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Melbourne tram route 78 is operated by Yarra Trams on the Melbourne tram network. It operates from North Richmond to Balaclava. The 6.5 kilometre route is operated by A-class trams from Kew depot.[1][2]

Route 78
North RichmondBalaclava
Icon for route 78.
YarraTramsLogoNew.svg
W6 977 on Church St Richmond, route 78.jpg
W-class tram on Church Street, Richmond
in 2012
Overview
SystemMelbourne
OperatorYarra Trams
DepotKew
VehicleA class
Route
LocaleMelbourne, Australia
StartNorth Richmond
ViaRichmond
South Yarra
Prahran
Windsor
EndBalaclava
Length6.5 km (4.0 mi)
Service
Journey time20-40 minutes
OperatesDaily
Zone(s)Myki Zone 1
TimetableRoute 78 timetable
MapRoute 78 map
← Route 75  {{{system_nav}}}  Route 82 →

Contents

HistoryEdit

A section of Chapel Street was first served by a cable tram line opened in 1888, which ran from Brighton Road to Toorak Road, then turned towards St Kilda Road and into the CBD.[3] Between 1924 and 1926 the cable tram line was converted to electric traction by the Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board, and was extended along Church Street, forming the route as it operates today.[4] It ran with two variations: route 79, turning from Chapel Street along Carlisle Street to St Kilda Beach, and route 77, which turned from the southern part of the route at Swan Street and continued into the city. The latter route was discontinued in November 1986.[5]

On 2 April 1995, operation of route 78 was transferred from Kew depot to Glenhuntly depot.[6] In the late 20th century, the line ran predominantly as route 79. Like nearly all tram lines in Melbourne, it was served by W-class trams. In the 1990s with the gradual withdrawal of the W-class, the route was operated by Z- and A-class trams. W-class trams were re-introduced in 2004, after they had received brake upgrades. It was one of only three routes running the old trams, the others being route 30 and the City Circle Tram. In 2014 the Ws were withdrawn and replaced by Z- and A-class trams. On 27 July 2014, the route 79 variation was also discontinued.[7]

The route was operated by Glenhuntly Depot until April 30, 2017, when operation of the route was transferred back to Kew Depot. This was so there was more room for the larger B-class trams that were to be transferred to Glenhuntly.

Melbourne tram route 78 evolution
Dates Route Notes
9 December 1934 - onwards North Richmond to Prahran Prahran later renamed Balaclava terminus;
Until 2009, only ran on Mon-Fri until 6pm & 1pm on Saturdays. Between 2009-2014, services ran until 6pm 7 days a week

RouteEdit

The route starts at the Victoria Street terminus then runs along Church Street, Richmond, crossing Bridge Road and Swan Street. It continues over the Yarra River into the suburb of South Yarra along Chapel Street, crossing Toorak Road. Continuing down Chapel Street, it terminates at Brighton Road, Balaclava. It is one of only two tram routes which does not travel through the Melbourne CBD, the other being route 82.

MapEdit

Route 78
North Richmond - Balaclava
via South Yarra, Prahran and Windsor
Fare zone 1 applies from stop 36 to 65.
Suburb
Street
Stop
No.
North Richmond
Connections
     
Victoria Street
Tram 12, 109
Box Hill  
   City - Collins Street
Richmond
Church Street
65
 
Victoria Street
64
 
Baker St
63
 
Kent St
62
 
Highett St
61
 
Bridge Road
     
Bridge Road
Tram 48, 75
Hawthorn Bridge  
   City/Docklands
60
 
Abinger St
59
 
St Ignatius Church
58
 
Gipps St
57
 
Swan St
     
Swan Street
Tram 70
Wattle Park  
   Waterfront City Docklands
56
 
East Richmond Station
 
 
   
  East Richmond
55
 
Gibbons St
54
 
Cotter St
53
 
Howard St
South Yarra
Chapel Street
51
 
Malcolm St
 
  South Yarra
50
 
Toorak Road
     
Toorak Road
Tram 58
Toorak  
   Domain/West Coburg
49
 
Palermo St
48
 
Wilson St
47
 
Commercial Rd
  72;   216, 219, 220
     
Commercil Road - Malvern Road
Tram 72
Gardiner/Camberwell  
   Melbourne University
Prahran
Chapel Street
46
 
Chatham St
 
  Prahran
45
 
High St
     
High Street
Tram 6
Glen Iris  
   Moreland
Windsor
Chapel Street
44
 
Duke St
43
 
Windsor Station
 
 
   
  Windsor
42
 
Dandenong Rd
     
Dandenong Road
Tram 5, 64
Malvern/East Brighton  
   Melbourne University
St Kilda East
St Kilda East
41
 
St Michael's Grammar School
40
 
Alma Rd
39
 
Argyle St
38
 
Inkerman St
St Kilda
St Kilda East
37
 
Carlisle St
     
Carlisle Street
Tram 3/3a, 16
East Malvern  
   Melbourne University
 
  Balaclava
36
 
Brighton Road
  67;   623
     
Brighton Road
Tram 67
Carnegie  
   Melbourne University
Suburb
Street
Stop
No.
Balaclava
Connections

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Facts & figures Yarra Trams
  2. ^ Route 78 Yarra Trams
  3. ^ The Melbourne Tramways:A Pictorial History (map), Stephen Watson, 1993
  4. ^ The Melbourne Tramways:A Pictorial History (map), Stephen Watson, 1993
  5. ^ "Last Route 77 Tour" Trolley Wire issue 229 May 1987 page 41
  6. ^ "Melbourne Trams" Trolley Wire issue 261 May 1995 page 17
  7. ^ Capacity boost for tram passengers Archived 2014-07-26 at the Wayback Machine Yarra Trams 9 July 2014

External linksEdit