Marine Corps Intelligence
Marine Corps Intelligence is an element of the United States Intelligence Community. The Director of Intelligence supervises the Intelligence Department of HQMC and is responsible for policy, plans, programming, budgets, and staff supervision of Intelligence and supporting activities within the U.S. Marine Corps as well as supervising the Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA). The Department supports the Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC) in his role as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), represents the service in Joint and Intelligence Community matters, and exercises supervision over the MCIA.
The Department has Service Staff responsibility for Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT), Advanced Geospatial Intelligence (AGI), Signals Intelligence (SIGINT), Human Intelligence (HUMINT), Counterintelligence (CI), and ensures there is a single synchronized strategy for the development of the Marine Corps Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) Enterprise.
The MCIA, located at Hochmuth Hall (see Bruno Hochmuth ), provides tailored intelligence and services to the Marine Corps, other services, and the Intelligence Community based on expeditionary mission profiles in littoral areas. It supports the development of service doctrine, force structure, training and education, and acquisition.
Marine Corps Intelligence ActivityEdit
The Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA), created in 1987, is a field activity headquarters of the United States Marine Corps, and a member of the United States Intelligence Community. The MCIA describes itself as: "a vital part of military intelligence 'corporate enterprise,' and functions in a collegial, effective manner with other service agencies and with the joint intelligence centers of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Unified Commands."
The Marine Corps Intelligence Activity mission is to provide intelligence services to the Marine Corps and the U.S. Intelligence Community. These services are based on expeditionary mission profiles in littoral areas. It supports the development of service doctrine, force structure, training and education, and acquisition.
MCIA determines what missions the Corps needs to carry out as well as who will need to be trained for that mission. MCIA is in partnership with Marine Corps Intelligence the Office of Naval Intelligence and Office of Coast Guard Intelligence in the National Maritime Intelligence-Integration Office and at Marine Corps Base Quantico in Quantico, Virginia.
He created MCIC to address the lack of expeditionary intelligence support for policy, acquisition, and operations, as each of the other service intelligence centers focused only on their needs. Colonel Walter Breede III was the first Director.
The flagship study of the Center, "Planning and Programming Factors for Expeditionary Operations in the Third World", was published by the Marine Corps Combat Development Command (MCCDC) in March 1990, and was unusual for relying exclusively on open sources of information for creating a matrix of 143 mission area factors that could be objectively evaluated in relation to five degrees of difficulty, and for being published as an unclassified rather than a classified study.
Marine Corps Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Enterprise (MCISR-E)Edit
The MCISR-E is a warfighting enterprise that supports decision-making through the provision of tailored intelligence that is timely, relevant, and predictive. The enterprise supports institutional decision-making through both the provision of relevant intelligence and the comprehensive integration of the intelligence warfighting function in operating concepts, structural decisions, and material investments. The multi-domain, collaborative, worldwide construct of the MCISR-E provides the crucial edge across the spectrum for both deployed and CONUS-based MAGTFs.
What drives the MCISR-E is not the crisis of the moment but rather, the incorporation of a "24/7/365" predictive analysis process with the global reach of operational MAGTF Intelligence Centers (MICs) backed by the Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA) and its connectivity to the Combat Support Agencies (CSAs) and National Intelligence Community (IC). To ensure its viability, Marine Corps Intelligence will continue to remain vigilant over a complex, technically sophisticated threat environment and evolve by seizing technological opportunities to increase MCISR-E capabilities and capacities. An intelligent workforce, uniformed and civilian, anchors the MCISR-E with the skills, professional acumen, and functional expertise that mark them as a world-class contributor to our Corps and IC missions.
The Intelligence Department was established as on 27 April 2000 by General James L. Jones, USMC Commandant of the Marine Corps.
1994 Intelligence PlanEdit
A major reinvigoration of Marine Corps Intelligence occurred in 1994, often called the "Van Riper Plan" after the Director of Intelligence at that time. The Intel Plan was announced in March 1995 via All Marine (ALMAR) message 100/95.
Directors of IntelligenceEdit
- Lieutenant Colonel Earl Hancock Ellis, December 1920 - October 1921
- Unknown. November 1921 - March 1939
- Major David A. Stafford, April 1939 – August 1940
- Captain William B. Steiner, August 1940 – October 1940
- Major Harold D. Harris, October 1940 – June 1942
- Lieutenant Colonel John C. McQueen, June 1942 – September 1943
- Major John W. Scott, Jr., September 1943 – January 1944
- Lieutenant Colonel George J. Clark, January 1944 – September 1944
- Lieutenant Colonel Edmond J. Buckley, September 44 – December 1944
- Colonel James J. Keating, December 1944 – December 1945
- Colonel Edmond J. Buckley, December 1945 – February 1946
- Lieutenant Colonel Henry H. Crockett, February 1946 – April 1946
- Colonel Walter S. Osipoff, April 1946 – March 1948
- Colonel Albert Arsenault, March 1948 – June 1948
- Colonel Floyd R. Moore, August 1951 – July 1954
- Colonel Wilber J. McKenny, July 1954 – August 1955
- Colonel Robert A. Black, September 1955 – August 1956
- Colonel Robert E. Hommel, September 1956 – June 1957
- Colonel Bankson T. Holcomb Jr., July 1957 – September 1957
- Brigadier General James M. Masters, Sr., September 1957 – August 1960
- Colonel John F. Carey, August 1960 – June 1961
- Major General Carl A. Youngdale, June 1961 – July 1962
- Major General Robert E. Cushman, Jr., July 1962 – June 1964
- Colonel Randolph Carter Berkeley, Jr., June 1964 – June 1965
- Major General Michael P. Ryan, June 1965 – March 1966
- Colonel Robert A. Mercant, Jr., March 1966 – August 1966
- Major General William R. Collins, August 1966 – October 1966
- Colonel Robert A. Merchant, Jr., October 1966 – June 1967
- Colonel John S. Canton, July 1967 – August 1967
- Major General Carl W. Hoffman, August 1967 – December 1967
- Colonel John S. Canton, January 1968 – November 1968
- Colonel Stone W. Quillian, November 1968 – September 1972
- Colonel Lyle V. Tope, October 1972 – September 1973
- Colonel William Wentworth, October 1973 – August 1975
- Colonel Charles T. Williamson, August 1975 – December 1977
- Colonel John J. Donahue, January 1977 – August 1979
- Major General Clyde D. Dean, August 1979 – March 1981
- Brigadier General Harry T. Hagaman, April 1981 – June 1982
- Brigadier General George H. Leach, June 1982 – May 1983
- Brigadier General Lloyd W. Smith, May 1983 – June 1985
- Brigadier General Frank J. Breth, June 1985 – June 1988
- Brigadier General James D. Beans, July 1988 – July 1989
- Major General John A. Studds, August 1989 – June 1991
- Major General Harry W. Jenkins, June 1991 – April 1993
- Major General Paul K. Van Riper, April 1993 – July 1995
- Major General David A. Richwine, June 1995 – July 1997
- Major General Joseph T. Anderson, July 1997 – March 1998
- Brigadier General Robert M. Shea, July 1998 – July 2000
- Brigadier General Michael E. Ennis, August 2000 – January 2004
- SES Michael H. Decker, January 2004 – June 2005
- Brigadier General Richard M. Lake, June 2005 – July 2009
- Brigadier General Vincent R. Stewart, July 2009 – July 2013
- Brigadier General Michael S. Groen, July 2013 – June 2016
- Brigadier General William H. Seely III, June 2016 – May 2017
- Brigadier General Dimitri Henry, May 2017 – present
Marine Corps Intelligence is widely believed to have been established when CMC created the M-2 in 1939. According to HQ Memo 1-1939, dtd 21 Apr 1939, CMC redesignated the Division of Operations and Training as the Division of Plans and Policies. The new Division retained the same subdivisions as the old with the standard number designations of a general or executive staff, but designated "M" rather than "G." Under the supervision of a Director, the Division contained the standard M—l, Personnel; M-2, Intelligence; M-3, Training; and M-4, Supply and Equipment Sections and an M-5, War Plans Section, which was to be abolished in the fall of 1941, with M-5 functions being absorbed by M-3.
Some trace the establishment of Marine Corps Intelligence to 1920 because the Division of Operations and Training, which was created by Marine Corps Order of 1 December 1920 and may have been based on a CMC ltr to Col John H. Russell, dtd 19 Dec 1918, subj: Organization of Planning Section, 2385/130–30, was composed of Operations, Training, Military Education, Military Intelligence, and Aviation Sections. This MI Section is viewed by some as the establishment of Marine Corps Intelligence.
- "A Brief History of Headquarters Marine Corps Organization" (PDF). United States Marine Corps. 1970. Retrieved 1 December 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Journal Article: Marine Corps Intelligence, the Interwar Years, by Maj Michael H. Decker, USMC (Ret) and Sgt William Mackenzie, USMC (Ret, Marine Corps Gazette, September 2019,Volume 103, Number 9