(85182) 1991 AQ
(85182) 1991 AQ, provisional designation 1991 AQ, is a stony asteroid on a highly eccentric orbit, classified as near-Earth object and potentially hazardous asteroid of the Apollo group, approximately 1.1 kilometers (0.7 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 14 January 1991, by American astronomer Eleanor Helin at the Palomar Observatory in California. Based on its brightness variation of 0.69 magnitude, this Q-type asteroid is likely elongated. It belongs to the small group of potentially hazardous asteroids larger than one kilometer.
|Discovered by||E. F. Helin|
|Discovery site||Palomar Obs.|
|Discovery date||14 January 1991|
|MPC designation||(85182) 1991 AQ|
|1991 AQ · 1994 RD|
|Apollo · NEO · PHA |
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||26.91 yr (9,829 d)|
|3.31 yr (1,210 d)|
|0° 17m 51.36s / day|
|Earth MOID||0.0165 AU (6.428 LD)|
Orbit and classificationEdit
1991 AQ is a member of the Earth-crossing class of Apollo asteroids, the largest group of near-Earth objects with approximately 10 thousand known members. It is also a Venus- and Mars-crosser due to its extreme perihelion and aphelion, respectively.
It orbits the Sun at a distance of 0.5–3.9 AU once every 3 years and 4 months (1,210 days; semi-major axis of 2.22 AU). Its orbit has a high eccentricity of 0.78 and an inclination of 3° with respect to the ecliptic. The body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Palomar in 1991.
The asteroid has currently an Earth minimum orbital intersection distance of 0.0165 AU (2,470,000 km; 1,530,000 mi), which corresponds to 6.4 lunar distances and makes it a potentially hazardous asteroid due to its notably large size. In 1991 and 1994, it approached Earth at a nominal distance of 0.054 AU (21 LD). The asteroids closest encounter with Earth is projected to occur on 27 January 2130, at a distance of 0.0106 AU (4.1 LD) only (see table). It also makes close encounters to Mercury, Venus, Mars and Jupiter.
In the Tholen classification, this object is an uncommon Q-type asteroid, that falls into the larger stony S-complex. As of 2018, no rotational lightcurve of this asteroid has been obtained from photometric observations. The body's rotation period, pole and shape remain unknown. It has a brightness variation of 0.69 magnitude, indicative for an elongated, non-spherical shape.
Diameter and albedoEdit
According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, this asteroid measures 1.1 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.242. The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes an albedo of 0.18 and derives a diameter of 1.14 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 17.20.
Numbering and namingEdit
- "85182 (1991 AQ)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 85182 (1991 AQ)" (2017-12-12 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; et al. (December 2015). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 814 (2): 13. arXiv:1509.02522. Bibcode:2015ApJ...814..117N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/2/117. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "LCDB Data for (85182)". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 85182 (1991 AQ)". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- List of the Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs), Minor Planet Center
- PHA Close Approaches To The Earth, Minor Planet Center
- Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB), query form (info)
- Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend
- Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets (85001)-(90000) – Minor Planet Center
- (85182) 1991 AQ at NeoDyS-2, Near Earth Objects—Dynamic Site
- (85182) 1991 AQ at the JPL Small-Body Database