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(164121) 2003 YT1, provisional designation 2003 YT1, is a bright asteroid and synchronous binary system on a highly eccentric orbit, classified as near-Earth object and potentially hazardous asteroid of the Apollo group, approximately 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 18 December 2003, by astronomers with the Catalina Sky Survey at the Catalina Station near Tucson, Arizona, in the United States.[1] The V-type asteroid has a short rotation period of 2.3 hours.[12] Its 210-meter sized minor-planet moon was discovered at Arecibo Observatory in May 2004.[3][4]

(164121) 2003 YT1
Discovery [1]
Discovered byCatalina Sky Srvy.
Discovery siteCatalina Stn.
Discovery date18 December 2003
Designations
MPC designation(164121) 2003 YT1
2003 YT1
Apollo · NEO · PHA[1][2]
Orbital characteristics[2]
Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc35.41 yr (12,934 d)
Aphelion1.4335 AU
Perihelion0.7857 AU
1.1096 AU
Eccentricity0.2919
1.17 yr (427 d)
11.417°
0° 50m 35.88s / day
Inclination44.064°
38.335°
91.042°
Known satellites1 (D: 210 m; P: 30 h)[3][4]
Earth MOID0.0027 AU (1.0519 LD)
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
1.0 km[3]
1.100±0.088 km[5]
1.561±0.202 km[6]
1.717±0.550 km[7]
2.34 h[8]
2.343 h[3]
2.343 h[9]
3.0025±0.0001 h[10]
0.198±0.153[7]
0.240±0.067[6]
0.36±0.20[11]
0.486±0.040[11]
0.4861±0.0395[5]
0.5848 (derived)[12]
V[12][13][14]
16.2[2][5][12]
16.20±0.3[7]

Contents

Orbit and classificationEdit

2003 YT1 is a member of the Earth-crossing group of Apollo asteroids, the largest group of near-Earth objects with approximately 10 thousand known members.[1][2]

It orbits the Sun at a distance of 0.8–1.4 AU once every 1 years and 2 months (427 days; semi-major axis of 1.11 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.29 and an inclination of 44° with respect to the ecliptic.[2] The body's observation arc begins with a precovery taken at the Siding Spring Observatory in November 1989, more than 14 years prior to its official discovery observation at Catalina.[1]

Close approaches and Torino ratingEdit

The asteroid has an Earth minimum orbital intersection distance of 0.0027 AU (404,000 km; 251,000 mi), which corresponds to 1.05 lunar distances and makes it a potentially hazardous asteroid due to its sufficiently large size.[2] On the Torino Scale, this object was rated level 1 on 27 December 2003 with an observation arc of 8.7 days.[15] It was removed from the risk table on 29 December 2003.[16]

On 30 April 2004 it made a close approach at a nominal distance of 0.073 AU (28 LD), and on 31 October 2016, it passed Earth at 0.034 AU (13 LD). The asteroid's closest encounter with Earth will be on 29 April 2073, when it is projected to pass at 0.0113 AU (4.4 LD) only (see table).[2]

History of close approaches of large near-Earth objects since 1908 (A)
PHA Date Approach distance (lunar dist.) Abs.
mag

(H)
Diameter (C)
(m)
Ref (D)
Nomi-
nal(B)
Mini-
mum
Maxi-
mum
(33342) 1998 WT24 1908-12-16 3.542 3.537 3.547 17.9 556–1795 data
(458732) 2011 MD5 1918-09-17 0.911 0.909 0.913 17.9 556–1795 data
(7482) 1994 PC1 1933-01-17 2.927 2.927 2.928 16.8 749–1357 data
69230 Hermes 1937-10-30 1.926 1.926 1.927 17.5 668–2158 data
69230 Hermes 1942-04-26 1.651 1.651 1.651 17.5 668–2158 data
(137108) 1999 AN10 1946-08-07 2.432 2.429 2.435 17.9 556–1795 data
(33342) 1998 WT24 1956-12-16 3.523 3.523 3.523 17.9 556–1795 data
(163243) 2002 FB3 1961-04-12 4.903 4.900 4.906 16.4 1669–1695 data
(192642) 1999 RD32 1969-08-27 3.627 3.625 3.630 16.3 1161–3750 data
(143651) 2003 QO104 1981-05-18 2.761 2.760 2.761 16.0 1333–4306 data
2017 CH1 1992-06-05 4.691 3.391 6.037 17.9 556–1795 data
(170086) 2002 XR14 1995-06-24 4.259 4.259 4.260 18.0 531–1714 data
(33342) 1998 WT24 2001-12-16 4.859 4.859 4.859 17.9 556–1795 data
4179 Toutatis 2004-09-29 4.031 4.031 4.031 15.30 2440–2450 data
2014 JO25 2017-04-19 4.573 4.573 4.573 17.8 582–1879 data
(137108) 1999 AN10 2027-08-07 1.014 1.010 1.019 17.9 556–1795 data
(35396) 1997 XF11 2028-10-26 2.417 2.417 2.418 16.9 881–2845 data
(154276) 2002 SY50 2071-10-30 3.415 3.412 3.418 17.6 714–1406 data
(164121) 2003 YT1 2073-04-29 4.409 4.409 4.409 16.2 1167–2267 data
(385343) 2002 LV 2076-08-04 4.184 4.183 4.185 16.6 1011–3266 data
(52768) 1998 OR2 2079-04-16 4.611 4.611 4.612 15.8 1462–4721 data
(33342) 1998 WT24 2099-12-18 4.919 4.919 4.919 17.9 556–1795 data
(85182) 1991 AQ 2130-01-27 4.140 4.139 4.141 17.1 1100 data
314082 Dryope 2186-07-16 3.709 2.996 4.786 17.5 668–2158 data
(137126) 1999 CF9 2192-08-21 4.970 4.967 4.973 18.0 531–1714 data
(290772) 2005 VC 2198-05-05 1.951 1.791 2.134 17.6 638–2061 data
(A) List includes near-Earth approaches of less than 5 lunar distances (LD) of objects with H brighter than 18.
(B) Nominal geocentric distance from the Earth's center to the object's center (earth radius≈6400 km).
(C) Diameter: estimated, theoretical mean-diameter based on H and albedo range between X and Y.
(D) Reference: data source from the JPL SBDB, with AU converted into LD (1 AU≈390 LD)
(E) Color codes:   unobserved at close approach   observed during close approach   upcoming approaches

Physical characteristicsEdit

This object has been characterized as a bright Vestian-like V-type asteroid.[12][14][13]

Rotation periodEdit

Several rotational lightcurve of this asteroid have been obtained from photometric observations (U=2/n.a./3/3).[8][3][9][10] Analysis of the best-rated lightcurve gave a short rotation period of 2.343 hours with a brightness amplitude between 0.16 and 0.27 magnitude.[12]

Diameter and albedoEdit

According to radar observations with the Arecibo Observatory and the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, this asteroid measures between 1.0 and 1.717 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.198 and 0.4861.[3][5][6][7][11][11]

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.5848 and adopts a diameter of 1.0 kilometer based on an absolute magnitude of 16.2.[12]

SatelliteEdit

The Arecibo radar observations in May 2004 revealed that 2003 YT1 is a synchronous binary asteroid.[3] Follow-up observations confirmed a 210-meter sized minor-planet moon orbiting its primary every 30 hours.[4][9]

Numbering and namingEdit

This minor planet was numbered by the Minor Planet Center on 26 September 2007 (M.P.C. 60686).[17] As of 2018, it has not been named.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "164121 (2003 YT1)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 164121 (2003 YT1)" (2018-04-18 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Nolan, M. C.; Howell, E. S.; Hine, A. A. (May 2004). "2003 YT_1". IAU Circ. (8336). Bibcode:2004IAUC.8336....3N. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Johnston, Wm. Robert (20 September 2014). "Asteroids with Satellites Database – (164121) 2003 YT1". Johnston's Archive. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  6. ^ a b c Delbo, Marco; Walsh, Kevin; Mueller, Michael; Harris, Alan W.; Howell, Ellen S. (March 2011). "The cool surfaces of binary near-Earth asteroids". Icarus. 212 (1): 138–148. Bibcode:2011Icar..212..138D. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2010.12.011. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; McMillan, R. S.; et al. (November 2012). "Physical Parameters of Asteroids Estimated from the WISE 3-Band Data and NEOWISE Post-Cryogenic Survey" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 760 (1): 6. arXiv:1210.0502. Bibcode:2012ApJ...760L..12M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/760/1/L12. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  8. ^ a b Larson, S. M.; Grauer, A. D.; Beshore, E.; Christensen, E.; Pravec, P.; Kaasalainen, M.; et al. (November 2004). "Physical Characteristics of the Binary PHA 2003 YT1". American Astronomical Society. 36: 1139. Bibcode:2004DPS....36.3207L. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  9. ^ a b c Pravec, P.; Scheirich, P.; Kusnirák, P.; Sarounová, L.; Mottola, S.; Hahn, G.; et al. (March 2006). "Photometric survey of binary near-Earth asteroids". Icarus. 181 (1): 63–93. Bibcode:2006Icar..181...63P. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2005.10.014. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  10. ^ a b Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (164121)". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J.; Masiero, J.; McMillan, R. S.; Cutri, R. M.; et al. (December 2011). "NEOWISE Observations of Near-Earth Objects: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 743 (2): 17. arXiv:1109.6400. Bibcode:2011ApJ...743..156M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/743/2/156. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g "LCDB Data for (164121)". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  13. ^ a b Sanchez, Juan A.; Michelsen, René; Reddy, Vishnu; Nathues, Andreas (July 2013). "Surface composition and taxonomic classification of a group of near-Earth and Mars-crossing asteroids" (PDF). Icarus. 225 (1): 131–140. arXiv:1302.4449. Bibcode:2013Icar..225..131S. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2013.02.036. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  14. ^ a b Thomas, Cristina A.; Emery, Joshua P.; Trilling, David E.; Delbó, Marco; Hora, Joseph L.; Mueller, Michael (January 2014). "Physical characterization of Warm Spitzer-observed near-Earth objects" (PDF). Icarus. 228: 217–246. arXiv:1310.2000. Bibcode:2014Icar..228..217T. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2013.10.004. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Major News about Minor Objects (2003 YT1)". hohmanntransfer. 27 December 2003. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  16. ^ "NEOs Removed from Impact Risks Tables". Near Earth Object Program. NASA. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  17. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 20 April 2018.

External linksEdit