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The Hungarian Ground Forces are one of the branches of the Hungarian Defence Forces. It is the army which handles Ground activities and troops including artillery, tanks, APC's, IFV's and ground support. Hungary's Ground forces currently pulled out of Iraq and are currently in service in Afghanistan and KFOR.

Hungarian Ground Forces
Magyar Szárazföldi Haderő
Country Hungary
AllegianceHungarian Defence Forces
BranchGround Forces
Part ofHungarian Defence Forces
Garrison/HQSzékesfehérvár
Colors             Red, White and Green
Anniversaries29 September
Commanders
Current
commander
Brigadier General Dr Gábor Böröndi

Hungary was supported by the Soviet Union during the Cold War but since the Soviet Union's fall, Hungary cut tanks, closed garrisons, and minimized troop strength since 1991. The Hungarian Army now deals with national security, peacekeeping and international conflicts. Hungary joined NATO in 1999.

Contents

UnitsEdit

The two main combat units of the Hungarian Ground Forces are:

  • 5th Infantry Brigade "István Bocskai", in Debrecen
    • Headquarters Company, in Debrecen
    • 3rd Infantry Battalion "Miklós Bercsényi", in Hódmezővásárhely, with BTR-80 APCs
    • 39th Infantry Battalion in Debrecen, with BTR-80 APCs
    • 62nd Infantry Battalion in Hódmezővásárhely, with BTR-80 APCs
    • Operations Support Engineer Battalion, in Debrecen
    • Logistic Battalion, in Debrecen
    • Combat Engineer Company, in Debrecen
    • Signal Company, in Debrecen
  • 25th Infantry Brigade "György Klapka", in Tata
    • Headquarters Company, in Tata
    • 1st Infantry Battalion, in Tata, with BTR-80 APCs
    • 2nd Infantry Battalion, in Tata, with BTR-80 APCs
    • 11th Tank Battalion, in Tata, with T-72M1 tanks
    • 36th Anti-tank Missile Battalion, in Tata, with 9K115-2 Metis-M anti-tank missiles
    • 101st Artillery Battalion, in Tata, with D-20 152mm towed howitzers
    • 57th Garrison Support Battalion
    • Logistic Battalion, in Tata

Military EquipmentEdit

Infantry weaponsEdit

 
Hungarian special forces soldiers (KMZ) disembark from a Chinook in Croatia.
  • RS4/4 parachute
  • RS4/4 LA parachute
  • MANTA parachute
  • 93M frag grenade
  • 96M frag grenade
  • Black Ka'bar bayonet
  • AN/PVS-14 Gen3 Monocular Night Vision
  • HALEM-2 laser rangefinder
  • 15/80 binocular
  • PSZNR-5 recce locator
  • FMG 68 decontamination vehicle
  • SSM-1 chemical marker
  • IH-95 radiation level and contamination meter
  • CAM radiation level and contamination meter
  • VFK chemical recce pack
  • DS-10 regiment decontamination pack
  • TMF-2 automatic weather station
  • 93M protecting suit
  • 96M protecting suit
  • DECOCOM 3000 decontamination container
  • regiment decontamination trailer
  • 60 mm mortar
Model Image Origin Type Details
CZ Bren 2     Czech Republic
  Hungary
Assault rifle Assembled in Hungary. Intended to replace the AK-63.[1][2]
CZ SCORPION EVO 3     Czech Republic
  Hungary
Submachine gun Assembled in Hungary.[1][2]
CZ P-09

CZ P-07

    Czech Republic
  Hungary
Semi-automatic pistol Assembled in Hungary.[1][2]
P9RC     Hungary Handgun Service Handgun, replacing PA-63.
Glock 17     Austria Semi-automatic pistol Used by Special Forces
Heckler & Koch MP5 A3     Germany Submachine gun
AK-63     Hungary Assault Rifle Main service rifle of the Hungarian Ground Forces and is the modernized variant of the AKM rifle. 7700 rifles have been modernized, more to follow. Versions: AK-63D/E/MF
M4A1     United States Assault rifle Used by Special Forces
Remington 870 Marine     United States Pump action shotgun
M2 Browning     United States Heavy machine gun
Szép sniper rifle     Hungary Sniper Rifle [3]
M24 SWS     United States Sniper Rifle Used by Special Forces
Dragunov SVD     Soviet Union Sniper Rifle Will be replaced by Szép sniper rifle
Gepárd     Hungary Anti-materiel rifle
M110     United States Semi-Automatic Sniper System
MK13 United States Sniper
M249 SAW     United States Light Machine gun Used by Special Forces
PKM     Soviet Union General-purpose machine gun
H&K M320     Germany Grenade Launcher Used by Special Forces
EXPAL M-08 Combi 60mm   Spain Mortar (weapon) 96
Steyr-Mannlicher M1895     Austria-Hungary Rifle Ceremonial rifle.
SKS     Soviet Union semi-automatic carbine Ceremonial rifle.

Armoured vehiclesEdit

Model Image Origin Type Variant Active Number Details
Tanks
Leopard 2     Germany Main battle tank Leopard 2A7+
Leopard 2A4
0
0
44 Leopard 2A7+ and 12 Leopard 2A4 tanks on order.[4][5]
T-72     Soviet Union
  Belarus
Main battle tank T-72M1 34[6] 130 in storage.[6] Will be replaced by the Leopard 2A7+ in the 2020s.[5]
Armoured personnel carriers
BTR-80     Soviet Union
  Russia
  Hungary
amphibious armoured personnel carrier BTR-80A
BTR-80
BTR-80 SKJ
BTR-80 VSF
BTR-80 MVJ
BTR-80 MPAEJ
BTR-80 MPFJ
120
260[7]
555 units received from Russia between 1996-1999.[8] Modernized Hungarian-upgraded BTR-80s for technical rescue, medical rescue and NBC missions.
BRDM-2     Soviet Union Armoured Personnel Carrier BRDM-2 250 Equipped with 9M113 Konkurs anit-tank missiles, others are modified and upgraded for NBC missions.
M-ATV     United States MRAP 20+ Used by the Hungarian special forces in Afghanistan.
Cougar (vehicle)     United States MRAP 13 Used by the Hungarian special forces in Afghanistan.
Maxxpro     United States MRAP 12[7] Bought second-hand
M1151 HMMWV     United States Utility vehicle 80+ Most of them used by the Hungarian special forces. [9]
All-terrain vehicles
Polaris RZR     United States Light utility vehicle 12 Used by the Hungarian special forces.
Military engineering vehicles
PTS (amphibious vehicle)     Soviet Union Amphibious vehicle PTS-2 50+ Some in reserve. Very large tracked amphibious vehicle used for crossing water bodies and building bridges across rivers
WISENT 2     Germany Armoured Support Vehicle 0 5 on order.
Leguan     Germany Armoured vehicle-launched bridge 0 3 on order. The new Leguans are going to replace the BLG-60M armoured bridgelayers which will be transferred to the 37th Engineer Regiment.
MT-55     East Germany Armoured vehicle-launched bridge BLG-60M 2 [10]
VT-55     Soviet Union Armoured recovery vehicle VT-55 2
VT-72B     Czechoslovakia Armoured recovery vehicle 2 [11]
BAT-2 []   Soviet Union Armoured tracklayer BAT-2 Unknown

Artillery, Air Defence, ATGMEdit

Model Image Origin Type Active Number Details
Self-propelled artillery and howitzers
PzH 2000     Germany Self-propelled artillery 0 24 on order.[12]
D-20     Soviet Union Howitzer 31[7] 283 in reserve [13]
Surface-to-air-missile systems
2K12 Kub     Soviet Union
  Hungary
  Poland
Self-propelled SAM system 16[7] Modernized in collaboration with Poland.
Mistral (missile)     France Surface-to-air missile 360 Mistral 3 + Safran Matis[7]
Anti-armour weapons
Carl Gustaf M4     Sweden Recoilless rifle Unknown deliveries will take place in 2019-2024
9К115-2 Metis-M     Russia Anti-tank missile Unknown number delivered by Russia between 1996-1997.[8]
9M113 Konkurs     Soviet Union Anti-tank missile [7]
9K111 Fagot     Soviet Union Anti-tank missile [7]
RPG-7     Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade Unknown

Transport VehiclesEdit

Model Image Origin Type Variant Active Number Details
Rába (company)     Hungary Truck H14
H18
H25
The new H-14 series, can be armoured within 48 hours. The armour defends soldiers from bullets, splinters and IEDs[14]

Production of Rába H-14, H-18, and H-25 trucks commenced in 2004, these initially locally designed chassis fitted with MAN engines, associated components including cooling system and the MAN modular military cab. Current production is CKD using some locally sourced components such as axles. About 300 examples were built using components supplied between 2004-2006, with a further 150 assembled from CKD kits delivered from 2007.

Ikarus   Hungary Bus E95
Aries
20
15
100 Currus-Volvo Aries on order to replace Ikarus 250, 256, 280
Suzuki Vitara   Hungary SUV 550
Mercedes-Benz G-Class   Germany Utility vehicle G-270
G-280
223
Mercedes-Benz Unimog   Germany Truck 88
RMMV HX range of tactical trucks   Germany Truck HX77 63 Will also receive up to 150 RMMV HX77 8x8 trucks, with 63 delivered since 2007.
Toyota Hilux   Japan Pickup 16 Used by Military Police
Volkswagen Transporter   Germany Van T4
T5
Unknown

Air Force (Airplanes,Helicopters)Edit

Model Image Origin Type Variant Active Number Details
Saab JAS 39 Gripen EBS HU     Sweden Fighter aircraft JAS 39 Gripen 14
Mi-24     Russia

  East Germany

Attack helicopter Mi-24 P/V 11[7] Modernized
Airbus Helicopters H145M     France

  Germany

Utility helicopter Hforce 0 20 on order.
Airbus Helicopters H225M     France

  Germany

Transport helicopter Hforce 0 16 on order. To be deployed beginning in 2023. Replacing the Mi-8 and Mi-17 helicopters.
Mi–17     Russia transport helicopter 7[7] Modernised
Mi–8     Soviet Union

  Finland

  Russia

transport helicopter 3[7] 10 in storage[7]
C–17     United States Cargo/Transport Aircraft C–17 Globemaster III 3
Airbus A319-100     France

  Germany

Cargo/Transport Aircraft Airbus A319-100 2
Dassault Falcon 7X     France Cargo/Transport Aircraft Dassault Falcon 7X 2
Antonov An-26     Soviet Union

  Ukraine

Cargo/Transport Aircraft An–26 1 of 5
Zlín Z–242L     Czech Republic Trainer aircraft 2
Zlín Z–143LSi     Czech Republic Trainer aircraft 2
Eurocopter AS 350 Écureuil     France 2
Skylark 1   Israel Drone 9

River fleetEdit

Model Image Origin Type Number Details
Neštin-class     Yugoslavia minesweeper 3 6 minesweepers were received from Yugoslavia in 1981. As of 2014, 3 of them are in active service.
AN 2     Hungary minesweeper 3 40 minesweepers were built between 1953 and 1956. As of 2019, 3 of them are in active service, another 3 are in reserve and the rest were sold. 2 of the reserve are under overhaul by Milipol Zrt. and going to be in active service.

See alsoEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c Moss, Matthew (10 April 2018). "Hungary to Produce CZ Weapons Under License".
  2. ^ a b c Wilk, Remigiusz (20 December 2018). "Hungarian Defence Forces receive CZ BREN 2 rifles". IHS Jane's.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 21, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Braatz, Kurt (19 December 2018). "Krauss-Maffei Wegmann unterstützt ungarische Heeres-Modernisierung" (PDF). Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (in German). Munich. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b Dunai, Peter (20 December 2018). "Update: Hungary orders Leopard 2 MBTs and PzH 2000 SPHs". IHS Jane's 360. Budapest. Archived from the original on 21 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Hungarian armed forces upgrade ground troop equipment". Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k IISS 2019, p. 117.
  8. ^ a b "SIPRI Trade Register".
  9. ^ Valid HTML and CSS: Fülöp Gergely (dreamlite), ACME engine: Aurum / (2008-08-18). "Honvédelmi Minisztérium". Hm.gov.hu. Archived from the original on 2010-10-17. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
  10. ^ "Honvédség hídvetők".
  11. ^ "Magyar T-72-esek".
  12. ^ Dunai, Peter (20 December 2018). "Hungary orders Leopard 2 MBTs and PzH 2000 SPHs". IHS Jane's.
  13. ^ https://honvedelem.hu/cikk/30042/feleledtek-a-%E2%80%9Ehibernalt-kepessegek%E2%80%9D-
  14. ^ "Image: H14_00.jpg, (1024 × 672 px)". raba.hu. Retrieved 2015-09-05.

ReferencesEdit