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(163243) 2002 FB3, provisional designation 2002 FB3, is a stony asteroid on an eccentric orbit, classified as near-Earth object and potentially hazardous asteroid of the Athen group, approximately 1.6 kilometers (1 mile) in diameter. It was discovered on 18 March 2002, by astronomers with the Lincoln Near-Earth Asteroid Research at the Lincoln Laboratory's Experimental Test Site near Socorro, New Mexico, in the United States.[1] The Q-type asteroid has a rotation period of 6.2 hours.[3]

(163243) 2002 FB3
Discovery [1]
Discovered byLINEAR
Discovery siteLincoln Lab's ETS
Discovery date18 March 2002
Designations
MPC designation(163243) 2002 FB3
2002 FB3
Aten · NEO · PHA[1][2]
Orbital characteristics[2]
Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc16.07 yr (5,869 d)
Aphelion1.2198 AU
Perihelion0.3033 AU
0.7616 AU
Eccentricity0.6017
243 days
150.26°
1° 28m 58.8s / day
Inclination20.278°
203.60°
148.31°
Earth MOID0.0034 AU (1.3246 LD)
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
1.49 km (calculated)[3]
1.552±0.013 km[4]
1.663±0.285 km[5]
1.682±0.013 km[6]
6.231±0.001 h[7]
0.1426±0.1478[5]
0.172±0.041[6]
0.202±0.046[4]
0.20 (assumed)[3]
Q[3][8]
16.4[2][4]
16.50[3][5]

Contents

Orbit and classificationEdit

2002 FB3 is a member of the Athen group of asteroids. It orbits the Sun at a distance of 0.3–1.2 AU once every 8 months (243 days; semi-major axis of 0.76 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.60 and an inclination of 20° with respect to the ecliptic.[2] The body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Socorro.[1]

Close approachesEdit

The asteroid has an Earth minimum orbital intersection distance of 0.0034 AU (509,000 km; 316,000 mi), which corresponds to 1.3 lunar distances and makes it a potentially hazardous asteroid due to its sufficiently large size.[2]

History of close approaches of large near-Earth objects since 1908 (A)
PHA Date Approach distance (lunar dist.) Abs.
mag

(H)
Diameter (C)
(m)
Ref (D)
Nomi-
nal(B)
Mini-
mum
Maxi-
mum
(33342) 1998 WT24 1908-12-16 3.542 3.537 3.547 17.9 556–1795 data
(458732) 2011 MD5 1918-09-17 0.911 0.909 0.913 17.9 556–1795 data
(7482) 1994 PC1 1933-01-17 2.927 2.927 2.928 16.8 749–1357 data
69230 Hermes 1937-10-30 1.926 1.926 1.927 17.5 668–2158 data
69230 Hermes 1942-04-26 1.651 1.651 1.651 17.5 668–2158 data
(137108) 1999 AN10 1946-08-07 2.432 2.429 2.435 17.9 556–1795 data
(33342) 1998 WT24 1956-12-16 3.523 3.523 3.523 17.9 556–1795 data
(163243) 2002 FB3 1961-04-12 4.903 4.900 4.906 16.4 1669–1695 data
(192642) 1999 RD32 1969-08-27 3.627 3.625 3.630 16.3 1161–3750 data
(143651) 2003 QO104 1981-05-18 2.761 2.760 2.761 16.0 1333–4306 data
2017 CH1 1992-06-05 4.691 3.391 6.037 17.9 556–1795 data
(170086) 2002 XR14 1995-06-24 4.259 4.259 4.260 18.0 531–1714 data
(33342) 1998 WT24 2001-12-16 4.859 4.859 4.859 17.9 556–1795 data
4179 Toutatis 2004-09-29 4.031 4.031 4.031 15.30 2440–2450 data
2014 JO25 2017-04-19 4.573 4.573 4.573 17.8 582–1879 data
(137108) 1999 AN10 2027-08-07 1.014 1.010 1.019 17.9 556–1795 data
(35396) 1997 XF11 2028-10-26 2.417 2.417 2.418 16.9 881–2845 data
(154276) 2002 SY50 2071-10-30 3.415 3.412 3.418 17.6 714–1406 data
(164121) 2003 YT1 2073-04-29 4.409 4.409 4.409 16.2 1167–2267 data
(385343) 2002 LV 2076-08-04 4.184 4.183 4.185 16.6 1011–3266 data
(52768) 1998 OR2 2079-04-16 4.611 4.611 4.612 15.8 1462–4721 data
(33342) 1998 WT24 2099-12-18 4.919 4.919 4.919 17.9 556–1795 data
(85182) 1991 AQ 2130-01-27 4.140 4.139 4.141 17.1 1100 data
314082 Dryope 2186-07-16 3.709 2.996 4.786 17.5 668–2158 data
(137126) 1999 CF9 2192-08-21 4.970 4.967 4.973 18.0 531–1714 data
(290772) 2005 VC 2198-05-05 1.951 1.791 2.134 17.6 638–2061 data
(A) List includes near-Earth approaches of less than 5 lunar distances (LD) of objects with H brighter than 18.
(B) Nominal geocentric distance from the Earth's center to the object's center (earth radius≈6400 km).
(C) Diameter: estimated, theoretical mean-diameter based on H and albedo range between X and Y.
(D) Reference: data source from the JPL SBDB, with AU converted into LD (1 AU≈390 LD)
(E) Color codes:   unobserved at close approach   observed during close approach   upcoming approaches

Physical characteristicsEdit

2003 QO104 has been characterized as an uncommon Q-type asteroid, that fall into the larger stony S-complex.[3][8]

Rotation periodEdit

In March 2016, a rotational lightcurve of this asteroid was obtained from photometric observations. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 6.231 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.19 magnitude (U=2).[7]

Diameter and albedoEdit

According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, measures between 1.552 and 1.682 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.1426 and 0.202.[4][5][6]

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a stony standard albedo of 0.20 and calculates a diameter of 1.49 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 16.5.[3]

NamingEdit

This minor planet was numbered by the MPC on 26 September 2007 (M.P.C. 60678).[9] As of 2018, it has not been named.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "163243 (2002 FB3)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 163243 (2002 FB3)" (2018-04-12 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "LCDB Data for (163243)". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90.
  5. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Nugent, C.; Mainzer, A. K.; Wright, E. L.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; et al. (October 2017). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year Three: Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astronomical Journal. 154 (4): 10. arXiv:1708.09504. Bibcode:2017AJ....154..168M. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/aa89ec.
  6. ^ a b c Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J.; Masiero, J.; McMillan, R. S.; Cutri, R. M.; et al. (December 2011). "NEOWISE Observations of Near-Earth Objects: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 743 (2): 17. arXiv:1109.6400. Bibcode:2011ApJ...743..156M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/743/2/156.
  7. ^ a b Monteiro, Filipe; Silva, Jose Sergio; Lazzaro, Daniela; Arcoverde, Plicida; Medeiros, Hissa; Souza, Roberto; et al. (January 2017). "Lightcurve Analysis for Ten Near-Earth Asteroids". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 44 (1): 20–22. Bibcode:2017MPBu...44...20M. ISSN 1052-8091.
  8. ^ a b Thomas, Cristina A.; Emery, Joshua P.; Trilling, David E.; Delbó, Marco; Hora, Joseph L.; Mueller, Michael (January 2014). "Physical characterization of Warm Spitzer-observed near-Earth objects". Icarus. 228: 217–246. arXiv:1310.2000. Bibcode:2014Icar..228..217T. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2013.10.004.
  9. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 20 April 2018.

External linksEdit