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Wusong, formerly romanized as Woosung,[n 1] is a subdistrict of Baoshan in northern Shanghai. Prior to the city's expansion, it was a separate port town located 14 miles (23 km) down the Huangpu River from Shanghai's urban core.

Wusong
吴淞区
Subdistrict of China
1980–1988
Shanghai administrative Wusong.svg
Location of Wusong on Shanghai.
History 
• Established
1980
• Disestablished
1988
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Yangpu District
Baoshan District, Shanghai
Today part ofPart of the Baoshan District, Shanghai
Wusong
Traditional Chinese吳淞
Simplified Chinese吴淞
PostalWoosung

NameEdit

Wusong is named for the Wusong River, a former name for Shanghai's Suzhou Creek. Suzhou Creek is now a tributary to the Huangpu River, emptying into it in Puxi across from Lujiazui and just north of the Bund. The Huangpu had previously been a tributary to the Wusong, but the two reversed their importance when a flood caused it to gain a number of the Wusong's former tributaries.

HistoryEdit

Wusong housed a Qing fortress protecting the entrance to Shanghai.[1] It was captured by the British during the Battle of Woosung on 16 June 1842, amid the First Opium War. During the steamship era, it was the point of departure for large steamers bound for Shanghai.[1] This position caused it to be the site of China's first telegraph wires and first railroad, both running to Shanghai along what is today the route of the Shanghai Metro's elevated Line 3.[citation needed] By 1900, it boasted a lighthouse and a "skeleton" teahouse, as well as a small squadron of war-junks (ty-mung) of the Imperial Chinese Navy.[1]

Tongji University was founded here in 1909. During World War II, this town was the site of an internment camp for marines captured on Wake Island. Wusong became a district of Shanghai, before it was abolished in 1988 and incorporated into Baoshan District.[2]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Variant spellings include Woo-Sung.[1]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Sladen (1895), p. 278.
  2. ^ "上海地名志 总述" (in Chinese). Office of Shanghai Chronicles. 3 August 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2019.

SourcesEdit

See alsoEdit

Coordinates: 31°22′30″N 121°30′0″E / 31.37500°N 121.50000°E / 31.37500; 121.50000