ZIL-157

The ZIL-157 is a general-purpose 2+12-ton 6×6 truck, produced at the Lichachev plant in the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1977, when production was transferred the Amur plant, since the Lichachev plant wanted to focus more on modern trucks, such as the ZIL-131 truck. Nevertheless, production of the ZIL-157 trucks continued even after the fall of the Soviet Union, but eventually ended in 1994.

ZIL-157
Czechoslovak 130mm rocket launcher Raketomet vz. 51.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerZiL
Production1958-1961 (mod. ЗИЛ-157)
1962-1978 (mod. ЗИЛ-157К)
1978-1994 (mod. ЗИЛ-157КД)
AssemblyRussia: Moscow
Body and chassis
ClassTruck
Layoutfront engine, 6×6
Powertrain
Engine5.55 L ZIL-157, 104 hp (78 kW) l6
Transmission5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,665 + 1,120 mm (144.3 + 44.1 in)
Length6.93 m (22 ft 9 in)
Width2.32 m (7 ft 7 in)
Height2.74 m (9 ft 0 in)
Curb weight5,540 kg (12,214 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorZIS-151
SuccessorZIL-131
ZIL-157 on Naissaar island, Estonia

HistoryEdit

The ZIL-157 started being produced in 1958, based on the ZIL-164 truck, as a replacement for the ZIL-151 that was based on the ZIS-150 truck, which was based on the International KR-11 trucks.

The ZIL-157 truck, like its many predecessors, was mostly intended for use by the Red Army,[1] but it was also popular with forestry companies,[1] and was thus also used as a log truck, specifically the ZIL-157V semi-truck version. In 1977 the production of the truck was moved to Novouralsk by the UamZ company.[1] The Lichachev plant likely did that move since, they wanted to focus their main production efforts, on more modern trucks on the same class, such as the ZIL-131 truck.

The UamZ company continued producing the truck even after the fall of the Soviet Union until 1994.

Around 797,934 trucks were produced by the Lichachev plant and a further 160,000 in the UamZ plant.[1] The truck was also produced in China as the Jiefang CA30 until 1986.

VariantsEdit

  • ZIL-157 (ЗИЛ-157) - cargo truck, produced 1958 - 1961[2]
  • ZIL-157E - As ZIL-157, but with no cargo platform, two fuel tanks, and no spare wheel bracket.
  • ZIL-157G - As ZIL-157, but with shielded electrical equipment.
  • ZIL-157K (ЗИЛ-157К) - cargo truck, produced 1962 - 1978.[2] Modernized version of ZIL-157.
  • ZIL-157KV (ЗИЛ-157КВ) - tractor unit, produced 1962 - 1978.[3] Modernized version of ZIL-157V.
  • ZIL-157KD (ЗИЛ-157КД)[4] - 5-ton cargo truck, produced since 1978.[2] Modernized version of ZIL-157K.
  • ZIL-157KDV (ЗИЛ-157КДВ) - tractor unit, produced since 1978.[3] Modernized version of ZIL-157KV.
  • ZIL-157L - Prototype power-steering version of ZIL-157. Produced in 1958, cancelled due to front suspension and steering malfunctions.
  • ZIL-157V - Tractor-trailer version. Produced 1958 - 1961.
  • ZIL-165 - Prototype for ZIL-131. Produced in 1958.
  • KMM (колёсный механизированный мост КММ) - Soviet military bridgelayer on ZIL-157 chassis[5]

OperatorsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "ЗИЛ-157". Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b c ЗИЛ-157КД // Краткий автомобильный справочник НИИАТ. 10-е изд., пер. и доп. М., "Транспорт", 1983. стр.70
  3. ^ a b ЗИЛ-157КДВ // Краткий автомобильный справочник НИИАТ. 10-е изд., пер. и доп. М., "Транспорт", 1983. стр.77-78
  4. ^ подполковник-инженер В. Перлин. Автомобиль ЗИЛ-157КД // "Техника и вооружение", № 6. 1982. стр.9
  5. ^ К. Янбеков. Колесные мостоукладчики ЛКМ и КММ // журнал "Техника и вооружение", № 7, июль 2019. стр.16-21
  6. ^ "BMD-20". Retrieved 14 August 2021.

External linksEdit