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World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology

The World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology or WASET is a publisher of a number of open access journals on a wide variety of scientific and technical subjects.[1] The publisher has been listed as a "potential, possible, or probable" predatory publisher by Jeffrey Beall,[2] and has been accused of arranging predatory conferences, in order to artificially boost the academic credentials of presenters and paper submitters.[3][4][5] It claims to organize several thousands of scientific conferences a year, using names that are the same or similar to real conferences organized by established scientific groups.[6] For instance, for 2018, WASET have 58,669 conferences planned, from a pool of 49,844 with numerous conferences occurring multiple times.[7] Hundreds of conferences may be scheduled for the same location on the same day (e.g. 116 simultaneous scientific meetings in a hotel in Rio de Janeiro in February 2016).[8][9] The conferences are low-quality, described in one case as a "Potemkin village"[10]—and anyone can present a paper by simply paying the registration fee.[11] Conferences are planned many years in advance.[8] Names of researchers have been included as conference committee members, without their knowledge or consent.[8][12] Legitimate conferences have publicly warned of identically named, fake WASET conferences.[13][14] In 2015, the University of Toronto released a "scam advisory" about a purported conference on their premises advertised by WASET.[15][16]

One of their journals, the International Journal of Medical, Pharmaceutical, Biological, and Life Sciences, accepted an obviously fake article in a sting operation.[17]

WASET is based in Turkey and is registered in Azerbaijan.[18] Its domain name was registered 2007 with a contact address in Dubai.[19] It is run by Cemal Ardil, a former science teacher, with assistance from his daughter Ebru and his son Bora. Cemal Ardil is also the person who has published the most articles on the WASET website.[20]

Journals are indexed in WASET's "International Science Index", not to be confused with the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) index, i.e. the Web of Science.[8] WASET journals were indexed by Scopus and listed in the SCImago Journal Rank from 2009 until 2011, when the coverage was cancelled.[21]


  1. ^ Beall, Jeffrey (2014-08-28). "Predatory Publisher Organizes Conference Using Same Name as Legitimate Conference". Scholarly Open Access. Archived from the original on 2016-05-03. Retrieved 2015-02-03. 
  2. ^ Beall, Jeffrey (2016-12-31). "Beall's List: Potential, possible, or probable predatory scholarly open-access publishers". Scholarly Open Access. Archived from the original on 2017-01-03. Retrieved 2017-01-03. 
  3. ^ Beall, Jeffrey (2015-10-06). "More Duplication of Journal Titles and Conference Names by Predatory Publishers". Scholarly Open Access. Archived from the original on 2016-12-24. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  4. ^ Spiewak, Martin (2017-10-25). "Wissenschaftskonferenzen: Tagen im Zwielicht". Die Zeit (in German). Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  5. ^ Spears, Tom (2017-03-10). "When pigs fly: Fake science conferences abound for fraud and profit". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2017-11-08. 
  6. ^ "WASET Bogus and Fake Conferences". 2014-02-02. Archived from the original on 2015-04-30. Retrieved 2017-07-04. 
  7. ^ "WASET Watch". WASET Watch. Retrieved 2017-10-31. 
  8. ^ a b c d Weber-Wulff, Debora (2015-04-04). "Brazilian Government recommends mock conference". Copy, Shake, and Paste: A blog about plagiarism and scientific misconduct. Archived from the original on 2017-07-05. Retrieved 2017-07-04. 
  9. ^ Grove, Jack (2017-10-26). "Predatory conferences 'now outnumber official scholarly events'". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  10. ^ Kolata, Gina (2017-10-30). "Many Academics Are Eager to Publish in Worthless Journals". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  11. ^ Spears, Tom (2014-10-08). "Science fiction? Why the long-cherished peer-review system is under attack". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2015-02-03. 
  12. ^ White, Andrew (2016-04-11). "Junk conference warning". University of Queensland, School of Mathematics and Physics, QT Lab. Archived from the original on 2017-03-30. Retrieved 2017-07-04. 
  13. ^ "Beware of fake conferences". 26th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks (ICANN). 2016-11-11. Archived from the original on 2017-07-04. Retrieved 2017-07-04. 
  14. ^ "ICP12 2016 in Utrecht!". 12th International Conference on Paleoceanography (ICP12). 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-09-14. Retrieved 2017-07-04. 
  15. ^ McCrostie, James (2016-05-11). "'Predatory conferences' stalk Japan's groves of academia | The Japan Times". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  16. ^ "Fake Conference Advertisement | ITS | University of Toronto". Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  17. ^ Bohannon, John. "Data and Documents: Who's Afraid of Peer Review?". American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Retrieved 2017-07-04. 
  18. ^ "Azerbaijani "academy" fools a lot of scientists from around the world". Panorama. 2014-06-24. Retrieved 2015-02-03. 
  19. ^ "". Whois: Identity for everyone. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  20. ^ Kaplan, Sefa (2010-12-12). "Parayı bastıranı profesör yapıyorlar" [He who plunks down money gets made professor]. Hürriyet (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2016-11-28. Retrieved 2015-02-03. 
  21. ^ "World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology". Scimago Journal & Country Rank. Archived from the original on 2017-07-06. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 

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