Open main menu

The Type 052D destroyer (NATO/OSD Luyang III-class destroyer[11]) is a class of guided missile destroyers in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. The Type 052D is a larger variant of the Type 052C; the Type 052D uses a canister-type, instead of revolver-type, vertical launching system (VLS)[9] and has flat-panelled active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar.[8] The new VLS is not limited to anti-air missiles, making the Type 052D China's first dedicated multi-role destroyer.[9]

PLANS Hefei (DDG-174) 20160524.jpg
Class overview
Operators: PLA Navy Surface Force
Preceded by: Type 052C
Succeeded by: Type 055
In service: March 2014[1] – present
Building: 9 as of May 2019[2]
Active: 11 as of May 2019[2]
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 7,500 tons (full load)[3]
Length:
  • Initial variant: 157 m (515 ft)[3]
  • Extended flight deck variant: 161 m (528 ft)[4]
Beam: 17 m (56 ft)[3]
Draught: 6 m (20 ft)[3]
Sensors and
processing systems:
Armament:
Aircraft carried: Helicopter[4]
Aviation facilities:

Chinese media informally calls the Type 052D the Chinese Aegis, portraying it as a peer of contemporary United States Navy ships equipped with the Aegis Combat System.[13] The appearance of the Type 052D, with flat-panelled radar and canister-based VLS, has encouraged the moniker's use.[8]

Contents

DesignEdit

A variant with the flight deck extended by four metres was in production in 2018. The extended ship is likely to accommodate the Harbin Z-20 helicopter.[4]

SensorsEdit

The Type 052D is equipped with Type 346A[5] AESA and Type 518 L-band radar.[6]

The Type 052D is also equipped with both variable depth (VDS) and linear towed array sonar. The VDS is deployed through a hinged opening in the transom by a hydraulic lifting mechanism. The VDS body is a streamlined fairing fitted with Y-shaped hydrodynamic vanes for towing stability.[7]

ArmamentEdit

The Type 52D is the first Chinese surface combatent is use canister-based universal VLS. 64 cells are carried; 32 forward and 32 aft.[9] The VLS is reportedly an implementation of the GJB 5860-2006 standard.[10] The VLS may fire the extended-range variant of the HHQ-9 surface-to-air missile, YJ-18 anti-ship cruise missiles[11], and CY-5 anti-submarine missiles.[7]

The main gun is a 130 mm weapon.[8]

Early units were completed with 7-barrelled Type 730 close-in weapon system (CIWS). This was replaced in later units by the larger 11-barrelled Type 1130 CIWS.[12]

Data linkEdit

Sources on the Chinese Internet have stated that Type 052D is equipped with a newest Chinese data link which has just completed national certification in June 2012 and publicized by the end of year.[14] Designated as JSIDLS (Joint Service Integrated Data Link System, 全军综合数据链系统), this is the Chinese equivalent of Link 16,[15] a significant improvement of earlier HN-900 which is the Chinese equivalent of Link 11/TADIL-A[16] installed on Type 052C. The general designer of JSIDLS is Major General Wang Jianxin (王建新), who was also the head of the research institute of the People's Liberation Army General Staff Department assigned as primary contractor of JSIDLS. More than 300 establishments and 8000 people were involved in the development of JSIDLS, and it won State Science and Technology Prizes after completion.[17]

Ships of classEdit

Hull no. Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
157m variant
DDG-172[18] 昆明 / Kunming[18] Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[18] 21 March 2014[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
DDG-173[18] 长沙 / Changsha[18] Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[18] 12 August 2015[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
DDG-174[1] 合肥 / Hefei[1] 12 December 2015[1] South Sea Fleet[1] Active[1]
DDG-175[19] 银川 / Yinchuan[19] 12 July 2016[19] South Sea Fleet[19] Active[19]
DDG-117[20] 西宁 / Xining[20] 22 January 2017[20] North Sea Fleet[20] Active[20]
DDG-118[21] 乌鲁木齐 / Ürümqi[21] January 2018 North Sea Fleet Active[22]
DDG-154[23] 厦门 / Xiamen[23] 10 June 2017[23] East Sea Fleet[23] Active[23]
DDG-155[21]
DDG-119[24] 贵阳 / Guiyang[24] Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company[24] November 2015[24] 22 February 2019[24] North Sea Fleet[24] Active[24]
DDG-161[21] 呼和浩特 / Hohhot[21]
Unknown[21]
Unknown[21]
Unknown[21]
161m variant
Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co., Ltd.[4] July 2018[4] Fitting out
Unknown[21]
Unknown[21]
Unknown[21]

See alsoEdit

Comparable shipsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Yao, Jianing, ed. (14 December 2015). "New missile destroyer joins South China Sea Fleet". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b Chan, Minnie (14 May 2019). "China launches two new Type 052D destroyers as it continues drive to strengthen naval force". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Stephen Saunders (2015). Jane's Fighting Ships 2015–2016. IHS Janes Information Group. p. 138.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Tate, Andrew (31 July 2018). "China launches first stretched Type 052D destroyer". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  5. ^ a b Tate, Andrew (2017). China heads for a step change in naval capabilities (PDF) (Report). Jane's 360. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 July 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  6. ^ a b Majumdar, Dave (14 May 2014). "Construction of China's Type 055 destroyers forges ahead". USNI News. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e Wong, Kelvin (2017). Undersea dragon: Chinese ASW capabilities advance (PDF) (Report). Jane's 360. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d McDevitt: page 62
  9. ^ a b c d Li: page 44
  10. ^ a b Wang, Weixing, ed. (4 September 2012). "谜一样的战舰 从052D驱逐舰看中舰艇系统" [A Ship of Mystery: The Shipborne Systems of Type 052D] (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2012-10-11.
  11. ^ a b c d China Military Power: Modernizing a Force to Fight and Win (PDF) (Report). United States Defense Intelligence Agency. 2019. p. 70. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  12. ^ a b c "Newly Built PLAN Type 052D Destroyers Getting Fitted with Larger H/PJ-11 CIWS". Navy Recognition. 25 July 2016. Archived from the original on 6 November 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  13. ^ Holmes: page 4
  14. ^ "PLA data link". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  15. ^ "我海军已装备全军综合数据链 应对更严酷作战环境, New joint service data link system adopted by the Chinese navy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  16. ^ "解放軍網戰建設, "Developments in PLA cyberwarfare capabilities"". June 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-10-12. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  17. ^ "总参某信息化研究所:一切为打赢未来信息化战争, Research institute of the General Staff Department develops new data link system". April 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-10-12. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Tate, Andrew (21 July 2015). "China commissions second Type 052D DDG, pushes ahead with frigate, corvette launches". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d e Yao, Jianing, ed. (12 July 2016). "China commissions new guided-missile destroyer Yinchuan". China Military Online. Archived from the original on 27 October 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  20. ^ a b c d e Tate, Andrew (23 January 2017). "China's North Sea Fleet receives first Type 052D destroyer". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 24 January 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence (2018). PLA Navy Identification Guide (Report). Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2018-06-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ a b c d e Rahmat, Ridzwan (21 July 2017). "China commissions sixth Type 052D-class destroyer into East Sea fleet". janes.com. Archived from the original on 2017-09-29. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g Tate, Andrew (5 March 2019). "Type 052D destroyer and Type 054A frigate enter service with PLAN". Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
Bibliography