Yamada, Iwate

Yamada (山田町, Yamada-machi) is a town in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 May 2020, the town had an estimated population of 15,195 and a population density of 58 persons per km², in 6,554 households.[1] The total area of the town is 262.81 square kilometres (101.47 sq mi).

Yamada

山田町
Yamada Town Hall
Yamada Town Hall
Flag of Yamada
Flag
Official seal of Yamada
Seal
Location of Yamada in Iwate Prefecture
Location of Yamada in Iwate Prefecture
Yamada is located in Japan
Yamada
Yamada
 
Coordinates: 39°28′3.2″N 141°56′56.1″E / 39.467556°N 141.948917°E / 39.467556; 141.948917Coordinates: 39°28′3.2″N 141°56′56.1″E / 39.467556°N 141.948917°E / 39.467556; 141.948917
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureIwate
DistrictShimohei
Area
 • Total262.81 km2 (101.47 sq mi)
Population
 (May 1, 2019)
 • Total15,195
 • Density58/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
- TreeSugi
- FlowerHamanasu
- BirdBlack-tailed gull
Phone number0193-82-3111
Address3-20 Hachiman-cho, Yamada-machi, Shimohei-gun, Iwate-ken 028-1392
WebsiteOfficial website
Yamada and Yamada Bay in 1977

GeographyEdit

Yamada is located on the ria coastline of central Iwate Prefecture, facing the Pacific Ocean on the northern part of Funakoshi Bay and Yamada Bay. The Sekiguchi River and Ogasa River empty into Yamada Bay, and Yamada Port is located slightly south of the mouth of the Sekiguchi River, with train stations, government offices, hospitals, etc. concentrated in this vicinity. Parts of the town are within the borders of the Sanriku Fukkō National Park.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

Iwate Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Yamada has an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Yamada is 9.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1415 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 21.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around -1.8 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Yamada has declined over the past 60 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 13,714—    
1930 16,224+18.3%
1940 18,166+12.0%
1950 23,679+30.3%
1960 24,966+5.4%
1970 24,193−3.1%
1980 25,321+4.7%
1990 22,925−9.5%
2000 21,214−7.5%
2010 18,625−12.2%

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Yamada was part of ancient Mutsu Province, with many Jomon period and Kofun period remains. In the Heian period it was dominated by the Abe clan and the Northern Fujiwara. It was dominated by the Nanbu clan from the Kamakura period. It was part of Morioka Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate during the Edo period. Yamada was the location of the 1643 Breskens Incident, where the Dutch ship Breskens, part of the De Vries expedition, made two unauthorised visits to Yamada and was captured by Japanese authorities.

With the Meiji period establishment of the modern municipalities system, the town of Yamada was created within Higashihei District on April 1, 1889. Higashihei District was merged into Minamihei District on March 29, 1896. On March 1, 1955, Yamada annexed the neighboring villages of Funakoshi, Orikada, Osawa and Toyomane to reach is present borders.

After the March 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, it was reported that the town had been almost completely submerged by the ensuing tsunami.[4][5]

GovernmentEdit

Yamada has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 14 members. Yamada, together with the city of Miyako, town of Iwaizumi and the villages of Fudai and Tanohata, collectively contributes three seats to the Iwate Prefectural legislature. In terms of national politics, the town is part of Iwate 2nd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The local economy is strongly based on commercial fishing. In the early 20th century, it was a noted whaling port.

EducationEdit

Yamada has nine public elementary schools and two public junior high schools operated by the town government, and one public high school operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

Sanriku RailwayRias Line

HighwayEdit

International relationsEdit

Notable people from YamadaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Yamada Town official statistics
  2. ^ Yamada climate data
  3. ^ Yamada population statistics
  4. ^ Quake death toll feared to top 1800, thousands more unaccounted for Archived 2011-03-13 at WebCite, Japan Today article, 13 March 2011
  5. ^ Fukada, Takahiro, "Iwate survivors wonder, worry about future", Japan Times, 15 September 2011, p. 3.
  6. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2017.

External linksEdit