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York County, Ontario

York County is a historic county in Upper Canada, Canada West, and the Canadian province of Ontario. It was organized by the Upper Canada administration from the lands of the Toronto Purchase and others.

York County
Dissolved county
York County c. 1880s
York County c. 1880s
CountryCanada
ProvinceOntario
Incorporated1792 (created from Home District)
Dissolved1971 (reorganized into the Regional Municipality of York)
County seat
Administrative seat
Area
 • Total2,392.17 km2 (923.62 sq mi)
 The following figure was the size of the county from 1851 to 1953
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)

Created in 1792, at its largest size, it encompassed the area that presently comprises the City of Toronto, the regional municipalities of Halton, Peel, and York as well as portions of Regional Municipality of Durham (East Riding of York County) and the City of Hamilton (Gore District, Upper Canada). However by 1851, York County only consisted of the areas presently comprising Toronto and Regional Municipality of York. In 1953, York County was split again, with the area south of Steeles Avenue forming the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto.

York County was formally dissolved in 1971, with its remaining municipalities forming the Regional Municipality of York.

HistoryEdit

York County was created on 16 June 1792[1] and was part of the jurisdiction of the Home District of Upper Canada. It originally comprised all of what is now the City of Toronto, the regional municipalities of Halton, Peel, and York as well as portions of the Regional Municipality of Durham and the City of Hamilton. The town of York, later incorporated as the City of Toronto in 1834, served as the initial seat for the county.

In 1816, Wentworth and Halton counties were created, with portions of York County transferred to the new counties. In 1851, the western portions of York County was separated to form Peel County. In the same year, the eastern portions of York County were separated to form Ontario County.

In April 1953 the Metropolitan Toronto Act was passed in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. This saw municipalities south of Steeles Avenue severed from York County and forming the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto. As a result of this separation, the county offices for York County were moved from Toronto to Newmarket. The Act went into effect on 1 January 1954.

At a meeting in Richmond Hill on 6 May 1970, officials representing the municipalities of York County approved plans for the creation of a regional government entity to replace York County.[2] In 1971, the remaining portion of York County was dissolved, and replaced by the Regional Municipality of York.

Historic municipalitiesEdit

The following table is a list of historic municipalities that were at one point situated within York County.

Type of municipality[note 1] Name of municipality Year severed from York County Present municipality Present upper-tier government
Township Albion 1851 Town of Caledon Peel Region
Town Aurora 1971[note 2] Town of Aurora York Region
Township Caledon 1851 Town of Caledon Peel Region
Township Chinguacousy 1851 City of Brampton
Town of Caledon
Peel Region
Township East Gwillimbury 1971[note 2] Town of East Gwillimbury York Region
Township East York 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Township Etobicoke 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Village Forest Hill 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Township Georgina 1971[note 2] Town of Georgina York Region
Township King 1971[note 2] Township of King York Region
Town Leaside 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Village Long Branch 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Village Markham 1971[note 2] City of Markham York Region
Town Mimico 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Town New Toronto 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Township Nelson 1816 City of Burlington Halton Region
Town Newmarket 1971[note 2] Town of Newmarket York Region
Township North Gwillimbury 1971[note 2] Town of Georgina York Region
Township North York 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Village Oshawa 1851 City of Oshawa Durham Region
Township Pickering 1851 City of Pickering Durham Region
City Richmond Hill 1971[note 2] City of Richmond Hill York Region
Township Scarborough 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Village Stouffville 1971[note 2] Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville York Region
Village Swansea 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Township Thorah 1851 Township of Brock Durham Region
City Toronto 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Township Toronto 1851 City of Mississauga Peel Region
Township Toronto Gore 1851 City of Brampton
City of Mississauga
Peel Region
Township Trafalgar 1816 Town of Oakville Halton Region
Township Uxbridge 1851 Township of Uxbridge Durham Region
Township Vaughan 1971[note 2] City of Vaughan York Region
Town Weston 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]
Township Whitby 1851 Town of Whitby Durham Region
Township Whitchurch 1971[note 2] Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville York Region
Township York 1954 City of Toronto[note 3]

GovernanceEdit

The seat of government for York County was situated in Toronto (named York prior to 1834) from 1792 to 1953. After the creation of Metropolitan Toronto in 1953, the seat of government for York County was moved to Newmarket.

County officesEdit

Offices used by York County included:

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The type of municipality displayed is from the year the municipality was severed from York County, not its present type
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k In 1971, York County was dissolved, and reorganized into the Regional Municipality of York.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m The City of Toronto is a single-tier municipality, and does not form a part of an upper-tier municipality. The single-tier municipality was formed when Metropolitan Toronto was dissolved in 1998, and its lower-tier municipalities were amalgamated into the new City of Toronto.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "York's first major overhaul since 1850". The Era. 13 May 1970. p. 17. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  2. ^ Lott, John (13 May 1970). "Approval, relief first reactions of politicians". The Era. pp. 1, 2. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  • Middleton, Jesse Edgar; Landon, Fred (1927). Province of Ontario — A History 1615 to 1927. Toronto: Dominion Publishing Company.
  • Boylen, J.C. (1954). York Township: An Historical Summary 1850-1954. Toronto: Municipal Corporation of the Township of York and the Board of Education of the Township of York.
  • Sawdon, Herb H. (1961). The Woodbridge Story. pp. 13–14.

Coordinates: 43°51′25″N 79°25′23″W / 43.857°N 79.423°W / 43.857; -79.423