World Senior Chess Championship

The World Senior Chess Championship is an annual chess tournament established in 1991 by FIDE, the World Chess Federation.

Overview Edit

Originally, the minimum age was 60 years for men, and 50 for women.

Since 2014, the Senior Championship is split in two different age categories, 50+ and 65+, with separate open and women-only tournaments. Participants must reach the age of 50 or 65 years by December 31 of the year of the event.

The championship is organized as an eleven-round Swiss system tournament. It is an open tournament, and each FIDE member federation may send as many players as desired. A separate women's tournament is held only if there are enough participants (at least 10 women from four different FIDE zones).

The winners of the open tournaments (both age categories) are awarded the title of Grandmaster if they do not already have it and the winners of the women's tournaments (both age categories) are awarded the title of Woman Grandmaster if they do not already have it.

So far one World Chess Champion, Vasily Smyslov, has gone on to win the World Senior Championship as well, winning the first such championship aged 70 in 1991. Nona Gaprindashvili is the only Women's World Chess Champion to obtain the women's World Senior title as well.

The oldest World Senior Champion, male or female – before the split in two different age categories was made – was Viktor Korchnoi, who won the title at the age of 75 and a half (in 2006, his only participation).

Vlastimil Jansa then won the 65+ section at the age of 76 in 2018 (his first gold medal), Gaprindashvili won the same year in the women's group 65+ at the age of 77. Julio Ernesto Granda Zuniga of Peru (born in 1967) is the youngest Senior World Chess Champion, section 50+, at the age of 50 in 2017.

For comparison, the oldest reigning World Chess Champion ever was Wilhelm Steinitz, who held the title until the age of 58 years, 10 days.[1] The oldest reigning classical World Chess Champion since the inception of the World Senior Chess championship in 1991 was Viswanathan Anand, who held the title until age 43.[2]

Since 2022 there is a new category, 75+ with open-only tournament.

History Edit

The 8th World Senior Championship was held 9–23 November 1998 in Grieskirchen, Austria. Vladimir Bagirov (Latvia) won the 200-player men's section on tie-break over Wolfgang Uhlmann (Germany), both with 8.5/11. Ten players tied a half point behind with 8.0/11, including former World Championship Candidates Mark Taimanov and Borislav Ivkov, the first ever World Junior Chess Champion. WGM Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia) won the 24-player women's section outright with 9.5 points.

The 13th World Senior Championship was held 16–29 November 2003 in Bad Zwischenahn, Germany. IM Yuri Shabanov (Russia) won the 272-player men's section 9.0/11 on tie-break over GM Jānis Klovāns (Latvia) and IM Vladimir Bukal (Croatia). Khmiadashvili (Georgia) won the 22-player women's section 7.5/9 on tie-break over WGM Marta Litinskaya-Shul (Ukraine).

The 14th World Senior Championship was held 24 October–5 November 2004 in Halle (Saale), Germany. IM Yuri Shabanov (Russia) defended his championship, winning the 215-player men's section on a tie-break with five players scoring 8.5/11. GM Elena Fatalibekova (Russia) won the 19-player women's section outright with 8.0/9.

The 16th World Senior Chess Championship was held 11–23 September 2006 in Arvier, Italy. Former World Chess Championship challenger and top seed GM Viktor Korchnoi (Switzerland) won the 126-player men's section 9.0/11. Competing in his first and sole Seniors' Championship, Korchnoi won his first four games, drew in the fifth round with Jānis Klovāns, and then won the next three again. Entering the ninth round with a full point lead, Korchnoi drew his final three games to take the € 3000 gold medal. WGM Ludmila Saunina (Russia), won the 14-player women's section by a full point, 8.5/11, to earn € 700.

Winners Edit

# Year City Open Tournament winner Women's Tournament winner
1 1991   Bad Wörishofen (Germany)   Vasily Smyslov (Russia)   Eva Ladanyine-Karakas (Hungary)
2 1992   Bad Wörishofen (Germany)   Efim Geller (Russia)   Eva Ladanyine-Karakas (Hungary)
3 1993   Bad Wildbad (Germany)   Mark Taimanov (Russia)   Tatiana Zatulovskaya (Russia)
4 1994   Biel/Bienne (Switzerland)   Mark Taimanov (Russia)   Eva Ladanyine-Karakas (Hungary)
5 1995   Bad Liebenzell (Germany)   Evgeny Vasiukov (Russia)   Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia)
6 1996   Bad Liebenzell (Germany)   Alexey Suetin (Russia)   Valentina Kozlovskaya (Russia)
7 1997   Bad Wildbad (Germany)   Jānis Klovāns (Latvia)   Tatiana Zatulovskaya (Russia)
8 1998   Grieskirchen (Austria)   Vladimir Bagirov (Latvia)   Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia)
9 1999   Gladenbach (Germany)   Jānis Klovāns (Latvia)   Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia)
10 2000   Rowy (Poland)   Oleg Chernikov (Russia)   Elena Fatalibekova (Russia)
11 2001   Arco (Italy)   Jānis Klovāns (Latvia)   Elena Fatalibekova (Russia)
12 2002   Naumburg (Germany)   Juzefs Petkēvičs (Latvia)   Marta Litinskaya (Ukraine)
13 2003   Bad Zwischenahn (Germany)   Yuri Shabanov (Russia)   Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia)
14 2004   Halle, Saxony-Anhalt (Germany)   Yuri Shabanov (Russia)   Elena Fatalibekova (Russia)
15 2005   Lignano Sabbiadoro (Italy)   Liuben Spassov (Bulgaria)   Ludmila Saunina (Russia)
16 2006   Arvier (Italy)   Viktor Korchnoi (Switzerland)   Ludmila Saunina (Russia)
17 2007   Gmunden (Austria)   Algimantas Butnorius (Lithuania)   Hanna Ereńska-Barlo (Poland)
18 2008   Bad Zwischenahn (Germany)   Larry Kaufman (USA) and   Mihai Suba (Romania)   Tamāra Vilerte (Latvia)
19 2009   Condino (Italy)   Mišo Cebalo (Croatia)   Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia)
20 2010   Arco (Italy)   Anatoly Vaisser (France)   Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia)
21 2011   Opatija (Croatia)   Vladimir Okhotnik (France)   Galina Strutinskaya (Russia)
22 2012   Kamena Vourla (Greece)   Jens Kristiansen (Denmark)   Galina Strutinskaya (Russia)
23 2013   Opatija (Croatia)   Anatoly Vaisser (France)   Yelena Ankudinova (Kazakhstan)
24 2014   Katerini (Greece)   Anatoly Vaisser (France) (65+)
  Zurab Sturua (Georgia) (50+)
  Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia) (65+)
  Svetlana Mednikova (Russia) (50+)
25 2015   Acqui Terme (Italy)   Vladimir Okhotnik (France) (65+)
  Predrag Nikolic (Bosnia and Herzegovina) (50+)
  Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia) (65+)
  Galina Strutinskaia (Russia) (50+)
26 2016   Marianske Lazne (Czech Republic)   Anatoly Vaisser (France) (65+)
  Giorgi Bagaturov (Georgia) (50+)
  Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia) (65+)
  Tatiana Bogumil (Russia) (50+)
27 2017   Acqui Terme (Italy)   Evgeny Sveshnikov (Russia) (65+)
  Julio Granda (Peru) (50+)
  Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia) (65+)
  Elvira Berend (Luxembourg) (50+)
28 2018   Bled (Slovenia)   Vlastimil Jansa (Czech Republic) (65+)
  Karen Movsziszian (Armenia) (50+)
  Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia) (65+)
  Elvira Berend (Luxembourg) (50+)
29 2019   Bucharest (Romania)   Rafael Vaganian (Armenia) (65+)
  Vadim Shishkin (Ukraine) (50+)
  Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia) (65+)
  Elvira Berend (Luxembourg) (50+)
30 2022   Assisi (Italy)   Valentin Bogdanov (Ukraine) (75+)
  John Nunn (England) (65+)
  Zurab Sturua (Georgia) (50+)

  Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia) (65+)
  Elvira Berend (Luxembourg) (50+)

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Older Chess Players".
  2. ^ Born Dec. 1969, lost against Carlsen in Nov. 2013.