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The Williams FW07 was a ground effect Formula One racing car designed by Patrick Head, Frank Dernie, and Neil Oatley for the 1979 F1 season.[1] It was closely based on the Lotus 79, even being developed in the same wind tunnel at Imperial College London. Some observers, among them Lotus aerodynamicist Peter Wright felt the FW07 was little more than a re-engineered Lotus 79. The car was small and simple and extremely light, powered by the ubiquitous Ford Cosworth DFV. It had very clean lines and seemed to be a strong challenger for the new season, but early reliability problems halted any serious threat for the title. While not the first to use ground effects in Formula One, an honour belonging to Colin Chapman and the Lotus 78 (the Lotus 79's predecessor), Head may have had a better grasp of the principles than even Chapman.[2]

Williams FW07
Williams FW07B
Williams FW07C
Williams FW07D
Williams FW07C, Peter Sowerby, GB (17.06.2007).jpg
CategoryFormula One
ConstructorWilliams Grand Prix Engineering
Designer(s)Patrick Head
Frank Dernie
Neil Oatley
PredecessorFW06
SuccessorFW08
Technical specifications
ChassisAluminium monocoque
Suspension (front)Lower wishbones and inboard springs
Suspension (rear)Lower wishbones and inboard springs
EngineFord-Cosworth DFV 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) V8 naturally aspirated mid-mounted
Transmission1979: Hewland FGB 5-speed manual
1980-1982: Hewland FGA 400 5-speed manual
Weight1979: 579 kg
1980: 585 kg
1981-1982: 540 kg
FuelMobil
TyresGoodyear (1979-1982)
Michelin (1981)
Competition history
Notable entrantsWilliams
Notable driversAustralia Alan Jones,
Switzerland Clay Regazzoni,
Argentina Carlos Reutemann,
South Africa Desiré Wilson,
United States Kevin Cogan,
United Kingdom Rupert Keegan,
Spain Emilio de Villota
United States Mario Andretti
Debut1979 Spanish Grand Prix
RacesWinsPolesF.Laps
4315815
Constructors' Championships2 (1980 & 1981)
Drivers' Championships1 (Alan Jones, 1980)

Contents

Racing HistoryEdit

1979Edit

The car made its debut at the Spanish Grand Prix at Jarama in 1979, the 5th round of the season and the first European round after the non-ground effect FW06 was used for the first 4 rounds in the Americas and South Africa. The car proved to be reasonably competitive; Australian Alan Jones put the car 13th at Jarama and then 4th for the next round in Belgium; he even led 16 laps of the race before retiring with electrical failure. But when the British Grand Prix at Silverstone came around, chief designer Frank Dernie had designed and implemented a system that ensured that the car's all-important skirts touched the ground at all times and had also corrected some aerodynamic leakage at the back of the chassis between the French and British Grand Prix. Jones then stuck the revised Williams on pole and was immediately 2 seconds faster than the next fastest car. The car served to make Team Williams a contender for the first time; Jones retired with fuel pump failure and his Swiss teammate Clay Regazzoni won his last Grand Prix and first since 1976. [2] Jones then won 4 of the next 5 Grand Prix in Germany, Austria, Holland and Canada in a car that was so much quicker than any of the others, particularly around high-speed circuits. But because the car's competitiveness came only at mid-season, Jones and Williams lost the driver's and constructor's championships to South African Jody Scheckter and Ferrari, respectively. But the FW07's competitiveness meant that Williams was a top contender for the 1980 season and beyond.

 
The Williams FW07 (1979).
 
The Williams FW07B (1980).

1980Edit

The FW07 became FW07B in 1980, and Regazzoni was replaced by Carlos Reutemann. While the latter and Williams's other driver, Alan Jones, formed a successful partnership, they were not comfortable with each other. Both drivers developed the FW07 further, working especially on setup and suspension strengthening. The car was now so efficient in creating downforce from its ground effect design that the front wings were unnecessary. Jones won five races in Argentina, France, Britain, Canada and Watkins Glen in the USA to win his only world championship, while Reutemann won at a wet race in Monaco. Williams won also their first Constructors' Championship. The main challenge to the FW07 came from Nelson Piquet in Brabham's neat BT49.

1981Edit

The FW07B evolved into the FW07C for 1981, and this time it was Reutemann who challenged Piquet for the championship, narrowly missing out in the final race, but Williams took home the constructors' championship after four more wins. Further work was done to the suspension, especially after the FIA banned the moveable skirts needed for effective ground effect. The hydraulic suspension systems were developed by Jones, who hated the rock hard suspension. During a winter test session at the Paul Ricard Circuit in the south of France, he suggested to Frank Williams that to compensate for the harsh ride and the pounding the driver gets while driving the car that he "put suspension on the seat", which Frank thought was a good idea. However, he then replied that Jones should sit on his wallet. 'Yeah,' drawled the tough Aussie, 'then give me something to put in it!'[3] Jones temporarily left Formula One because of the extremely unpleasant ride the FW07C gave, he later described driving the car as "wrecking the internals".

The FW07D was an experimental six-wheeled test car (4 driven rear wheels, and 2 undriven front wheels) that was tested by Alan Jones on one single occasion at the Donington Park circuit. With the FW07D proving the concept, its unique design was incorporated into the six-wheeled FW08B.[4][5]

1982Edit

After Jones retired, Williams took on Keke Rosberg in 1982. His mercurial driving seemed to suit the FW07, which although it was now three years old, was still competitive. After 15 wins, 300 points, one drivers' and two constructors' titles the FW07 was replaced by the similarly engineered FW08 from early 1982.

Complete Formula One World Championship resultsEdit

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position) (results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Points WCC
1979 Albilad-Saudia Racing Team FW07 Ford Cosworth DFV G ARG BRA RSA USW ESP BEL MON FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN USA 75* 2nd
Alan Jones Ret Ret Ret 4 Ret 1 1 1 9 1 Ret
Clay Regazzoni Ret Ret 2 6 1 2 5 Ret 3 3 Ret
1980 Albilad-Saudia Racing Team FW07
FW07B
Ford Cosworth DFV G ARG BRA RSA USW BEL MON FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN USA 120 1st
Alan Jones 1 3 Ret Ret 2 Ret 1 1 3 2 11 2 1 1
Carlos Reutemann Ret Ret 5 Ret 3 1 6 3 2 3 4 3 2 2
RAM Penthouse Rizla Racing Rupert Keegan 11 DNQ 15 DNQ 11 DNQ 9
RAM Rainbow Jeans Racing FW07B Kevin Cogan DNQ
RAM Theodore FW07B Geoff Lees DNQ
Brands Hatch Racing FW07 Desiré Wilson DNQ
1981 TAG Williams Racing Team FW07C Ford Cosworth DFV G USW BRA ARG SMR BEL MON ESP FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN CPL 95 1st
Alan Jones 1 2 4 12 Ret 2 7 17 Ret 11 4 3 2 Ret 1
Albilad Williams Racing Team Carlos Reutemann 2 1 2 3 1 Ret 4 10 2 Ret 5 Ret 3 10 8
Equipe Banco Occidental FW07 M Emilio de Villota EX
1982 TAG Williams Racing Team FW07C Ford Cosworth DFV G RSA BRA USW SMR BEL MON DET CAN NED GBR FRA GER AUT SUI ITA CPL 58* 4th
Carlos Reutemann 2 Ret
Keke Rosberg 5 DSQ 2
Mario Andretti Ret

* 4 points in 1979 scored using the FW06
* 44 points in 1982 scored using the FW08

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Thorson, Thor (July 2010). "1979 Williams FW07 Formula One". Sports Car Market. 22 (7): 60–61.
  2. ^ a b Diepraam, Mattijs (2007-11-30). "Poachers turned gamekeepers: how the FOCA became the new FIA. Part 2: Onset – authority and rebellion". 8w.forix. Retrieved 2014-07-06.
  3. ^ As seen in BBC's 1981 documentary "Gentlemen, lift your skirts..."
  4. ^ "Flashback: The Williams F1 six-wheeler". YallaF1.com. 2011-03-18. Archived from the original on 2011-03-23. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
  5. ^ "The 'BETA vs VHS' Award". F1 Rejects. Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-29.

External linksEdit