Yanfu Temple (Wuyi County)

Yanfu Temple or Yanfu Chan Temple (Chinese: 延福寺; pinyin: Yánfú Sì) is a Buddhist temple located in Wuyi County, Zhejiang, China.[1] The Mahavira Hall is the earliest Yuan dynasty (1271–1368) architecture and one of the three Yuan dynasty wooden architecture in Jiangnan.[2][3]

Yanfu Temple
延福寺
Wuyi Yanfu Si 20120219-05.jpg
The Shanmen at Yanfu Temple.
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
DeityChan Buddhism
Location
LocationWuyi County, Zhejiang
CountryChina
Yanfu Temple (Wuyi County) is located in Zhejiang
Yanfu Temple (Wuyi County)
Shown within Zhejiang
Geographic coordinates28°42′43.92″N 119°36′06.84″E / 28.7122000°N 119.6019000°E / 28.7122000; 119.6019000Coordinates: 28°42′43.92″N 119°36′06.84″E / 28.7122000°N 119.6019000°E / 28.7122000; 119.6019000
Architecture
StyleChinese architecture
Date established937

HistoryEdit

The temple was originally built in 937 in the Later Jin dynasty (936–947) with the name of "Futian Temple" (福田寺) and was renamed "Yanfu Temple" (延福寺) by Emperor Guangzong in the Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279).[1]

During the Republic of China, Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin investigated the temple and made a detailed record of the Mahavira Hall.[4]

After the establishment of the Communist State, the temple was used as a pigsty.[5]

Yanfu Temple was added to Zhejiang Provincial Cultural Heritage List in 1960. In November 1996, it was listed among the fourth group of "Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Zhejiang" by the State Council of China.[3][6]

A modern restoration of the entire temple complex was carried out at the end of 2014 and was completed in December 2016.[3][7]

ArchitectureEdit

Along the central axis of the temple stand four buildings including the Shanmen, Hall of Four Heavenly Kings, Mahavira Hall and Hall of Guanyin. Subsidiary structures were built on both sides of the central axis including the Bell tower, Drum tower, and Free Life Pond.[1]

Mahavira HallEdit

The Mahavira Hall was rebuilt in 1317, under the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368), it is the earliest Yuan dynasty architecture in Jiangnan. It is rectangular in shape and five rooms wide and has double-eaves gable and hip roofs. Inner walls are painted with paintings and calligraphies of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644).[2][4]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Zhang Yuhuan (2012), p. 170.
  2. ^ a b Zhang Yuhuan (2012), p. 171.
  3. ^ a b c 浙江武义全国文保单位延福寺修复竣工. 163.com (in Chinese). 2016-12-30.
  4. ^ a b Liang Sicheng (2005), p. 349–355.
  5. ^ “江南两座半”元代建筑延福寺. zjol.com.cn (in Chinese). 2014-08-22.
  6. ^ 国务院关于公布第四批全国重点文物保护单位的通知. gov.cn (in Chinese). 2014-07-21.
  7. ^ 千年古刹武义延福寺修复竣工. jhnews.com.cn (in Chinese). 2016-12-31.

BibliographyEdit

  • Liang Sicheng (2005). "Yuan Dynasty Architecture: Main Hall of Yanfu Temple" 《元代实物:延福寺大殿》. 《中国建筑史》 [Architecture History in China] (in Chinese). Heping District, Tianjin: Baihua Literature and Art Publishing House. ISBN 7-5306-4168-9.
  • Zhang Yuhuan (2012). "The earliest Yuan Dynasty Architecture in Jiangnan: Yanfu Temple in Xuanping" 《江南现存最早的元代建筑:宣平延福寺》. 《图解中国著名佛教寺院》 [Illustration of Famous Buddhist Temples in China] (in Chinese). Beijing: Contemporary China Publishing House. ISBN 978-7-5154-0135-5.