Katerini (Greek: Κατερίνη, Kateríni, pronounced [ka̠te̞ˈɾiɲi]) is a city in Central Macedonia, Greece, the capital of Pieria regional unit. It lies on the Pierian plain, between Mt. Olympus and the Thermaikos Gulf, at an altitude of 14 m. The city has a population of 85,851 (according to the 2014 census) and it is the second most populous urban area at the Region of Macedonia after Thessaloniki. The close distance between two cities (68km), has been beneficial for Katerini's development over recent years. Katerini is accessible from the main Thessaloniki–Athens highway GR-1/E75 (with the Katerini's South and North interchanges) and the Egnatia Odos to the north. It is served by Intercity, Proastiakos (Suburban Railway) and local trains on the main railway line from Athens to Thessaloniki and there is a comprehensive regional and national bus service with its hub in the city.
Katerini's town hall
|Administrative region||Central Macedonia|
|• Mayor||Savvas Chionidis|
|• Municipality||681.863 km2 (263.269 sq mi)|
|• Municipal unit||93.659 km2 (36.162 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|• Municipality density||130/km2 (330/sq mi)|
|• Municipal unit||62,205|
|• Municipal unit density||660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|• Population||58,309 (2011)|
|• Area (km2)||63.196|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
60100, 60131, 60132, 60133, 60134
A popular tourist destination in northern Greece, Katerini is close to the sea (6 km) and to several archaeological sites of great interest such as the ancient city of Dion (5th century BC, 17 km away), the ancient Leivithra (27 km away) and the Castle of Platamon. The beaches of Korinos, Paralia and Olympiaki Akti (or Katerinoskala) are visited by both Greek and foreign tourists during the Summer. The base of Mount Olympus and the town of Litochoro, are at a distance of around 20 km from the centre of Katerini, whereas there is the Ski center of Elatochori in Mount Pieria at a distance of 33.4 km from the city's centre.
Name and historyEdit
The origin of the name is obscure. Since the 13th century, travellers as well as maps record the existence of a settlement called Hatera (Ἅτηρα), which may have been the origin of the modern name. Thus Felix Beaujour recorded its name as "Katheri", while François Pouqueville gives the name of the settlement as "Kateri Hatera". According to another theory, the city derives its name from the small chapel dedicated to Saint Catherine (Aikaterini in Greek) to the east of the city, dating to at least the early 19th century. The latter hypothesis influenced official usage in Greek, where the city is found as "Aikaterini" or "Agia Aikaterini" until the early 20th century, when the vernacular name Katerini prevailed.
According to the reports of travellers, at the turn of the 19th century, the city had four to five thousand inhabitants, mostly Greeks. In 1806, William Martin Leake recorded 100 hearths, while four years later Daniel recorded 140. For the remainder of the 19th century, the number of homes remained steady at about 300, with a population in 1900 of 2,070 Greek Orthodox mostly Vlach, and 600 Muslims, most of them of Albanian origin.
The city was captured by the Greek 7th Infantry Division on 16 October 1912, during the First Balkan War, and has been part of Greece since then. With the population exchange between Greece and Turkey in 1923, the city's Muslims left, and Greek refugees, particularly from Eastern Thrace and Greek Evangelicals from Asia Minor, took their place, almost doubling the city's population from 5,540 in 1920 to 10,138 in 1928.
The municipality of Katerini was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 6 former municipalities, that became municipal units of the newly formed Katerini municipality:
- Elafina, population 4,313
- Katerini, population 62,205
- Korinos, population 5,557
- Paralia, population 6,803
- Petra, population 4,888
- Pierioi, population 2,085
- Katerini, population 58,309
- Svoronos, population 2,175
- Ano Agios Ioannis, population 477
- Ganochora, population 799
- Neokaisareia, population 445
- Andromachi, population 1,061
- Katerini, population 55,997
- Nea Chrani, population 467
- Neo Keramidi, population 464
- Olympiaki Akti, population 320
The municipality Katerini has an area of 681.863 km2, the municipal unit Katerini has an area of 93.659 km2, the community Katerini 63.196 km2.
|Climate data for Katerini|
|Average high °C (°F)||9.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||4.9
|Average low °C (°F)||0.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||38
|Source: Climate-data.org |
Katerini is located near several villages which are renowned for their high quality products. In particular kiwis and cherries are one of the more important productions in the region, as well as strawberries. There is also cultivation of tobacco in the region and lot of people spend considerable resources for its development and for exports of the product.
|Results of the 2010 local elections in the Municipality of Katerini|
Katerini is the administrative and economic centre of Pieria. The Chamber of commerce and industry of Pieria is based in Katerini. The same applies for the Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Pieria and the Union of hotel owners of Pieria.
Katerini lies in the middle of a plain and thus, it is greatly an agricultural city. As of 2000 26,775 people were occupied in agriculture, in Pieria. The Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Pieria has 9,000 members, of which 2,000 grow tobacco. Kiwifruit is also produced in Katerini.
Katerini is a popular tourist destination, that attracts tourist both from Greece and abroad. Within the boundaries of the municipality, there are over 230 hotels that can accommodate more that 8,600 people. The vast majority of the tourist infrastructure lie in Paralia and Olympiaki Akti and it also includes tens of tavernas and cafes. Winter tourism has started developing in the area, since the construction of the Elatochori ski resort. Katerini is surrounded by ancient archaeological sites as Dion, Leivithra, Pydna, Louloudies and Platamon Castle which are worth a visit.
The Urban KTEL of Katerini serves the connection between Katerini and its nearby settlements. The bus hub is in Katerini and it has lines towards Moschochori, Paralia, Dion, Pieria, Aronas and Nea Trapezounta. These lines serve all the settlements that lie between Katerini and the aforementioned final destinations.
Katerini is served by A1 and National Road 1 that run north-south from Evzonoi to Athens. The connection between Katerini and Elassona is served by National Road 13. Single carriageways run from Katerini to every settlement of the Pieria. Bus lines, delivered by the Intercity KTEL of Pieria, connect Katerini directly with Athens, Thessaloniki, Elassona, Alexandreia and all the settlements of Pieria that are not served by the Urban KTEL of Katerini. There are also privately held international bus lines that connect Katerini with several cities in Albania and Bulgaria.
Katerini railway station is located just outside the city centre. The main line of the Greek railway system that connects Athens with Thessaloniki passes through Katerini. As a result, the city is connected directly with Larisa and Thessaloniki via the Proastiakos It is also connected with Athens and all the intermediate stations by Intercity train lines.
|Year||Community population||Municipal unit population||Municipality population|
Katerini is home to a significant Aromanian population that exceeds 3,000 people. Aromanians of Katerini mainly descend from nearby Aromanian settlements of Livadi and Kokkinopilos, and in lesser numbers from Samarina, Moscopole, Avdella, Perivoli and Smixi. According to some sources the Aromanians formed a majority amongst the city's Christian population in the beginning of the 20th century.
Georgios, a Greek orthodox Metropolis (religious jurisdiction)of the Church of Greece has his seat in Katerini.  The Diocese of Metropolis of Kitros, Katerini and Platamonas has 16 congregations within the city of Katerini. There is also an Old Calendarist church in the city. Katerini has a relatively numerous Protestant community, as a result of the organised settlement of Evangelical Greek refugees from Asia Minor and Pontus (region).  Today the Greek Evangelical Church of Katerini has almost 1,100 followers. Other Protestant denominations, that have a church within the city, are the Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost, the Greek Apostolic Church of Pentecost and the Seventh-day Adventist Church.  The Protestant community is fully integrated in the life of the city, but in the past there were tensions between the Evangelical community and the Greek Orthodox majority. These tensions led to the arson of the Evangelical Church of Katerini from a Greek Orthodox mob in March 1930.
As of 2001, the Municipal unit of Katerini (then Municipality of Katerini) was home to 2,794 foreign nationals (4.9% of the total population). Amongst them the most populous ethnic group was Albanians (2.5%) followed by Georgians (0.5%), Russians (0.4%) and Bulgarians (0.3%).
Katerini is represented by two football teams in the national leagues; Pierikos, a club currently playing in the Football League 2. The women's football club of Pierides Muses plays in the Women's Second National Division.
|Sport clubs based in Katerini|
(Former:Megas Alexandros Katerini & Olympos Katerini)
|Football , Volleyball||Earlier presence in A Ethniki football, finalist Greek cup|
|GAS Archelaos||1956||Handball, Track and Field and other sports||Panhellenic titles in Greek Handball|
|Ethnikos Katerini||1973||Football||Earlier presence in Gamma Ethniki|
|Vataniakos F.C.||1978||Football||Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki|
|Pierikos-Archelaos B.C.||2008||Basketball||Presence in A2 Ethniki|
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