Northumberland County is an upper-tier level of municipal government situated on the north shore of Lake Ontario, east of Toronto in Central Ontario. The Northumberland County headquarters are located in Cobourg.
|County of Northumberland|
|Provinces and territories of Canada||Ontario|
|• Type||Upper tier municipal government|
|• Total||1,905.15 km2 (735.58 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−05:00 (EDT)|
Northumberland County consists of seven municipalities (in population order):
- Town of Cobourg
- Municipality of Port Hope - originally part of Durham County
- Municipality (town) of Trent Hills
- Municipality (town) of Brighton
- Township of Hamilton
- Township of Alnwick/Haldimand
- Township of Cramahe
The Alderville First Nation is within the Northumberland census division but is independent of county administration.
The numbers below are for the Northumberland census division and combine Northumberland County and the Alderville First Nation reserve.
|Population||85,598 (4.2% from 2011)||82,126 (1.4% from 2006)||80,963 (4.5% from 2001)|
|Land area||1,905.15 km2 (735.58 sq mi)||1,905.34 km2 (735.66 sq mi)||1,902.97 km2 (734.74 sq mi)|
|Population density||44.9/km2 (116/sq mi)||43.1/km2 (112/sq mi)||42.5/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Median age||51.4 (M: 50.3, F: 52.4)||44.8 (M: 44.0, F: 45.6)|
|Total private dwellings||39,032||37,226||35,069|
|Median household income||$70,208|
1996 population adjusted to 2001 boundaries
Together with Durham County, it formed the Newcastle District from 1802 to 1849 and the United Counties of Northumberland and Durham from 1850 to 1973. Effective January 1, 1974, part of Durham County was merged with Ontario County to create the Regional Municipality of Durham. At that time, Northumberland reverted to a standalone county.
It was first aggressively settled by United Empire Loyalists fleeing the former 13 British American Colonies in the late 18th century. The Crown provided plots to the settlers for nominal sums (with the stipulation of making the land productive in a set number of years) or free to those who had served against the American Colonial Army. Following the War of 1812, many port towns, Port Hope and Cobourg in particular, became important centres for commercial activity and a landing point for European immigrants arriving on steamers.
There are two provincial parks in Northumberland County: Presqu'ile Provincial Park in Brighton, and Ferris Provincial Park in Campbellford. There are also several other protected natural areas and forests, including Ganaraska Forest, Northumberland County Forest, Goodrich-Loomis Conservation Area, and Peter’s Woods. Waterfront campsites and cottages are located along Lake Ontario and Rice Lake.
Northumberland County has various cycling, hiking and other outdoor trails. The Waterfront Trail along Lake Ontario passes through Northumberland County, as does the Trans-Canada Trail. The Northumberland portion of the Trans-Canada Trail spans from Hastings to Hoard’s Station in Campbellford, following an abandoned rail line. Halfway through Campbellford, the trail joins the 6 km long Rotary Trail situated alongside the Trent River. There are five signed bike routes: Glorious Ganaraska, Rice Lake Ramble, Shelter Valley, Presqu’ile Promise and Trent River Truckin'. The Northumberland County Forest offers various trails available for hiking, cycling, horseback riding, ATVing, off-road motorcycling, cross-country skiing, snowmobiling, snowshoeing as well as a 3.2 km, accessible Universal Trail. The Ganaraska Hiking Trail starts in Port Hope and goes north towards the Bruce Trail.
There are three theatres in Northumberland County: Westben in Campbellford, the Capitol Theatre in Port Hope, and the Park Theatre & Performing Arts Centre in Cobourg. Festivals in Northumberland include the Warkworth Maple Syrup and Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny festivals in early spring, the Cobourg Sandcastle Festival and Incredible Edibles Festival in the summer, and the Cultivate Food and Vintage Film Festivals in the fall.
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Northumberland, County". Statistics Canada. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- Restructured municipalities - Ontario map #5 (Map). Restructuring Maps of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2006. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-08-05.
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011
- "Northumberland County census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-22.
- "Provincial Park Locator". Ontario Parks. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Ganaraska Forest". Ganaraska Conservation. Ganaraska Region Conservation Authority. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Interactive Map". Waterfront Trail. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Explore The Map". The Great Trail. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Cycling Routes and Trails". Northumberland Tourism. 2018-05-03. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
- "Forest Trails". northumberlandcounty.ca. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
- "Universal Trail". northumberlandcounty.ca. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
- "Trail Sections". Ganaraska Hiking Trail. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Arts and Culture". Northumberland Arts and Culture. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
- "Northumberland Festivals | NorthumberlandNews.com". www.northumberlandnews.com. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
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