regional Municipality of York.
- The City of Toronto is a single-tier municipality, and does not form a part of an upper-tier municipality. The single-tier municipality was formed when Metropolitan Toronto was dissolved in 1998, and its lower-tier municipalities were amalgamated into the new City of Toronto.
- Middleton, Jesse Edgar; Landon, Fred (1927). Province of Ontario — A History 1615 to 1927. Toronto: Dominion Publishing Company.
- Boylen, J.C. (1954). York Township: An Historical Summary 1850-1954. Toronto: Municipal Corporation of the Township of York and the Board of Education of the Township of York.
- Sawdon, Herb H. (1961). The Woodbridge Story. pp. 13–14.