Anti-ship cruise missile|
land attack cruise missile
|Place of origin||People's Republic of China|
|Used by||People's Liberation Army Navy|
|Warhead||140–300 kg (310–660 lb) warhead|
|220–540 km (140–340 mi; 120–290 nmi)|
Mach 0.8 (cruising)|
Mach 2.5-3.0 (terminal)
BeiDou Navigation Satellite System|
onboard radar seeker
The United States Department of Defense believes the YJ-18 is similar to the Russian 3M-54 Klub, with a subsonic cruise mode and a supersonic terminal attack; the missile is credited with a range of 290 nautical miles (330 mi; 540 km), which would give it a threat ring of 264,200 sq nmi (349,900 sq mi; 906,000 km2). Some Western analysts believe the YJ-18 is a copy of the 3M-54E, with a cruising range of 180 km (110 mi; 97 nmi) at Mach 0.8 and a sprint range of 40 km (25 mi; 22 nmi) at Mach 2.5 to 3.0; other sources claim the submarine-launched variant has a range of 500 km (310 mi; 270 nmi) with a terminal speed of Mach 2 while flying at a lower terminal altitude than the Russian Kalibr/Klub.
The missile can be launched from vertical launching systems, and possibly from submarine torpedo tubes. Chinese media claims the missile has an inertial guidance system using BeiDou Navigation Satellite System data, and carries a 300 kg (660 lb) high-explosive warhead or an anti-radiation warhead to destroy electronics at short range.
The YJ-18 is deployed aboard the Type 052D destroyer and will equip the future Type 055 destroyer. It may already be carried by the SHANG II-class nuclear attack submarine outfitted with VLS cells, will replace the 20 nmi (23 mi; 37 km)-range YJ-82 aboard the YUAN-class air-independent propulsion (AIP) and SONG-class diesel-electric submarines, will likely deploy on the Type 095 submarine, and may be capable of deployment on Kilo-class submarines. A land-based version could replace the subsonic 400 km (250 mi; 220 nmi)-range YJ-62 with shore batteries.
- YJ-18: Original land-attack variant launched from ships.
- YJ-18A: Vertically-launched shipborne anti-ship variant, deployed aboard the Type 052D and Type 055 destroyers.
- YJ-18B: Submarine-launched variant.
- Mobile Coastal Variant: Land-based version with unknown designation launched by 12×12 transporter erector launcher (TEL), possibly fitted with a larger booster for increased range.
- Pilger: China’s New YJ-18 Antiship Cruise Missile, p.2
- Pilger: China’s New YJ-18 Antiship Cruise Missile, p.3
- Gormley, Dennis M.; Erickson, Andrew S.; Yuan, Jingdong (30 September 2014). "A Potent Vector: Assessing Chinese Cruise Missile Developments". Joint Forces Quarterly. National Defense University (75): 102. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- United States Office of the Secretary of Defense: Annual Report To Congress 2015, p.46
- United States Office of the Secretary of Defense: Annual Report To Congress 2015, p.10
- Submarine-Launched Variant of China's YJ-18 Supersonic Anti-Ship Missile Emerges - Navyrecognition.com, 2 October 2017
- United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence: The PLA Navy, p.16
- "简氏称中国鹰击-18反舰导弹可"空中急拐弯"(图)". mil.news.sina.com.cn. 12 September 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- Pilger, Michael (25 October 2015). China’s New YJ-18 Antiship Cruise Missile: Capabilities and Implications for U.S. Forces in the Western Pacific (PDF) (Report). United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2015). The PLA Navy: New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 9 May 2015.
- United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (8 May 2015). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2015 (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 24 January 2015.