Woluwe-Saint-Pierre

Woluwe-Saint-Pierre (French pronunciation: ​[wolywe sɛ̃ pjɛʁ])[a] or Sint-Pieters-Woluwe (Dutch pronunciation: [sɪnt ˈpitərs ˈʋoːlyʋə] (listen)) is one of the 19 municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region, Belgium. Located in the eastern part of the region, it is bordered by Etterbeek, Auderghem and Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, as well as the Flemish municipalities of Kraainem and Tervuren. In common with all of Brussels' municipalities, it is legally bilingual (French–Dutch).

Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre (French)
Sint-Pieters-Woluwe (Dutch)
Woluwe Saint-Pierre's Municipal Hall
Woluwe Saint-Pierre's Municipal Hall
Flag of Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Coat of arms of Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Location of Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre is located in Belgium
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Location in Belgium
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre municipality in the Brussels-Capital Region
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre Brussels-Capital Belgium Map.svg
Coordinates: 50°50′N 04°28′E / 50.833°N 4.467°E / 50.833; 4.467Coordinates: 50°50′N 04°28′E / 50.833°N 4.467°E / 50.833; 4.467
Country Belgium
CommunityFlemish Community
French Community
RegionBrussels-Capital
ArrondissementBrussels-Capital
Government
 • MayorBenoît Cerexhe (LB)
 • Governing party/iesLB, Ecolo-Groen, DéFI
Area
 • Total8.94 km2 (3.45 sq mi)
Population
 (2020-01-01)[1]
 • Total42,119
 • Density4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Postal codes
1150
Area codes02
Websitewww.woluwe1150.be

As of 1 January 2022, the municipality had a population of 42,216 inhabitants.[2] The total area is 8.94 km2 (3.45 sq mi), which gives a population density of 4,722/km2 (12,230/sq mi). It is mostly a well-to-do residential area, which includes the wide, park-lined, Avenue de Tervueren/Tervurenlaan, and the numerous embassies located near Marshal Montgomery Square. Of the three streams that once crossed the municipality, only the Woluwe, a tributary of the Senne, can still largely be seen today.

HistoryEdit

Middle Ages to 17th centuryEdit

The first appearance of the name Wolewe dates from 1117 and can be found in a charter from Forest. At that time, the original hamlet and its farms were dependencies of the Park Abbey near Leuven. The onset of difficulties can be traced to the middle of the 16th century, with the hostilities waged by Philip II of Spain against the heretical Protestants and the ensuing poverty and famine took their toll on the entire population. Safety and prosperity returned under the reigns of Archdukes Albert VII and Isabella at the beginning of the 17th century. The first grand alley linking Tervuren to Brussels, then known as the "Street of the Duke", dates from that period.

18th century until todayEdit

The French Revolution was also a troubled period for Woluwe-Saint-Pierre. The roads became insecure, the religious freedoms were drastically curtailed, much of the local wild life was exterminated for food, and the lack of coal and wood forced people to use peat for heating. The local administration gained its independence from Brussels, obtained its first mayor on 26 May and its first municipal council in 1819. The commercial opportunities that opened up to the new municipality marked the start of a new era of wealth. The municipality did not expand very quickly, however, until the last two decades of the 19th century. New roads, such as the Avenue de Tervueren/Tervurenlaan, a new train track, imposing mansions, such as the Stoclet Palace, and Woluwe Park, were all built or designed between 1880 and 1910. An important race track, now demolished, was built in 1906. The residential areas came into being right after the First World War and further urbanisation took place after the Second World War. Nowadays, agriculture and fisheries, common before 1918, have completely disappeared. The area now depends nearly exclusively on the service sector of the economy.

SightsEdit

Famous inhabitantsEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

Woluwe-Saint-Pierre is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Woluwe-Saint-Pierre is sometimes also spelled Woluwé-Saint-Pierre in French, with an accent on the first "e". Though the first version (without an accent) is the official version, the second one fits more the French pronunciation.

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2020". Statbel.
  2. ^ "Molenbeek-Saint-Jean | IBSA". ibsa.brussels. Retrieved 24 September 2021.

BibliographyEdit

  • Falkenback, Pierre (1973). Historique de Woluwe-Saint-Pierre (in French). Brussels: Commune de Woluwe-Saint-Pierre. OCLC 1419423.
  • Culot, P. (1996). Bibliotheca Wittockiana. Brussels:Crédit communal, ISBN 90-5544-103-1.

External linksEdit