The ZIL-157 is a general-purpose 2+1⁄2-ton 6×6 truck, produced at the Lichachev plant in the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1977, when production was transferred to the Amur plant, since the Lichachev plant wanted to focus more on modern trucks, such as the ZIL-131 truck. Nevertheless, production of the ZIL-157 trucks continued even after the fall of the Soviet Union, but eventually ended in 1994.
|Production||1958-1961 (mod. ЗИЛ-157)|
1962-1978 (mod. ЗИЛ-157К)
1978-1994 (mod. ЗИЛ-157КД)
|Body and chassis|
|Layout||front engine, 6×6|
|Engine||5.55 L ZIL-157, 104 hp (78 kW) l6|
|Wheelbase||3,665 + 1,120 mm (144.3 + 44.1 in)|
|Length||6.93 m (22 ft 9 in)|
|Width||2.32 m (7 ft 7 in)|
|Height||2.74 m (9 ft 0 in)|
|Curb weight||5,540 kg (12,214 lb)|
The ZIL-157 started being produced in 1958, based on the ZIL-164 truck, as a replacement for the ZIS-151 that was based on the ZIS-150 truck, which was based on the International KR-11 trucks.
The ZIL-157 truck, like its many predecessors, was mostly intended for use by the Red Army, but it was also popular with forestry companies, and was thus also used as a log truck, specifically the ZIL-157V semi-truck version. In 1977 the production of the truck was moved to Novouralsk by the UamZ company. The Lichachev plant likely did the move in order to focus their main production efforts on more modern trucks in the same class, such as the ZIL-131 truck.
The UamZ company continued producing the truck even after the fall of the Soviet Union until 1994.
Around 797,934 trucks were produced by the Lichachev plant and a further 160,000 in the UamZ plant. The truck was also produced in China as the Jiefang CA30 until 1986.
- ZIL-157 (ЗИЛ-157) - cargo truck, produced 1958 - 1961
- ZIL-157E - As ZIL-157, but with no cargo platform, two fuel tanks, and no spare wheel bracket.
- ZIL-157G - As ZIL-157, but with shielded electrical equipment.
- ZIL-157K (ЗИЛ-157К) - cargo truck, produced 1962 - 1978. Modernized version of ZIL-157.
- ZIL-157KV (ЗИЛ-157КВ) - tractor unit, produced 1962 - 1978. Modernized version of ZIL-157V.
- ZIL-157KD (ЗИЛ-157КД) - 5-ton cargo truck, produced since 1978. Modernized version of ZIL-157K.
- ZIL-157KDV (ЗИЛ-157КДВ) - tractor unit, produced since 1978. Modernized version of ZIL-157KV.
- ZIL-157L - Prototype power-steering version of ZIL-157. Produced in 1958, cancelled due to front suspension and steering malfunctions.
- ZIL-157V - Tractor-trailer version. Produced 1958 - 1961.
- ZIL-165 - Prototype for ZIL-131. Produced in 1958.
- KMM (колёсный механизированный мост КММ) - Soviet military bridgelayer on ZIL-157 chassis
- Soviet Union
- China - licensed-produced as Jiefang CA-30
- Vietnam - Jiefang CA-30 variants from China
- Indonesia - Indonesia got some Zil 157 stored in Dirgantara Mandala Museum,possibly bought in 1961
- North Korea
- ^ a b c d "ЗИЛ-157". Retrieved 23 August 2021.
- ^ a b c ЗИЛ-157КД // Краткий автомобильный справочник НИИАТ. 10-е изд., пер. и доп. М., "Транспорт", 1983. стр.70
- ^ a b ЗИЛ-157КДВ // Краткий автомобильный справочник НИИАТ. 10-е изд., пер. и доп. М., "Транспорт", 1983. стр.77-78
- ^ подполковник-инженер В. Перлин. Автомобиль ЗИЛ-157КД // "Техника и вооружение", № 6. 1982. стр.9
- ^ К. Янбеков. Колесные мостоукладчики ЛКМ и КММ // журнал "Техника и вооружение", № 7, июль 2019. стр.16-21
- ^ "BMD-20". Retrieved 14 August 2021.
- ^ "Mobilisti koeajaa: ZIL 157". Retrieved 30 November 2022.
- Fan-Club ZIL-157
- English website for Russian Military Trucks
- Short movie about the ZIL-157, with Russian comment
- Russian drawings of ZIL-157
- "ZIL 157 at Etoile Rouge". Clement Hourbe & Aymeric Lopez. 2010. Retrieved 2014-10-28.
This article includes a list of general references, but it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (December 2014)