Richmond is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3 km (1.86 miles) south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District in the local government area of the City of Yarra municipality. The 2011 Census listed Richmond's population as 26,121.
Swan Street, Richmond with the Swan Street Rail Bridge to the right
|Population||27,705 (2016 census)|
|• Density||7,290/km2 (18,880/sq mi)|
|Area||3.8 km2 (1.5 sq mi)|
|Location||3 km (2 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||City of Yarra|
The diverse suburb has been the subject of gentrification since the early 1990s and now contains an eclectic mix of expensively converted warehouse residences, public housing high-rise flats and terrace houses from the Victorian-era. The residential segment of the suburb exists among a lively retail sector. Richmond was home to the Nine Network studios, under the callsign of GTV-9, until the studios moved to Docklands in 2011. Dimmeys is long associated with Richmond, although it is located in the neighbouring suburb of Cremorne. The suburb is well known for its popular factory outlets along Bridge Road, remaining an attraction to the area.
Richmond is well known for its vibrant and popular Little Saigon area along Victoria Street; however, the area is also recognised for the illicit drug dealing (especially heroin) that occurs in both street-based and domestic contexts.
Landmarks and built environmentEdit
Commercial and governmentEdit
Victoria Gardens Shopping Centre is a large modern complex built in 2001 to service the inner eastern suburbs. The Loyal Studley Hotel was built in 1891 and is now used as a homewares shop. Richmond Power Station was built in 1891. The Burnley Theatre is now a commercial homewares shop, but contains some elements of the original interiors, including the foyer and stage. 450 Swan Street, completed in 1995, combines an old bank and modern building in outstanding example of deconstructivist architecture, by Ashton Raggart McDougall. Richmond Town Hall is a landmark building currently operated by the City of Yarra, which was built in the 1880s and redecorated during the interwar years. Hotels include The Mountain View Hotel, Corner Hotel, Great Britain Hotel, The Rising Sun and The Swan (1890) and many others known for their live music.
With a large number of small homes in its narrow streets, Richmond has some of Melbourne's best examples of residential architecture from most periods.
Notable examples include The Malthouse, a landmark conversion of silos into apartments by award-winning architect Nonda Katsalidis.
The bluestone terrace homes at 13 & 15 James Street, built in 1857 in the rustic Gothic style for Eneas Mackenzie, a civil servant, are classified by the National Trust and are among the oldest homes remaining in Melbourne.
Abinger Street looking west shows a diversity of housing styles including the Malthouse – industrial silos converted into contemporary apartments, deemed by some as an "ugly eyesore"
From the mid-19th century, Richmond was a centre of manufacturing industry, including many large complexes such as the Bryant & May match factory, Jaques Limited engineering works, the Wertheim Piano factory and Pelaco.
Richmond does have some parks and gardens and reserves, however, they are notably absent in the main centre of the suburb. The largest park is Burnley Park. Other notable spaces include, Citizens Park (Richmond Oval), bordering on Church and Highett Streets. Barkly Gardens and the Allen Bain Reserve, as well as a number of smaller parks and reserves.
Other large parks are located in nearby suburbs, including Yarra Park and Melbourne Park in East Melbourne (Jolimont), the Golden Square Bicentennial Park, Burnley Park and oval, the Burnley Golf Course (survey paddock) and a number of sport reserves and ovals in neighbouring Burnley. Pridmore Park, Yarra Bank Reserve, Creswick Street Reserve and St James Park are in Hawthorn, Dickinsons Reserve, Yarra Bend Park, Studley Park Golf Course and Studley Park are in Kew.
In 2016 Richmond had a population of 27,705. The most common ancestries in Richmond were English 22.6%, Australian 15.8%, Irish 10.4%, Scottish 7.2% and Chinese 5.8%. 60.0% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were Vietnam 5.0%, England 3.7%, New Zealand 3.1%, China 2.0% and Greece 2.0%. 66.0% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Vietnamese 6.6%, Greek 4.0%, Mandarin 2.4%, Cantonese 1.7% and Hakka 1.2%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 44.2% and Catholic 18.3%.
Many religious groups exist in Richmond. The local large Catholic community is served by St Ignatius' Church on Church Street and St James Parish. Anglicans also have a presence in Richmond, served by St Stephens, next door to St Ignatius' Church. A Uniting Church also serves its members with a Fijian presence, located on Church Street.
Due to a large amount of Greek Immigration in Australia there is a Greek Orthodox Church, located on Burnley Street, which is open for mass every Sunday and brings together Richmond's Greek Community.
There is also a large Assemblies of God Church, Richmond AOG, in Griffiths Street.
Richmond is home to the Richmond Football Club, an Australian rules football club, which is a member of the Australian Football League. The club has a cult following not only in Richmond, but throughout the eastern suburbs of Melbourne. Richmond are arguably the biggest club in the AFL, with over 100,000 members in 2018 and have won 11 premierships, the latest being 2017, breaking a 37 year drought.
The Tigers play the majority of their home games at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), which is just outside the suburb's border, and regularly attract crowds in excess of 50,000; however, can draw as large as 90,000 against fierce rivals. The team trains and runs their administration from their spiritual home ground, Punt Road Oval (adjacent to the MCG). Although the club have not played home games at the Punt Road Oval since the end of the 1964 season, the Richmond Football Club have rebuilt a new social club and training facility at the Punt Road Oval. The club have played their home games at the neighbouring Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) since 1965.
Richmond is home to Richmond Harriers Athletic Club, who compete in Athletics Victoria sanctioned competition in track and field, road running and cross-country running. The club was founded in 1913 and celebrated its centenary year in 2013. The club is located at Citizen's Park, at the corner of Highett Street and Gleadell Street.
Richmond has an established transport system involving arterial roads, five train stations, seven tram routes, a bus route and a series of bicycle trails, including the Capital City Trail and the Yarra River Trail.
The main train station in Richmond is Richmond railway station. It is an interchange for all metropolitan passenger trains to the eastern and south-eastern suburbs. Railway lines that travel through Richmond Station include the Pakenham, Cranbourne, Frankston, Lilydale, Belgrave, Glen Waverley, Sandringham and Alamein lines.
Access Health and Community is a major primary health service at 283 Church Street and was founded in 1868 as the Richmond Dispensary, making it possibly the oldest continuously running GP practice and community health centre in Australia. Sir Robert Menzies, a former Australian Prime Minister, on retiring from the Commonwealth Parliament was the head of the fund raising committee for the current building which was opened in 1978.
Richmond in popular cultureEdit
- The 80s cult punk film Dogs in Space by Richard Lowenstein and starring Michael Hutchence was filmed in Richmond.
- Songwriter Paul Kelly's song 'Leaps and Bounds' mentions Richmond's 'clock on the silo', otherwise known as the Nylex Clock.
- Ron Barassi formerly owned The Mountain View Hotel.
- Renovation Challenge: The Block was filmed in 4 dilapidated houses on cameron street.
- Peter Lalor - Irish-born leader of the Eureka Rebellion, died in Richmond.
- Dennis Allen
- James A. Meikle
- Tania Thomasz
- Don Battye
- Peter Brock
- Megan Gale
- Stan Keon
- Norman Lacy
- Peter Lalor
- Andy Lee
- Rove McManus
- Dame Nellie Melba – Was born in Richmond in 1861.
- Molly Meldrum
- David Mitchell
- Van Tuong Nguyen
- Frank Scully
- Billy Slater
- Squizzy Taylor
- Roger Dean - the last AFL Richmond captain, born and raised in Richmond.
- Bronwyn Halfpenny
- City of Richmond – A former local government area.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Richmond (Vic) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- Yarra City Council (2017). "About us". Yarra City Council. Yarra City Council. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Richmond". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
- Sarah Murray (1 February 2011). "Docklands is the media hub". Docklands News. Shane Scanlan. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- Timna Jacks (4 January 2015). "Ice Hits Melbourne's heroin heartland". The Age (Victoria). Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Andrew Jefferson, Matthew Johnson (15 February 2015). "Angry Richmond traders and residents say heroin-shooting gallery is not the answer". Herald Sun, Melbourne. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Northern Suburbs Factory Study (Part One: History and analysis)by Gary Vines 1992
- M. Moran, The Melbourne parish of Richmond: a letter of 1933, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 35 (2014), 22-27.
- <Hats off to the past and coats off to the future, Natalie Korszniak, 2016, ISBN 978-0-9872773-0-5>
- Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. .