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Xingyang (simplified Chinese: 荥阳; traditional Chinese: 滎陽; pinyin: Xíngyáng), is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, China. It is situated 15 kilometers to the west of Zhengzhou city proper. The population of Xingyang is around 590,000 and the area of Xingyang is about 908 km2 (351 sq mi).[1]

Xingyang

荥阳市
Skyline of Xingyang
Location in Zhengzhou
Location in Zhengzhou
Xingyang is located in Henan
Xingyang
Xingyang
Location in Henan
Coordinates (dm): 34°47′N 113°21′E / 34.783°N 113.350°E / 34.783; 113.350Coordinates: 34°47′N 113°21′E / 34.783°N 113.350°E / 34.783; 113.350
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Prefecture-level cityZhengzhou
Area
 • Total908 km2 (351 sq mi)
Population
 • Total590,000
 • Density650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitewww.xingyang.gov.cn

Contents

AdministrationEdit

The county-level city of Xingyang administers 16 township-level divisions, including 9 towns, 3 townships, 1 ethnic township, 2 sub-districts and 1 landscape division.

  1. Suohe Subdistrict (索河街道)
  2. Jingcheng Subdistrict (京城街道)
  3. Chengguan Township (城关乡)
  4. Qiaolou Town (乔楼镇)
  5. Yulong Town (豫龙镇)
  6. Guanwu Town (广武镇)
  7. Gaocun Township (高村乡)
  8. Wangcun Town (王村镇)
  9. Sishui Town (汜水镇)
  10. Gaoshan Town (高山镇)
  11. Liuhe Town (刘河镇)
  12. Cuimiao Town (崔庙镇)
  13. Jiayu Town (贾峪镇)
  14. Jinzhai Hui Ethnic Township (金砦回族乡)
  15. Beimang Township (北邙乡)

HistoryEdit

The name of Xingyang, coming from Shangshu, means the city located in the north of Xing River (). The history of Xingyang can be retrieved in books written more than 3,000 years ago.

It is believed in Chinese legend that Xingyang is the place where Chang'e flew to the Moon. In addition, many influential persons in Chinese history were from Xingyang, such as Shen Buhai, a legalist in the Warring States period) and Li Shangyin (a poet in late Tang Dynasty). Moreover, Xingyang is considered as the origin place of the people whose surname is Zheng () in the world.

Xingyang is home to remains from the Han dynasty.[2]

Buddhist antiquities have been found there.[3]

EconomyEdit

In 2004 the GDP is ¥ 14.5 Billion, and the GDP per capita is ¥ 23,387.

Located on the flat southern bank of the Yellow River, Xingyang's Wangcun Town is known for its aquaculture. Since their development started in 1986, the pond systems in Wangcun have grown to the total size of 15,000 mu (10 km2), making the town the largest aquaculture center in North China.[4]

In 2007, construction started in Wangcun on a large turtle farm raising the Yellow River Turtle (a local variety of the Chinese softshell turtle). With the capacity for raising 5 million turtles a year, the facility was expected to become Henan's largest farm of this kind.[5]

TransportationEdit

Travelling within the city is convenient and cheap by bus or taxi. In 2005, the start fee of Taxi for the first 3 kilometres is about ¥ 4, and the cost for every additional kilometre is ¥ 1. Fares are generally somewhat higher during 10 pm to 6 am. Normally ¥ 6-7 is maximum for traveling in the city Xingyang. The Zhengzhou West Railway Station is located in Xingyang.

Tourism SitesEdit

Famous Agriculture ProductsEdit

Notable residentsEdit

The hometown of the character Zheng (T: 鄭, S: 郑) from The Tale of Li Wa is Xingyang.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Chinese) Profile of Xingyang Archived May 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Official website of Xingyang Government, visited on April 12, 2008.
  2. ^ Qinghua Guo (2010). The Mingqi Pottery Buildings of Han Dynasty China, 206 BC-AD 220: Architectural Representations and Represented Architecture. Sussex Academic Press. pp. 201–. ISBN 978-1-84519-321-8.
  3. ^ Dorothy C. Wong (January 2004). Chinese Steles: Pre-Buddhist and Buddhist Use of a Symbolic Form. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 101–. ISBN 978-0-8248-2783-0.
  4. ^ 黄河畔的荥阳市万亩鱼塘 (Ten thousand of mu of fish ponds in the riverside Xingyang), 2011-09-30
  5. ^ 荥阳开建河南省最大黄河鳖养殖基地 (Construction started in Xingyang on the province's largest Yellow River Turtle farm), www.zynews.com,  2007-07-24
  6. ^ Nienhauser, William H. Jr. (University of Wisconsin-Madison). "A Third Look at "Li Wa Zhuan"." T'ang Studies (Print ISSN 0737-5034, Online ISSN 1759-7633), 2007(25), pp. 91–110. -- Cited: p. 100.

External linksEdit