Windsor railway station, Melbourne

Windsor railway station is located on the Sandringham line in Victoria, Australia. It serves the south-eastern Melbourne suburb of Windsor, and opened on 19 December 1859 as Chapel Street. It was renamed Windsor on 1 January 1867.[3]

Windsor
PTV commuter rail station
D003881-R1-05-20A.jpg
South-east bound view from Platform 1, November 2017
General information
LocationChapel Street,
Windsor, Victoria 3181
City of Stonnington
Australia
Coordinates37°51′22″S 144°59′31″E / 37.856042°S 144.992023°E / -37.856042; 144.992023Coordinates: 37°51′22″S 144°59′31″E / 37.856042°S 144.992023°E / -37.856042; 144.992023
Owned byVicTrack
Operated byMetro Trains
Line(s)Sandringham
Distance7.49 kilometres from
Southern Cross
Platforms2 side
Tracks2
ConnectionsTram
Construction
Structure typeGround
Disabled accessNo—steep ramp
Other information
StatusOperational, Host Station
Station codeWIN
Fare zoneMyki Zone 1
WebsitePublic Transport Victoria
History
Opened19 December 1859; 163 years ago (1859-12-19)
ElectrifiedMay 1919 (1500 V DC overhead)
Previous namesChapel Street (1859-1866)
Passengers
2005-2006847,514[1]
2006-2007975,155[1]Increase 15.06%
2007-20081,037,062[1]Increase 6.34%
2008-2009965,600[2]Decrease 6.89%
2009-20101,025,300[2]Increase 6.18%
2010-20111,066,928[2]Increase 4.06%
2011-20121,067,217[2]Increase 0.02%
2012-2013Not measured[2]
2013-20141,054,161[2]Decrease 1.22%
2014-20151,046,717[1]Decrease 0.7%
2015-20161,085,153[2]Increase 3.67%
2016-20171,110,869[2]Increase 2.36%
2017-20181,114,793[2]Increase 0.35%
2018-2019915,797[2]Decrease 17.85%
2019-2020714,100[2]Decrease 22.02%
2020-2021334,200[2]Decrease 53.2%
Services
Preceding station Railways in Melbourne Metro Trains Following station
Prahran Sandringham line Balaclava
towards Sandringham
Former services
St Kilda   St Kilda - Windsor railway line   Junction
  List of closed railway stations in Melbourne  
Track layout
Union Street
1
2

The station is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.[4]

HistoryEdit

Link to St KildaEdit

The station was the terminus for trains on the Brighton Beach line, which opened in 1859, and operated by the St Kilda and Brighton Railway Company. The company also built the loop branch line, connecting the Brighton line to the Melbourne – St Kilda line, which opened in 1857.

Trains from Melbourne travelled to the St Kilda terminus, and then "backed out" onto the loop line to Windsor. The loop ran on timber trestles across the swampy ground now known as Albert Park Lake, and included a raised embankment, with a bridge over St Kilda Road.[5][6] The first train on the loop ran on 3 December 1859, and the line opened to the public ten days later. There were no trains after 7pm on the branch line, so passengers had to walk from St Kilda station to their homes in Prahran.

A short time after the loop line was constructed, a direct connection was built between South Yarra and Windsor stations, the first train arriving at Windsor directly from Melbourne on 24 November 1860. As a consequence, the loop line to St Kilda fell into disuse, and track duplication, a condition of the original crown lease, was never completed.

SidingsEdit

The St Kilda and Brighton Railway Company experienced financial difficulties, and was bought by the Melbourne and Suburban Railway Company in 1862. The track, bridge and trestles between St Kilda station and Punt Road were dismantled, but a short section was retained as a siding at Windsor station. Due to the track alignments, there were two level crossings within 100 metres on Union Street, because the siding continued to be used for shunting trains from the Brighton line, and to carry screenings from the Richmond quarries to a commercial depot on Punt Road (then known as Hoddle Street).

Perversely, it was due to local annoyance at the siding level crossing near the station that trains won the legal right-of-way at road-rail intersections in Victoria. Indignant at the delays to horse-drawn traffic caused by trains, and in particular the perpetually closed and unmanned crossing at the siding, local councillors from Prahran marched to the level crossing in question one morning in 1869, with a group of workers who began to rip up the tracks on the siding. The matter was brought to court on 17 April of that year and, although the railways won the right-of-way case, the siding was not reconstructed.

No evidence of the bridge over St Kilda Road or the embankments remain, although the alignment of the loop can be traced by the residual parkland and some oddly-shaped property boundaries. A small park to the west of Windsor station is called "Windsor Siding".

1887 accidentEdit

On the evening of 11 May 1887, an express train crashed into the rear of a stopping all stations train between Prahran and Windsor stations. Four people were killed and over 100 severely injured. The all stations train had been halted short of Windsor station by a signal. When the signal to proceed was given, the driver could not release the brakes on his train due to a ruptured air pipe. An express train from Melbourne was scheduled 10 minutes behind the stopping train and, due to a curve in the track and a deep cutting, the crew of the express could not see the stationary train ahead. Cooper (1924) reported that the noise of the impact could be heard throughout Prahran and that, in a short time, over 10,000 people were gathered at the site.[7] The driver of the Brighton express, Frederick William Maskell, was killed, along with his fireman, James Houston McNab, William Runting, aged 21, and Annie Foster, aged 45, of Colac. Only weeks earlier, Maskell had received a special reward of £5 from the Railways Commissioners for his alertness in averting an accident after another driver had disregarded a signal.[8]

20th centuryEdit

In February 1972, the overhead wiring above No. 1 road was removed.[9]

The goods yard existed at the up end of the station, until its closure in December 1977.[3]

During 1979, a crossover and connections to the former goods yard were spiked out of use, and a number of dwarf signals were abolished.[3] Also in October of that year, automatic semaphore signals were replaced with light signals between Windsor and Prahran.[10] Also

In 1983, boom barriers replaced interlocked gates at the Union Street level crossing, located at the Up end of the station. The signal box for the level crossing was also abolished during this time.[3]

Platforms and servicesEdit

Windsor has two side platforms. It is served by Sandringham line trains.[11]

Platform 1:

Platform 2:

Transport linksEdit

Yarra Trams operates three routes via Windsor station:

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Estimated Annual Patronage by Network Segment Financial Year 2005-2006 to 2018-19 Department of Transport
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Railway station and tram stop patronage in Victoria for 2008-2021 Philip Mallis
  3. ^ a b c d Windsor Vicsig
  4. ^ Windsor Railway Station Complex Department of Transport, Planning & Local Infrastructure
  5. ^ "The Windsor to St Kilda railway loop bridge". Stonnington History Centre. Stonnington Library. 1857. Retrieved 29 December 2020. Published in John Butler Cooper, 'The history of Prahran: from its first settlement to a city / compiled (1912) and revised (1924) ...', (Melbourne: Modern Printing Co., 1924), p. 188.Reproduction of a drawing of the rail bridge over St Kilda Road built for the short lived rail line between St Kilda and Windsor.
  6. ^ John Butler Cooper (1924). History of Prahran, 1836-1924 (2nd ed.). Melbourne: Modern Printing Co. pp. 184, 189. Retrieved 29 December 2020. The "look line" went across the swampy ground at the end of the Albert Park Lake, on wooden trestles, and the noise the train made is still a memory with men who were then youngsters.
  7. ^ Cooper, John Butler (1924). The History of Prahran. Melbourne: Prahran City Council. p. 286. Archived from the original on 26 January 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  8. ^ "The Windsor Collision". The Age. 13 May 1887. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Way and Works". Divisional Diary. Australian Railway Historical Society. June 1972. p. 7.
  10. ^ "Works". Newsrail. Australian Railway Historical Society. April 1980. p. 77.
  11. ^ "Sandringham Line". Public Transport Victoria.
  12. ^ "5 Melbourne University - Malvern". Public Transport Victoria.
  13. ^ "64 Melbourne University - East Brighton". Public Transport Victoria.
  14. ^ "78 North Richmond - Balaclava via Prahran". Public Transport Victoria.

External linksEdit