Zafarraya is a municipality in the province of Granada, Spain, with a population of 2,200 (2003).

Zafarraya
Flag of Zafarraya
Flag
Coat of arms of Zafarraya
Coat of arms
Location of Zafarraya
Location of Zafarraya
Zafarraya is located in Spain
Zafarraya
Zafarraya
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 36°58′N 4°8′W / 36.967°N 4.133°W / 36.967; -4.133Coordinates: 36°58′N 4°8′W / 36.967°N 4.133°W / 36.967; -4.133
Country Spain
Autonomous community Andalusia
ProvinceGranada
ComarcaAlhama
Judicial districtLoja
Government
 • AlcaldeJosé Miguel Muñoz Ortigosa (2007) (PSOE)
Area
 • Total57.86 km2 (22.34 sq mi)
Elevation
893 m (2,930 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total2,057
 • Density36/km2 (92/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Zafarrayero, -a
Choceño, -a
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
18128
Official language(s)Spanish
WebsiteOfficial website

Zafarraya is known for a Neanderthal mandible found in a cave (Cueva del Boquete) in 1983 by Cecilio Barroso and Paqui Medina. The mandible has been dated to 30,000 years Before Present (BP), and at the time represented the youngest-known Neanderthal remains.[2][3] Near the mandible, Mousterian tools dated to 27,000 years BP were found. The find was one of the first pieces of definite evidence showing that the presence of Neanderthals and modern humans overlapped in Europe for a significant period.

During the Andalusian earthquake of 25 December 1884, more than 30% of the houses in Zafarraya collapsed and 53% were badly damaged, some of which fell during aftershocks. The new church, which was under construction, was completely destroyed. 25 to 27 people died, 24 sustained serious injuries and 56 had minor injuries. However, in March 1885 it is reported that there were still 203 patients with traumatic conditions. The survivors took refuge in the town of Almendrón. The damage was less than in Ventas de Zafarraya due to differences in the land: Jurassic limestones in Zafarraya and Quaternary sediments in Ventas de Zafarraya.[4]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ Hublin J.J., Barroso Ruiz C., Medina Lara P., Fontugne M., Reyss J.-L., 1995 - The Mousterian site of Zafarraya (Granada, Spain): dating and implications on the palaeolithic peopling processes of Western Europe. C. R. Acad. Sc. Paris. 321 (IIa): 931-937
  3. ^ Hublin J.-J et E.Trinkaus, 1998 - The Mousterian human remains from Zafarraya (Granada, Spain). American Journal of Physical Anthropology suppl 26 : 122-123
  4. ^ Vidal Sánchez, Francisco (2011), "Terremoto de Alhama de Granada de 1884 y su impacto", Anuari Verdaguer (in Spanish) (19): 27, retrieved 2019-08-20

ReferencesEdit

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