Yangpu District

Yangpu District is one of the 16 districts of Shanghai. It is located in northeastern part of downtown Shanghai, bordering the Huangpu River on the east and south, Hongkou District on the west, and Baoshan District on the north. The southern part of Yangpu District is 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the Bund, a major tourist attraction. It is predominantly composed of residential communities, with a total area of 60.61 km2 (23.40 sq mi)[2] and a population of 1.313 million as of 2010.[3] The district administers 12 subdistricts.[4]

Yangpu
杨浦区
A view of Wujiaochang (五角场)
A view of Wujiaochang (五角场)
Location within Shanghai
Location within Shanghai
Coordinates: 31°15′35″N 121°31′33″E / 31.2598°N 121.5257°E / 31.2598; 121.5257Coordinates: 31°15′35″N 121°31′33″E / 31.2598°N 121.5257°E / 31.2598; 121.5257Yangpu government
CountryPeople's Republic of China
MunicipalityShanghai
Government
 • District GovernorJin Xinming (CCP)
Area
 • Total60.61 km2 (23.40 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[3]
 • Total1,313,222
 • Density22,000/km2 (56,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Websitewww.shyp.gov.cn
Chinese names
Yangpu District
Traditional Chinese楊浦
Simplified Chinese杨浦
Literal meaningPoplar Bank District
Yangshupu
Traditional Chinese楊樹浦
Simplified Chinese杨树浦
PostalYangtzepoo
Yangtszepoo
Literal meaningPoplar Tree Bank

NameEdit

The name Yangshupu, formerly romanized as Yangtzepoo or Yangtszepoo, is Chinese for "poplar bank" and refers to the creek (simplified Chinese: 杨树浦|河; traditional Chinese: 楊樹浦河; pinyin: Yángshùpǔ Hé) running through the area beside present-day Lanzhou Rd (formerly Lay Road)[5][better source needed] from the Qiu River in the north to the Huangpu River in the south. Yangshupu District was established in 1945, but the Shanghai Municipal Government contracted the name to Yangpu in 1950.[6]

HistoryEdit

As with most of modern Shanghai, the territory of Yangpu has been formed by sediments deposited by the Yangtze River over many centuries.[citation needed] It was probably in the shallows of the East China Sea as late as the Tang Dynasty.[citation needed] During the Northern Song, the Wuyu River (simplified Chinese: 吴淤江; traditional Chinese: 吳淤江; pinyin: Wúyū Jiāng) entered the sea somewhere around modern Wujiaochang (simplified Chinese: 五角场; traditional Chinese: 五角場; pinyin: Wǔjiǎochǎng).[citation needed] Daoist and Buddhist temples are known to have been established in the vicinity around this time.[citation needed] In 1404, the Huangpu River shifted to its present course, entering the Yangtze River around Wusong.[citation needed] Toward the end of the Ming Dynasty, villages along the river flourished, engaging in agriculture, banking, textiles and water-borne trade.[citation needed]

In 1842, the Treaty of Nanking opened Shanghai as a treaty port,[citation needed] and in 1863, part of present-day Yangpu District was included in the Shanghai Concession.[6] Beginning in the 1880s, the area of contemporary Yangpu District began industrializing, with the Shanghai Machinery and Papermaking Office (Chinese: 上海机器造纸局; pinyin: Shànghǎi Jīqì Zàozhǐ Jú) opening in 1882, and the Yangshupu Waterworks opening in 1883.[7] In 1890, the Shanghai Machine Weaving Office (Chinese: 上海机器织布局; pinyin: Shànghǎi Jīqì Zhībù Jú), one of China's first modern textile weaving factories, was established.[7] In 1899, 10.89 km2 (4.20 sq mi) of what is now the south of modern Yangpu District was partitioned to become part of the International Settlement.[citation needed] Additional factories were constructed soon after in the area, especially along Yangshupu Road.[citation needed] Textile, paper-making, and shipbuilding industries were established by the early 20th century in what was then organized as part of Hongkew (now Hongkou).[citation needed] By the early 1920s, journalist turned revolutionary Chen Duxiu remarked in the New Youth magazine that the area of Yangshupu had become industrialized.[7] By 1927, the area hosted 57 foreign factories, and a thriving textile industry.[7] In 1929, the Wujiaochang farmers' market ("Pentagon Plaza") was constructed in the north.[citation needed] Later, during the Japanese occupation from 1937 to 1945, barracks and houses were built in the area.[citation needed] The inland part of the former International Settlement in the area made up part of the Shanghai Ghetto.[citation needed] In December 1944, Yangshupu District was established with an area of 7.7 km2 (3.0 sq mi).[citation needed]

Following the Communist conquest of Shanghai in 1949, the area was developed.[clarification needed] Yangpu District's boundaries expanded in 1956, 1960, and 1984.[6] The area was especially used for heavy industries.[citation needed] The district's present territory west of the river was formed after the incorporation of Wujiaochang District from Baoshan County in 1984.[citation needed] In 1992, Yangpu's territories south of the Huangpu River were designated part of the Pudong New District.[6]

EducationEdit

 
A building belonging to Tongji University

A number of prominent universities are situated in Yangpu District, such as Fudan University, Tongji University, the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, the Shanghai University of Electric Power, the University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Second Military Medical University, the Shanghai University of Sport, and Shanghai Ocean University.[8][9]

Both the Lycée Français de Shanghai and German School Shanghai share a "Eurocampus" in Yangpu District, which opened in 2019.[10][11][12]

EconomyEdit

Since the beginning of the 21st century, Yangpu District has increasingly developed away from labor-intensive industry towards commerce and high technology:[citation needed] the area around Wujiaochang now boast ten large commercial centers and the research and development zone on Dalian Road hosts the regional headquarters of Siemens and Continental AG.[13]

SubdistrictsEdit

As of 2020, Yangpu District administers 12 subdistricts.[4]

Name Chinese (S)[4] Hanyu Pinyin Shanghainese Romanization Population (2010)[14] Area (km2)
Dinghai Road Subdistrict [zh] 定海路街道 Dìnghǎilù Jiēdào din he lu ka do 100,480 6.25
Pingliang Road Subdistrict [zh] 平凉路街道 Píngliánglù Jiēdào bin lian lu ka do 85,870 3.41
Jiangpu Road Subdistrict [zh] 江浦路街道 Jiāngpǔlù Jiēdào kaon phu lu ka do 95,382 2.39
Siping Road Subdistrict [zh] 四平路街道 Sìpínglù Jiēdào sy bin lu ka do 92,505 2.64
Kongjiang Road Subdistrict [zh] 控江路街道 Kòngjiānglù Jiēdào khon cian kaon lu ka do 105,613 2.15
Changbai Xincun Subdistrict [zh] 长白新村街道 Chángbái Xīncūn Jiēdào tzan baq sin tsen ka do 70,195 3.05
Yanji Xincun Subdistrict [zh] 延吉新村街道 Yánjí Xīncūn Jiēdào yi ciq sin tsen ka do 90,334 2.04
Yinhang Subdistrict [zh] 殷行街道 Yīnháng Jiēdào in raon ka do 192,554 9.52
Daqiao Subdistrict 大桥街道 Dàqiáo Jiēdào da djio ka do 124,954 4.41
Wujiaochang Subdistrict [zh] 五角场街道 Wǔjiǎochǎng Jiēdào ng koq dzan ka do 149,090 7.66
Xinjiangwancheng Subdistrict [zh] 新江湾城街道 Xīnjiāngwānchéng Jiēdào sin kaon ue zen ka do 27,251 8.68
Changhai Road Subdistrict [zh] 长海路街道 Zhǎnghǎilù Jiēdào 178,994 8.77

TransportationEdit

Yangpu District is connected to the neighbouring Pudong New Area across the Huangpu River by one bridge, three tunnels, and six ferry lines. These include the Yangpu Bridge, the Xiangyin Road Tunnel [zh], the Dalian Road Tunnel [zh], and the Jungong Road Tunnel [zh].[15] A fourth tunnel, the Yinhang Road Tunnel is currently under construction.[citation needed]

The Inner Ring Road and Middle Ring Road traverse through Yangpu District.[15]

The industrial wharves along the Huangpu River which service the industrial centres of Yangpu are being phased out by residential developments on the waterfront. Yangpu District has 15.5 kilometers of bank along Huangpu River, which is the longest among all districts in Puxi. As of July 2019, 5.5 kilometers of jogging and cycling lane has been built along the bank.[16]

MetroEdit

Yangpu is currently served by four metro lines operated by Shanghai Metro: Line 4, Line 8, Line 10, Line 12 and Line 18.[15][17][18]

SportsEdit

Jiangwan Stadium is located in Yangpu District.[15]

Parks and recreationEdit

Yangpu District is home to Gongqing Forest Park.[15]

The Fudan University Museum (Chinese: 复旦大学博物馆; pinyin: Fùdàn Dàxué Bówùguǎn), a public display of historical artefacts in possession of Fudan University, is located on the university's campus in Yangpu District.[15][19]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Shanghai Yangpu. "District Governor". Shanghai Yangpu Government. Retrieved 2001-07-29.
  2. ^ a b Shanghai Yangpu. "Geographical Location". Shanghai Yangpu Government. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
  3. ^ a b Yangpu District People's Government. 上海市杨浦区2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in Simplified Chinese). Retrieved 2011-07-29.
  4. ^ a b c 2020年统计用区划代码(杨浦区) [2020 Statistical Division Codes (Yangpu District)] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2020. Archived from the original on 2021-05-20. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  5. ^ "The Streets of Shanghai". Tales of Old Shanghai. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d 杨浦区历史沿革 [Yangpu District Organizational History]. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2014-04-11. Archived from the original on 2021-05-20. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  7. ^ a b c d 百年工业 [One hundred years of industry] (in Chinese). Yangpu District People's Government. Archived from the original on 2021-05-20. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  8. ^ 百年大学 [One hundred years of university] (in Chinese). Yangpu District People's Government. Archived from the original on 2021-05-20. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  9. ^ "Home (Chinese). Shanghai University of Sport. Retrieved on November 11, 2015. "上海市杨浦区长海路399 号 邮编:200438" - English address: "588 Qing Yuan Huan Rd., 200438 Shanghai, China"
  10. ^ "Eurocampus Shanghai". Lycée Français de Shanghai. Archived from the original on 2021-05-20. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  11. ^ "LOCATION Le Campus du Yangpu." Lycée Français de Shanghai. Retrieved on September 12, 2017.
  12. ^ "Eine neue Schule für die deutsch-französische Gemeinschaft." German School Shanghai. Retrieved on February 1, 2018. "Die DS Shanghai hat sich[...]Schulbildung in Shanghai weiter ausgebaut werden. "
  13. ^ Mao, Xinhui (16 October 2012). "大连路总部研发集聚区:雄鹰蓄势待发". Yangpu Times (in Chinese). Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  14. ^ Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 中国2010人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  15. ^ a b c d e f 杨浦区概况地图 [Yangpu District Overview]. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2014-04-11. Archived from the original on 2021-05-20. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  16. ^ "杨浦滨江:加速打造世界级滨水岸线". Official Website of Shanghai Municipal People's Government (in Chinese). 4 July 2019. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  17. ^ "Metro". Yangpu District People's Government. 2010-04-13. Archived from the original on 2021-05-20. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  18. ^ 大年初二 轨交18号线施工现场一派忙碌景象 [A busy scene at the construction site of Line 18 on the second day of the Lunar New Year] (in Chinese). Yangpu District People's Government. 2021-02-18. Archived from the original on 2021-05-20. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  19. ^ 复旦大学博物馆 [Fudan University Museum] (in Chinese). Fudan University. Archived from the original on 2021-05-20. Retrieved 2021-05-20.

External linksEdit